Friday 07 May 1999
Deaths: Johann Jacob Froberger, composer, 1667; Caspar David Friedrich, landscape painter, 1840; Thomas Barnes, editor of The Times, 1841; Henry Peter, first Baron Brougham, statesman and lawyer, 1868; Samuel Cousins, mezzotint engraver, 1887; James Nasmyth, engineer and inventor of the steam hammer, 1890; William Hesketh Lever, first Viscount Leverhulme, soap millionaire, 1925; Paul Doumer, French president, assassinated by the Russian Paul Gorgoulov 1932; George Lansbury, leader of the Labour Party, 1940; Sir James George Frazer, anthropologist, author of The Golden Bough, 1941; Paul Felix Weingartner, composer and conductor, 1942; Max Miller, comedian, 1963; John Masters, novelist, 1983; Dawn Addams, actress, 1985.
On this day: the first Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, opened in London, 1663; HMS Victory, Nelson's flagship, was launched at Chatham, 1765; Greece was proclaimed an independent kingdom, 1832; the Battle of Spotsylvania began during the American Civil War, 1864; the Soufriere volcano, St Vincent, erupted, killing over 1,000 people, 1902; the Cunard liner Lusitania was sunk by a German submarine, with a total of 1,198 lives lost, 1915; the qualifying age of women voters was reduced from 30 to 21 (the "Flappers' Vote"), 1928; Neville Chamberlain resigned as Prime Minister, 1940; Germany surrendered unconditionally to the Allies, 1945; the Western European Union Council held its inaugural meeting, 1955; the new High Altar in St Paul's Cathedral was dedicated as a Commonwealth War Memorial, 1958; Leonid Brezhnev became chief of state of the Soviet Union, 1960.
Today is the Feast Day of St Domitian of Maestricht, St John of Beverley, St Letard or Liudhard and Saints Serenicus and Serenus.
Children's bookseller wins The Independent's new author search
Arts & Ents blogs
- 1 Marijuana use by teenagers does not result in a lower IQ or worse exam results, study finds
- 2 Watch what happened when food critics were unknowingly served McDonald's
- 3 Jimmy Carr's controversial Oscar Pistorius joke goes too far at the Q Awards
- 4 Australian café owner sparks debate after saying 'No' to having unruly children on premises
- 5 NHS staff banned from drinking tea or coffee on the job because it looks like they're not working hard enough
MOBO Awards 2014: Jess Glynne hits back at 'ridiculous' criticism of nominated white artists
American Horror Story season 4, Fox - review: Silly, sensational and sensitive
The Apprentice 2014: Nurun Ahmed and Lindsay Booth fired in double elimination
MOBO Awards 2014: Sam Smith sweeps the board with four gongs
The Apprentice, episode 3 - review: Lord Sugar hacks away at the deadwood with double elimination
Of course, teenage girls need role models – but not like beauty vlogger Zoella
Cameron is warned 'no possibility' of UK reducing immigration and that bid to bring in quota on migrant workers would be illegal
Support for EU membership 'at highest level since 1991' with most Brits wanting to stay 'in'
Thousands with degenerative conditions classified as 'fit to work in future' – despite no possibility of improvement
Residents should throw a street party and mix with immigrant neighbours, councils told
Russell Brand threatened with arrest after filming outside Fox News headquarters