Anniversaries

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The Independent Culture
Births: Nero, Roman emperor, AD 37; David Teniers the Younger, painter, 1610; George Romney, portrait painter, 1734; Charles Cowden Clarke, Shakespearean scholar, 1787; Jerome Bonaparte, King of Westphalia, youngest brother of Napoleon, 1784; Henry Fothergill Chorley, music critic, librettist and writer, 1808; Alexandre-Gustave Eiffel, engineer, 1832; Sir Alfred East, painter and etcher, 1849; Antoine- Henri Becquerel, physicist, 1852; Dr Lazarus Ludovic Zamenhof, oculist and creator of Esperanto, 1859; Maxwell Anderson, playwright, 1888; Jean Paul Getty, multi- millionaire, 1892; General Sir Miles Christopher Dempsey, 1896.

Deaths: Haakon IV, King of Norway, 1263; Jan Vermeer (Jan van der Meer van Delft), painter, 1675; Isaak Walton, author of The Compleat Angler, 1683; Giuseppe Bossi, painter, 1816; Georg Friedrich Grotefend, classical scholar, 1853; Sir George Cayley, aeronautics pioneer, 1857; Chief Sitting Bull, Sioux Indian leader, killed 1890; Francisco Tarrega, composer, 1909; Thomas Wright "Fats" Waller, jazz pianist, 1943; Arthur Llewellyn Jones Machen, writer, 1947; Wolfgang Pauli, physicist, 1958; Charles Laughton, actor, 1962; Walter Elias Disney, cartoonist and creator of Mickey Mouse, 1966.

On this day: the first meteorological recordings were begun in Tuscany, 1654; the states of the American union ratified the Bill of Rights, 1791; the remains of Emperor Napoleon were interred at Les Invalides, Paris, 1840; the Piccadilly Underground station in London was opened, 1906; the seven-masted schooner Thomas W. Lawson was lost in the English Channel, 1907; the Battle of Verdun ended, with 700,000 dead (338,000 German, 364,000 Allied soldiers), 1916; the first television play in Britain, Box and Cox, was transmitted, 1928; the Commonwealth of the Philippines was inaugurated, 1935; the premiere of the film Gone With the Wind took place at Atlanta, Georgia, 1939; the General Assembly of the United Nations voted to admit the Chinese People's Republic, 1961; in Israel, Adolf Eichmann was found guilty of crimes against the Jewish people, 1961; the first production of the musical show Charlie Girl took place in London, 1965; food riots broke out in Poland, 1970; John Paul Getty III was released by kidnappers who had held him for five months and cut off his ear, 1973.

Today is the Feast Day of St Mary di Rosa, St Nino, St Paul of Latros and St Valerian.

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