Monday 16 November 1998
Deaths: Henry III, King, 1272; Perkin Warbeck, pretender to the throne, executed 1499; Godfried Schalcken, painter, 1706; Jack Sheppard, highwayman, hanged 1724; William Broome, poet and translator, 1745; Johann Lukas von Hildebrandt, architect, 1745; James Ferguson, astronomer, 1776; John Walter, founder of The Times, 1812; Karl Hess, painter, 1874; Louis Riel, leader of the Metis rebellion in Canada, hanged 1885; George Alfred Henty, author of books for boys, 1902; Carl von Linde, chemist and engineer, 1934; Charles Maurras, writer and philosopher, 1952; William Clark Gable, actor, 1960; William Holden (William Franklin Beedle), actor, 1981; Arthur Bowden Askey, comedian, 1983.
On this day: the Swedish-German Protestant army forced the Catholic army under Count von Wallenstein to withdraw at Lutzen, 1632; Westminster Bridge was formally opened, 1750; Washington was captured by British troops, 1776; Frederick Wilhelm III became King of Prussia, 1797; Hamilton Hume, explorer, discovered the Murray River, 1824; Krakow was annexed by Austria, 1846; the Holborn Empire, London, opened as Weston's Music Hall, 1857; the Suez Canal was formally opened at Port Said, 1869; Amadeus, Duke of Aosta, was elected King of Spain as Amadeo I, 1870; an Anglo-French condominium was set up over the New Hebrides, 1887; Dahomey became a protectorate of France, 1893; British Bechuanaland became a crown colony, 1895; Wyndham's Theatre, London, opened, 1899; the first cartoon film, The Enchanted Drawing, by the US artist James Stuart Blackton, appeared, 1900; Oklahoma became the 46th of the United States, 1907; in Budapest, Hungary was proclaimed an independent republic, 1918; following a period of rampant inflation, a new currency system was introduced in Germany, 1923; Stanley Baldwin warned King Edward VIII that if he married Mrs Wallis Simpson he would offend public opinion and damage the prestige of the throne, 1936; the first London performance of the musical show Applause was presented, 1972; four Egyptian ships entered the Suez Canal; the first commercial vessels to use the canal since its 1967 closure, 1974.
Today is the Feast Day of St Afan, St Agnes of Assisi, St Edmund of Abingdon, St Eucherius of Lyons, St Gertrude of Helfta, St Margaret of Scotland, St Mechtildis of Helfta and St Nikon "Metanoeite".
tv Review: Miranda Hart and co deliver the festive goods
tvReview: Older generation get hot under the collar this Christmas
comedy Erm...he seems to be back
tvReview: No ho-ho-hos with Nick Frost's badass Santa
tv Gymnast Louis Smith triumphed in the Christmas special
Film The critics but sneer but these unfashionable festive films are our favourites
TV We're so close to knowing what happened to Oliver Hughes, but a last-minute bluff crushes expectations
Arts & Ents blogs
- 1 The Boy in the Dress, TV review: David Walliams' Boxing Day treat is a celebration of being different
- 2 Exclusive: Abusers using spyware apps to monitor partners reaches 'epidemic proportions'
- 3 Andy Murray takes to Twitter to show off his Christmas jumper
- 4 Katie Hopkins speaks out on childhood obesity: 'Parents of fat children should be prosecuted for child cruelty'
- 5 Top 10 travel destinations for 2015: From Haiti and Alaska to Namibia and Iceland
Downton Abbey Christmas special 2014, review: Love is everywhere, actually
The Boy in the Dress, TV review: David Walliams' Boxing Day treat is a celebration of being different
The Interview finally gets US release after Sony hack and terror threats – but reviews of North Korea satire are mixed
Vagina canoe artist defends herself over ‘obscenity’ charges
Doctor Who Christmas special, review: No ho-ho-hos with Nick Frost's badass Santa
British actor Idris Elba cannot star as James Bond because he is black, says shock jock Rush Limbaugh
Rozanne Duncan: Ukip expels councillor for 'jaw-dropping' comments made in BBC TV interview
Germany anti-Islam protests: 17,000 march on Dresden against 'Islamification of the West'
Ukip member gets into Christmas spirit with Union Flag plea to Santa 'for our country back'
BBC director Danny Cohen: Rising UK antisemitism makes me feel more uncomfortable than ever
Katie Hopkins speaks out on childhood obesity: 'Parents of fat children should be prosecuted for child cruelty'