Wednesday 21 October 1998
Deaths: Pietro Aretino, satirist, 1556; Julius Caesar Scaliger (Bordon), philosopher and scientist, 1558; Edmund Waller, poet, 1687; Samuel Foote, actor and playwright, 1777; Horatio, first Viscount Nelson, killed at Trafalgar 1805; George Frederick Bodley, architect, 1907; Count Carl Sturghk, Austrian prime minister, assassinated by Friedrich Adler, a social democrat, 1916; Arthur Schnitzler, playwright and novelist, 1931; Ejnar Hertzprung, astronomer, 1967; Jack (Jean-Louis Lebris de) Kerouac, poet and novelist, 1969; Bob Todd, actor, 1992; Burt Lancaster (Burton Stephen Lancaster), actor, 1994.
On this day: the Spanish fleet was defeated by the Dutch admiral Maarten Tromp, 1639; the Franco-Spanish fleet was defeated at the Battle of Trafalgar, 1805; Joseph Aspdin patented Portland cement, 1824; Offenbach's opera Orpheus in the Underworld was first produced, Paris, 1858; a severe earthquake was experienced in San Francisco, 1868; Alberto Santos Dumont flew an airship around the Eiffel Tower, Paris, 1901; Chinese forces occupied Tibet, 1950; the first British nuclear submarine, HMS Dreadnought, was launched, 1960; 140 lives were lost at Aberfan, South Wales, occurred, when a slag heap collapsed on the village, 1966.
Today is the Feast Day of St Condedus, St Fintan or Munnu of Taghmon, St Hilarion, St John of Bridlington, St Malchus and St Tuda.
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- 2 President Obama leaves touching comment on Humans of New York photo from Iran
- 3 If these extraordinarily powerful images of a dead Syrian child washed up on a beach don't change Europe's attitude to refugees, what will?
- 4 The Chinese city where men have 'three girlfriends because there are so many women'
- 5 'Heartbreaking' Syria orphan photo wasn't taken in Syria and not of orphan
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Make your voice heard: Sign The Independent's petition to welcome refugees