Monday 16 November 1998
Deaths: Henry III, King, 1272; Perkin Warbeck, pretender to the throne, executed 1499; Godfried Schalcken, painter, 1706; Jack Sheppard, highwayman, hanged 1724; William Broome, poet and translator, 1745; Johann Lukas von Hildebrandt, architect, 1745; James Ferguson, astronomer, 1776; John Walter, founder of The Times, 1812; Karl Hess, painter, 1874; Louis Riel, leader of the Metis rebellion in Canada, hanged 1885; George Alfred Henty, author of books for boys, 1902; Carl von Linde, chemist and engineer, 1934; Charles Maurras, writer and philosopher, 1952; William Clark Gable, actor, 1960; William Holden (William Franklin Beedle), actor, 1981; Arthur Bowden Askey, comedian, 1983.
On this day: the Swedish-German Protestant army forced the Catholic army under Count von Wallenstein to withdraw at Lutzen, 1632; Westminster Bridge was formally opened, 1750; Washington was captured by British troops, 1776; Frederick Wilhelm III became King of Prussia, 1797; Hamilton Hume, explorer, discovered the Murray River, 1824; Krakow was annexed by Austria, 1846; the Holborn Empire, London, opened as Weston's Music Hall, 1857; the Suez Canal was formally opened at Port Said, 1869; Amadeus, Duke of Aosta, was elected King of Spain as Amadeo I, 1870; an Anglo-French condominium was set up over the New Hebrides, 1887; Dahomey became a protectorate of France, 1893; British Bechuanaland became a crown colony, 1895; Wyndham's Theatre, London, opened, 1899; the first cartoon film, The Enchanted Drawing, by the US artist James Stuart Blackton, appeared, 1900; Oklahoma became the 46th of the United States, 1907; in Budapest, Hungary was proclaimed an independent republic, 1918; following a period of rampant inflation, a new currency system was introduced in Germany, 1923; Stanley Baldwin warned King Edward VIII that if he married Mrs Wallis Simpson he would offend public opinion and damage the prestige of the throne, 1936; the first London performance of the musical show Applause was presented, 1972; four Egyptian ships entered the Suez Canal; the first commercial vessels to use the canal since its 1967 closure, 1974.
Today is the Feast Day of St Afan, St Agnes of Assisi, St Edmund of Abingdon, St Eucherius of Lyons, St Gertrude of Helfta, St Margaret of Scotland, St Mechtildis of Helfta and St Nikon "Metanoeite".
Glastonbury Roger Daltrey and Pete Townshend will perform with Paul Weller as their warm-up act
Arts & Ents blogs
- 1 Morgan Freeman on the riot-focused coverage of the Baltimore protests: 'F**k the media'
- 2 The man who filmed the Freddie Gray video has been arrested at gunpoint
- 3 Top Gear: Jodie Kidd, Philip Glenister and Guy Martin 'in advanced talks' to replace Jeremy Clarkson and co
- 4 Frankie Boyle on Scottish independence: 'In the Interests of Unity, F**k Off'
- 5 Length of pregnancy can vary by up to five weeks, scientists discover
Penny Dreadful, series 2 episode 1, review: It is still gloriously silly
Top Gear: Jodie Kidd, Philip Glenister and Guy Martin 'in advanced talks' to replace Jeremy Clarkson and co
Eurovision 2015: What date and time is the song contest and who are the favourites to win?
Game of Thrones, season 5 episode 4, review: Sansa in danger of becoming another footnote in Westeros' bloody history
Fifty Shades of Grey movie shows first sex scene 'after 40 minutes'
In defence of liberal democracy
The Rothschild Libel: Why has it taken 200 years for an anti-Semitic slur that emerged from the Battle of Waterloo to be dismissed?
General Election 2015: UK will be 'run for the wealthy and powerful' if Tories retain power, Labour warns
General election live: SNP suspends two members for disrupting Labour rally
Schools forced to act as 'miniature welfare states' with teachers buying underwear and even haircuts for poor pupils
Andy McSmith's Sketch: Feisty audience is the real star of an enlightening show