Friday 05 March 1999
Births: Gerhardus Mercator (Gerhard Kremer), cartographer, 1512; Sir Austen Henry Layard, archaeologist, 1817; Sir Charles Wyville Thomson, zoologist, 1830; Howard Pyle, artist, illustrator and writer, 1853; Sir Henry Hughes Wilson, field marshal, 1864; Benjamin Franklin (Frank) Norris, novelist, 1870; Rosa Luxemburg, Spartacist (socialist) agitator, 1871; William Henry, first Baron Beveridge, of the Beveridge Report on social insurance, 1879; Herbert Farjeon, critic and playwright, 1887; Sir Rex Carey Harrison, actor, 1908.
Deaths: Antonio Allegri da Correggio, painter, 1534; Thomas Augustine Arne, composer ("Rule, Britannia") 1778; Flora Macdonald, Jacobite heroine, 1790; Franz Anton Mesmer, physician and founder of "animal magnetism", 1815; David Scott, historical painter, 1849; Sir Henry Creswicke Rawlinson, soldier and Orientalist, 1895; Felice Carlo Emmanuele Cavalotti, anti- monarchist journalist, killed in a duel 1898; Alfredo Casella, composer, 1947; Edward Lee Masters, novelist and poet, 1950; Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev, composer, 1953; Joseph Stalin (Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili), Russian leader, 1953; William Cameron Menzies, film director, 1957; Anna Akhmatova (Anna Andreyevna Gorenko), poet, 1966; Mohammad Mosaddeq, politician, 1967; E.Y. "Yip" Harburg (Isidore Hochberg), composer, killed in a car crash, 1981; Tito Gobbi, baritone, 1984; William Powell, actor, 1984.
On this day: the foundation stone of New College, Oxford, was laid, 1397; soldiers fought civilians at Boston, Massachusetts, in the Boston Massacre, 1770; Covent Garden Theatre, London, was destroyed by fire, 1856; civil disobedience in India ended, 1931; the Nazis made large gains in the German general election, 1933; the Battle of the Bismarck Sea ended, 1943; Winston Churchill made a speech at Fulton, Missouri, referring to an "Iron Curtain" across Europe, 1946.
Today is the Feast Day of Saints Adrian and Eubulus, St Eusebius of Cremona, St Gerasimus, St John Joseph of the Cross, St Kieran of Saighir, St Phocas of Antioch, St Piran and St Virgil of Arles.
Game of Thrones
Arts & Ents blogs
- 1 If these extraordinarily powerful images of a dead Syrian child washed up on a beach don't change Europe's attitude to refugees, what will?
- 2 Senior British politicians tell David Cameron: When dead children are being washed up on beaches – it's time to act
- 3 Make your voice heard: Sign The Independent's petition to welcome refugees
- 4 Refugee crisis: Aylan's life was full of fear - in death, he is part of 'humanity washed ashore'
- 5 German police forced to ask public to stop bringing donations for refugees arriving by train
Senior British politicians tell David Cameron: When dead children are being washed up on beaches – it's time to act
Jeremy Corbyn calls Osama bin Laden's killing a 'tragedy' - but was it taken out of context?
If these extraordinarily powerful images of a dead Syrian child washed up on a beach don't change Europe's attitude to refugees, what will?
Britain to take more refugees as Cameron bows to pressure after more than 100,000 back our campaign
If you're not already angry about the refugee crisis, here's a history lesson to remind you why you really should be
Theresa May says migrants should be banned from entering the UK unless they have jobs lined up