Saturday 24 April 1999
Births: William the Silent, Prince of Orange, 1533; Edmund Cartwright, inventor of the power loom, 1743; Anthony Trollope, writer and inventor of the pillar box, 1815; Henri-Philippe Petain, soldier and French leader, 1856; Arthur Christopher Benson, scholar and writer, 1862; Sir Richard Stafford Cripps, lawyer, diplomat and statesman, 1889; William Joyce ("Lord Haw-Haw"), collaborator with the Nazis, 1906.
Deaths: Daniel Defoe, writer, 1731; Willa Cather, novelist, 1947; Bill (William John) Edrich, cricketer, 1986; The Duchess of Windsor (Wallis Warfield), 1986.
On this day: Mary, Queen of Scots, aged 16, married the Dauphin of France, 1558; the words and music of the "Marseillaise" were composed by Rouget de Lisle, 1792; the Library of Congress was established, 1800; the Garrick Theatre, London, opened, 1889; Joshua Slocum set sail from Boston, Massachusetts, US, on the first solo round-the-world voyage, 1895; Spain declared war on the United States, 1898; the first issue of the Daily Express appeared, 1900; the Republican insurrection in Ireland known as the Easter Rising occurred, Easter Monday 1916; in the German general election, Nazis won many seats in large cities, 1932; the first performance of the musical Man of La Mancha was presented, London 1968; the Gambia was proclaimed a republic, 1970.
Today is the Feast Day of St Egbert, St Fidelis of Sigmaringen, St Ives or Ivo, St Mary Euphrasia Pelletier, St Mellitus of Canterbury and St William Firmatus.
Births: (St) Louis IX, King of France, 1214; King Edward II, 1284; Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of England, 1599; Sir Marc Isambard Brunel, engineer and inventor, 1769; John Keble, Anglican priest and founder-member of the Oxford Movement, 1792; Charles Burgess Fry, cricketer and writer, 1872; Walter de la Mare, poet and novelist, 1873; Guglielmo Marconi, radio pioneer, 1874; Edward (Egbert) Roscoe Murrow, broadcaster and journalist, 1908; Ella Fitzgerald, singer, 1917.
Deaths: Leon Battista degli Alberti, architect, sculptor, writer and musician, 1472; Margaret of Anjou, Queen, wife of Henry VI, 1482; Torquato Tasso, poet, 1595; David Teniers the Younger, painter, 1690; Anders Celsius, inventor of the centigrade thermometer, 1744; William Cowper, poet, 1800; Gertie Millar (Countess of Dudley), musical comedy actress, 1952; Joseph Hergesheimer, novelist, 1954; Sir Carol Reed, film director, 1976; Dame Celia Johnson, actress, 1982; Ginger Rogers (Virginia Katherine McMath), actress and dancer, 1995.
On this day: the Dutch defeated the Spanish in the Bay of Gibraltar, 1607; a Convention Parliament met and voted for the restoration of Charles II, 1660; the guillotine was first erected in Paris, 1792; construction of the Suez Canal began, 1859; the US declared war on Spain, 1898; British, French, Australian and New Zealand forces landed at the Gallipoli peninsula, Turkey, 1915; Puccini's opera Turandot was first performed, Milan 1926; the BBC radio serial The Dales ended after 21 years and over 5,400 episodes, 1969; in Portugal, a military junta deposed the government, president and prime minister, 1974; the West German embassy in Stockholm was blown up by terrorists and two people shot, 1975; Portugal held its first free elections for 50 years, 1975.
Tomorrow is Anzac Day and the Feast Day of St Anianus of Alexandria, St Heribald and St Mark the Evangelist.
To mark Tolstoy's 186th birthdaybooks
Arts & Ents blogs
- 1 Amy Winehouse statue unveiled in Camden
- 2 Lego breaks out of the toy box and heads for the gallery
- 3 George Galloway on Scottish independence: The political class is doing what Hitler couldn’t – destroying Britain
- 4 Headaches, fry ups, and hair of the dog - why do we get hangovers, and is there such thing as a 'cure'?
- 5 A bottle of wine a day is not bad for you and abstaining is worse than drinking, scientist claims
George Galloway on Scottish independence: The political class is doing what Hitler couldn’t – destroying Britain
Daniele Watts: Django Unchained actress detained in Los Angeles after being mistaken for a prostitute
Scottish independence: Nationalist leader Jim Sillars threatens pro-union companies with 'day of reckoning' after independence
Scottish independence: Yes campaign feels the heat as Alex Salmond's NHS claims come under furious attack
Scottish independence: Britain faces 'constitutional crisis' at next election
£23m Birmingham cycle scheme is attacked by Tory councillor for not catering to the elderly