Monday 01 March 1999
Births: Sir Samuel Romilly, law reformer, 1757; Gottfried Weber, composer, 1779; Denis-Auguste-Marie Raffet, illustrator, 1823; Frederic-Francois (Fryderyk Franciszek) Chopin, composer, 1810; Augustus Welby Northmore Pugin, architect, 1812; Ebenezer Prout, composer, 1835; Alfred Philippe Roll, painter, 1846; Augustus Saint-Gaudens, sculptor, 1848; Georg Simmel, philosopher and sociologist, 1858; Henry Harland, novelist and editor of the Yellow Book, 1861; Lytton Giles Strachey, writer and biographer, 1880; Roger Martin du Gard, playwright and novelist, 1881; Oskar Kokoschka, expressionist painter, 1886; Alton Glenn Miller, bandleader, 1904; James David Graham Niven, actor, 1910; Robert Traill Spence Lowell, poet, 1917; Dinah Shore (Frances Rose Shore), singer, 1917.
Deaths: Dom Francisco d'Almeida, Portuguese viceroy, killed at Table Bay, 1510; Thomas Campion, poet and composer, 1620; George Herbert, clergyman and poet, 1633; Girolamo Frescobaldi, organist and composer, 1643; Thomas Ellwood, poet, 1713; Edward Moore, playwright and writer of fables, 1757; Hermann Samuel Reimarus, philosopher, 1768; Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor, 1792; Prince Alexander Mikhailovich Gorchakov, Russian statesman, 1883; George Grossmith, comedian and singer, 1912; Gabriele D'Annunzio, poet, politician and playwright, 1938; Mack Gordon (Morris Gittler), lyricist, 1959; Jackie (Jack Leslie) Coogan, actor, 1984; Tommy Farr, heavyweight boxer, 1986.
On this day: Mozambique was discovered by Vasco da Gama, 1498; 1,200 French Huguenots were massacred at Vassy, 1562; The Spectator was first published, 1711; Charles I of Spain expelled the Jesuits from the country, 1767; slavery was abolished by Pennsylvania; the first US state to do so, 1780; all the States of the American Union ratified the articles of Confederation, 1781; Ohio became the 17th of the United States, 1803; Mehemet Ali of Egypt massacred the Mamelukes and obtained total power, 1811; Texas was annexed by the United States, 1845; Nebraska became the 37th of the United States, 1867; in the US, Yellowstone Park was set aside as a national park, 1872; the Abyssinians defeated the Italian invading army at Adowa, 1896; St Dunstan's in Regent's Park was opened as a hostel for the blind, 1915; Admiral Horthy was elected Regent of Hungary, 1920; the 19-month-old son of Charles Lindbergh, aviator, was kidnapped, 1932; the Saar voted to return to Germany, 1935; the first London performance of the operetta Three Waltzes was staged, 1945; the United States tested a hydrogen bomb at Bikini Atoll, 1954; the Soviet spacecraft Venus 3 touched down on Venus, 1966; after the Watergate burglary, seven of Nixon's aides were indicted, 1974.
Today is the Feast Day of St Aubin or Albinus of Angers, St David or Dewi, St Felix III, Pope, St Rudesind or Rosendo and St Swithbert.
TV review Nick Hewer, the man whose eyebrows speak a thousand words, is set to leave The Apprentice
Film The critics but sneer but these unfashionable festive films are our favourites
TV We're so close to knowing what happened to Oliver Hughes, but a last-minute bluff crushes expectations
Arts & Ents blogs
- 1 Nigel Farage: Me vs Russell Brand on Question Time – he's got the chest hair but where are his ideas?
- 2 Harry Potter fans can apply to the Hogwarts-inspired College of Wizardry
- 3 Jessica Chambers: 19-year-old woman 'doused with lighter fluid and burned alive' in the US
- 4 Russell Brand calls Nigel Farage 'poundshop Enoch Powell' in BBC Question Time debate
- 5 Orange Wednesdays are no more
Peter Lik: The self-proclaimed 'fine-art photographer' whose work sells for millions
The best underrated Christmas movies from Love, Actually to While You Were Sleeping
Grace Dent on TV: The Lost Honour of Christopher Jefferies was a beautifully shot, immensely considered drama
The Lost Honour of Christopher Jefferies, review: Jason Watkins is brilliant, but real victim Joanna Yeates is reduced to a footnote
Marilyn Manson denies involvement in shocking Lana Del Rey rape video
Disgruntled RBS worker writes hilarious open letter to Russell Brand after anti-capitalist publicity stunt leaves him hungry
Shock poll shows voters believe Ukip is to the left of the Tories
Nigel Farage's approval rating hits 'record low' as popularity suffers in wake of Ukip sex scandal
Nigel Farage defends Kerry Smith 'ch***y' comment: 'If you are going for a Chinese, what do you say you’re going for?'
Ukip candidate jokes about 'shooting peasants' in racist and homophobic rant
Pakistan school attack live: Taliban kill at least 132 children in 'horrifying' massacre