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The Independent Culture

Births: Edward Jenner, surgeon and discoverer of vaccination, 1749; Erik Satie (Alfred Erik Leslie-Satie), composer, 1866; Dennis Brain, horn- player, 1921; Dennis Christopher George Potter, playwright and scriptwriter, 1935.

Deaths: Sandro Botticelli (Alessandro di Mariano dei Filipepi), painter, 1510; Catherine I, Empress of Russia, 1727; Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand- Perigord, French statesman, 1838; John Selwyn Brooke Selwyn-Lloyd, Baron, former Speaker of the House of Commons, 1978; Lord Cudlipp of Aldingbourne (Hubert Kinsman Cudlipp), newspaperman, 1998.

On this day: the Revised Version of the New Testament was issued, 1881; the first regular weekly comic paper, Comic Cuts, was issued by Alfred Harmsworth (later Lord Northcliffe), 1890; the foundation stone of the Victoria and Albert Museum was laid by Queen Victoria, 1899; Mafeking, under siege by the Boers, was relieved by Colonel Plumer, 1900; the first flight by KLM (Koninklijke-Luchtvaart-Maatschappij) was made, 1920; Chiang Kai-shek was made supreme war lord in Canton, 1926; Germany invaded France, 1940; the United States Supreme Court ruled that segregation in public schools was unconstitutional, 1954.

Today is the Feast Day of St Bruno of Wurzburg, St Madron or Madern and St Paschal Baylon.