Wednesday 21 October 1998
Deaths: Pietro Aretino, satirist, 1556; Julius Caesar Scaliger (Bordon), philosopher and scientist, 1558; Edmund Waller, poet, 1687; Samuel Foote, actor and playwright, 1777; Horatio, first Viscount Nelson, killed at Trafalgar 1805; George Frederick Bodley, architect, 1907; Count Carl Sturghk, Austrian prime minister, assassinated by Friedrich Adler, a social democrat, 1916; Arthur Schnitzler, playwright and novelist, 1931; Ejnar Hertzprung, astronomer, 1967; Jack (Jean-Louis Lebris de) Kerouac, poet and novelist, 1969; Bob Todd, actor, 1992; Burt Lancaster (Burton Stephen Lancaster), actor, 1994.
On this day: the Spanish fleet was defeated by the Dutch admiral Maarten Tromp, 1639; the Franco-Spanish fleet was defeated at the Battle of Trafalgar, 1805; Joseph Aspdin patented Portland cement, 1824; Offenbach's opera Orpheus in the Underworld was first produced, Paris, 1858; a severe earthquake was experienced in San Francisco, 1868; Alberto Santos Dumont flew an airship around the Eiffel Tower, Paris, 1901; Chinese forces occupied Tibet, 1950; the first British nuclear submarine, HMS Dreadnought, was launched, 1960; 140 lives were lost at Aberfan, South Wales, occurred, when a slag heap collapsed on the village, 1966.
Today is the Feast Day of St Condedus, St Fintan or Munnu of Taghmon, St Hilarion, St John of Bridlington, St Malchus and St Tuda.
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Arts & Ents blogs
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- 3 Sofyen Belamouadden murder: The inside story of a crime that horrified Britain
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- 5 UK weather: Britain braced for snow to replace sun as arctic air mass moves in
Broadchurch series 3: David Tennant and Olivia Colman to return for third season, ITV confirms
Poldark, series 1 finale, review: How a costume drama became a Sunday night swoon-fest
Al Pacino admits he was nearly fired from The Godfather and it's still his most 'difficult role'
Warner Music owner Len Blavatnik tops Sunday Times Rich List
Game of Thrones season 5 episode 3, review: Sansa and manhood-lopping torturer Ramsay Bolton - really?
General Election 2015: Chuka Umunna on the benefits of immigration, humility – and his leader Ed Miliband
The sickening truth about food banks that the Tories don't want you to know
Migrant boat disaster: Ukip candidate mocks victims in sickening Twitter post
Nigel Farage wants the BBC to stop making programmes like Doctor Who, Strictly Come Dancing, and Top Gear
Global warming: Scientists say temperatures could rise by 6C by 2100 and call for action ahead of UN meeting in Paris
General Election 2015: Britain would become a 'communist dictatorship' under Ed Miliband and Nicola Sturgeon, claims wife of Michael Gove