Friday 05 March 1999
Births: Gerhardus Mercator (Gerhard Kremer), cartographer, 1512; Sir Austen Henry Layard, archaeologist, 1817; Sir Charles Wyville Thomson, zoologist, 1830; Howard Pyle, artist, illustrator and writer, 1853; Sir Henry Hughes Wilson, field marshal, 1864; Benjamin Franklin (Frank) Norris, novelist, 1870; Rosa Luxemburg, Spartacist (socialist) agitator, 1871; William Henry, first Baron Beveridge, of the Beveridge Report on social insurance, 1879; Herbert Farjeon, critic and playwright, 1887; Sir Rex Carey Harrison, actor, 1908.
Deaths: Antonio Allegri da Correggio, painter, 1534; Thomas Augustine Arne, composer ("Rule, Britannia") 1778; Flora Macdonald, Jacobite heroine, 1790; Franz Anton Mesmer, physician and founder of "animal magnetism", 1815; David Scott, historical painter, 1849; Sir Henry Creswicke Rawlinson, soldier and Orientalist, 1895; Felice Carlo Emmanuele Cavalotti, anti- monarchist journalist, killed in a duel 1898; Alfredo Casella, composer, 1947; Edward Lee Masters, novelist and poet, 1950; Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev, composer, 1953; Joseph Stalin (Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili), Russian leader, 1953; William Cameron Menzies, film director, 1957; Anna Akhmatova (Anna Andreyevna Gorenko), poet, 1966; Mohammad Mosaddeq, politician, 1967; E.Y. "Yip" Harburg (Isidore Hochberg), composer, killed in a car crash, 1981; Tito Gobbi, baritone, 1984; William Powell, actor, 1984.
On this day: the foundation stone of New College, Oxford, was laid, 1397; soldiers fought civilians at Boston, Massachusetts, in the Boston Massacre, 1770; Covent Garden Theatre, London, was destroyed by fire, 1856; civil disobedience in India ended, 1931; the Nazis made large gains in the German general election, 1933; the Battle of the Bismarck Sea ended, 1943; Winston Churchill made a speech at Fulton, Missouri, referring to an "Iron Curtain" across Europe, 1946.
Today is the Feast Day of Saints Adrian and Eubulus, St Eusebius of Cremona, St Gerasimus, St John Joseph of the Cross, St Kieran of Saighir, St Phocas of Antioch, St Piran and St Virgil of Arles.
Watch the new House of Cards series three trailerTV
Oscars 2015It was the first time Barney has compered the Academy Awards
Oscars 2015 From Meryl Streep whooping Patricia Arquette's equality speech to Chris Pine in tears
Oscars 2015 Mexican filmmaker uses speech to urge 'respect' for immigrants
TV ReviewThe intrigue deepens as we delve further but don't expect any answers just yet
Razzies 2015 Golden Raspberry Awards 'honours' Cameron Diaz and Kirk Cameron
Arts & Ents blogs
- 1 Home Office says Nigerian asylum-seeker can’t be a lesbian as she’s got children
- 2 What happens to your body when you give up sugar?
- 3 Drugs Live cannabis trial: Hash is less harmful than any other drug, expert claims
- 4 Turkish Airlines flight TK 726 crash-lands on Nepal runway amid dense fog
- 5 Apple and Google users being spied on for a decade because of 'Freak' security flaw
Glastonbury 2015: Coldplay will not headline but Florence Welch might play, says Emily Eavis
Kurt Cobain's life and death: Montage of Heck film uses unseen footage to tell Nirvana frontman's story
Mal Peet dead at 67: Tributes to children's author who was 'universally adored'
Fifty Shades of Grey movie shows first sex scene 'after 40 minutes'
Drugs Live: Twitter responds to Jon Snow and Jennie Bond smoking cannabis
'Jihadi John': CAGE representative storms off Sky News accusing Kay Burley of Islamophobia
Nearly 100,000 of Britain's poorest children go hungry after parents' benefits are cut
Durham Free School: 'Creationism taught at' free school facing closure
Ukip would cut billions from Scottish budget to fund English tax cuts
End of the licence fee: BBC to back radical overhaul of how it is funded
Ukraine crisis: Top Chinese diplomat backs Putin and says West should 'abandon zero-sum mentality'