Friday 05 March 1999
Births: Gerhardus Mercator (Gerhard Kremer), cartographer, 1512; Sir Austen Henry Layard, archaeologist, 1817; Sir Charles Wyville Thomson, zoologist, 1830; Howard Pyle, artist, illustrator and writer, 1853; Sir Henry Hughes Wilson, field marshal, 1864; Benjamin Franklin (Frank) Norris, novelist, 1870; Rosa Luxemburg, Spartacist (socialist) agitator, 1871; William Henry, first Baron Beveridge, of the Beveridge Report on social insurance, 1879; Herbert Farjeon, critic and playwright, 1887; Sir Rex Carey Harrison, actor, 1908.
Deaths: Antonio Allegri da Correggio, painter, 1534; Thomas Augustine Arne, composer ("Rule, Britannia") 1778; Flora Macdonald, Jacobite heroine, 1790; Franz Anton Mesmer, physician and founder of "animal magnetism", 1815; David Scott, historical painter, 1849; Sir Henry Creswicke Rawlinson, soldier and Orientalist, 1895; Felice Carlo Emmanuele Cavalotti, anti- monarchist journalist, killed in a duel 1898; Alfredo Casella, composer, 1947; Edward Lee Masters, novelist and poet, 1950; Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev, composer, 1953; Joseph Stalin (Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili), Russian leader, 1953; William Cameron Menzies, film director, 1957; Anna Akhmatova (Anna Andreyevna Gorenko), poet, 1966; Mohammad Mosaddeq, politician, 1967; E.Y. "Yip" Harburg (Isidore Hochberg), composer, killed in a car crash, 1981; Tito Gobbi, baritone, 1984; William Powell, actor, 1984.
On this day: the foundation stone of New College, Oxford, was laid, 1397; soldiers fought civilians at Boston, Massachusetts, in the Boston Massacre, 1770; Covent Garden Theatre, London, was destroyed by fire, 1856; civil disobedience in India ended, 1931; the Nazis made large gains in the German general election, 1933; the Battle of the Bismarck Sea ended, 1943; Winston Churchill made a speech at Fulton, Missouri, referring to an "Iron Curtain" across Europe, 1946.
Today is the Feast Day of Saints Adrian and Eubulus, St Eusebius of Cremona, St Gerasimus, St John Joseph of the Cross, St Kieran of Saighir, St Phocas of Antioch, St Piran and St Virgil of Arles.
TV reviewBroadcasting House was preparing for a visit from Prince Charles spoiler alert
Glastonbury Michael Eavis reveals final headline act 'most likely' British pair
Film Ewan McGregor joins star-studded Beauty and the Beast cast as Lumiere
TVThe Island with Bear Grylls under fire after male contestants kill and eat rare crocodile
Grace Dent on TV The Secret Life of the Pub is sexist, ageist and a breath of fresh air
Arts & Ents blogs
- 1 Frank Lampard's face drops when Holly Willoughby introduces him as a 'Man City legend'
- 2 Migrant crisis: Greek soldier saved 20 people singlehandedly off Rhodes beach
- 3 UK weather: Britain braced for snow as arctic air mass moves in
- 4 Aaron and Melissa Klein: Oregon anti-gay bakers ordered to pay $135,000 after refusing to make cake for same-sex wedding
- 5 Stephen Hawking endorses Labour in the General Election
Fast & Furious 7 overtakes Frozen to become 5th highest grossing movie of all time
Poldark, series 1 finale, review: How a costume drama became a Sunday night swoon-fest
Al Pacino admits he was nearly fired from The Godfather and it's still his most 'difficult role'
Warner Music owner Len Blavatnik tops Sunday Times Rich List
Game of Thrones season 5 episode 3, review: Sansa and manhood-lopping torturer Ramsay Bolton - really?
General Election 2015: Chuka Umunna on the benefits of immigration, humility – and his leader Ed Miliband
The sickening truth about food banks that the Tories don't want you to know
Migrant boat disaster: Ukip candidate mocks victims in sickening Twitter post
Nigel Farage wants the BBC to stop making programmes like Doctor Who, Strictly Come Dancing, and Top Gear
Global warming: Scientists say temperatures could rise by 6C by 2100 and call for action ahead of UN meeting in Paris
Aaron and Melissa Klein: Oregon anti-gay bakers ordered to pay $135,000 after refusing to make cake for same-sex wedding