Deaths: John Fletcher, playwright, 1625; John Lilburne, pamphleteer and reformer, leader of the "Levellers", 1657; Edmond Hoyle, writer on card-playing, 1769; Joseph Wright (of Derby), painter, 1797; Pope Pius VI, 1799; Sir Charles James Napier, soldier and statesman, 1853; William Brockedon, painter, writer and inventor, 1854; Felicien-Cesar David, composer, 1876; Brigham Young, Mormon leader, 1877; Arthur Melville, painter, 1904; The Rev William Archibald Spooner, perpetrator of "Spoonerisms", 1930; Sir Philip Magnus Bt, educationist and mathematician, 1933; Astrid, Queen Consort of the Belgians, in a road accident 1935; Boris III, Tsar of Bulgaria, 1943; Cesare Pavese, novelist and translator, 1950; Vicki (Hedwig) Baum, novelist, 1960; Hazza El-Majali, prime minister of Jordan, assassinated 1960; Eamon de Valera, statesman, 1975; Ingrid Bergman, actress, 1982; Lee Marvin, actor, 1987; Mary Pearson Norton, children's author (of The Borrowers), 1992.
On this day: the Spanish fleet was defeated by Edward III at Winchelsea, 1350; HMS Royal George sank off Spithead while at anchor, with the loss of over 900 lives, 1782; Michael Faraday discovered the induction of electric currents, 1831; the Factory Act, regulating the employment of children, was passed, 1833; the city of Melbourne, Australia, was founded, 1835; the Treaty of Nanking was signed, ending the Anglo-Chinese war, and agreeing the lease of the Hong Kong territories to Britain, 1842; Royalist troops defeated and captured Garibaldi at the Battle of Aspromonte, 1862; the Sporting Times published an "obituary" for English cricket, and first mentioned "the Ashes", 1882; the Rugby League (originally "Northern Union"), was formed from 21 clubs in the North of England, 1895; the Graf Zeppelin completed its tour of the world, 1929; the Soviet Union exploded a hydrogen bomb, 1953.
Today is the Feast Day of St Edwold of Cerne, St Medericus or Merry, St Sabina of Rome and the Beheading of John the Baptist.
TOMORROW: Births: Pedro the Cruel, King of Castile and Leon, 1334; Jacques- Louis David, painter, 1748; Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, novelist and creator of Frankenstein's monster, 1797; Adolf Friedrich Hesse, composer, 1809; Friedrich Ratzel, geographer, 1844; Joseph Mallaby Dent, publisher, 1849; Raymond Massey, actor, 1896; Fred MacMurray, actor, 1908; Joan Blondell, actress, 1909.
Deaths: Cleopatra, Queen of Egypt, committed suicide 30 BC; Theodoric the Great, king of the Ostrogoths in Italy, 526; Francis Baily, astronomer, 1844; Feargus Edward O'Connor, Chartist leader, 1855; Gilbert Abbott a Beckett, comic writer and playwright, 1856; Admiral Sir John Ross, explorer, 1856; John Francis, sculptor, 1861; Dr James Collis Browne, inventor of "Chlorodyne", 1884; Thomas Thornycroft, sculptor, 1885; Georges-Eugene Sorel, socialist thinker, 1922; Wilhelm Wien, physicist, 1928; Henri Barbusse, novelist and editor, 1935; Sir Joseph John Thomson, physicist, 1940; Lindsay Gordon Anderson, film, television and theatre director, 1994.
On this day: Frederick II of Prussia was defeated by the French at Johannisberg, 1762; the first British tram service began, Birkenhead, 1860; the vacuum cleaner was patented by Hubert Cecil Booth, 1901; Alberta became a province of Canada, 1905; Paul von Hindenburg became chief of the general staff of Germany, 1916; the siege of Leningrad began, 1941; Soviet troops entered Bucharest, Romania, 1944.
Tomorrow is the Feast Day of St Fantinus, Saints Felix and Adauctus, St Margaret Ward, St Pammachius and St Ruan or Rumon.Reuse content