How long are skyscrapers built to last?

For skyscrapers, the predominant loading mechanism likely to cause failure is typically lateral loading in the form of windstorms or earthquakes, depending on the specific location. For example, in the US, buildings on the West Coast are typically controlled by seismic (earthquake) loading while the East Coast is controlled by windstorms, including hurricanes.

Pritzker Architecture Prize: Winner of 'Nobel Prize' of architecture feared society is ignoring ecological crisis, says daughter

Christine Kanstinger said her father hoped world took notice before it was 'too late'

Pritzker Architecture Prize: Late Frei Otto honoured at 'Nobel Prize of architecture' event in Miami

German died just days before award was announced earlier this year

Prince Charles 'black spider' letters released: Heir to throne urged charity to save Smithfield Market buildings from demolition

The chairman of English Heritage received the letter from Charles in 2005

The Royal Academy of Arts designs by architect Sir David Chipperfield

David Chipperfield's £50 million redesign of The Royal Academy of Arts unveiled

The architect is leading a 250th anniversary redevelopment which will link its two premises for the first time

Unité d'Habitation

Le Corbusier in France: On the trail of a controversial concrete king

Fifty years after his death, Le Corbusier's creations are as exciting as ever. Christopher Beanland visits two of the best in Marseille and Beaujolais

Peter Murray at the park with works by Henry Moore

Founder of Yorkshire Sculpture Park Peter Murray: ‘You can’t build a Northern Powerhouse if arts and culture are ignored’

He has grown the place from nothing to become museum of the year - now he appeals for the region to receive its fair share of arts cash

The Volkshalle: Dome designed by Albert Speer to be 16 times larger than that of St Peter's

The Top Ten: Unrealised and unfinished buildings

This list has been under construction for so long that I have forgotten whose idea it was originally. But now, unlike the buildings on it, it is complete.

Playing to the gallery: the Whitney Museum of American Art will house 600 works when it opens

Whitney Museum of American Art: Renzo Piano's picture palace is a new architectural icon

New York's rebuilt Whitney Museum, designed by the Shard's architect, is a unique home for American art, writes Jay Merrick

Guitar hero: Johnny Marr

The Smiths' guitarist Johnny Marr writes song celebrating brutalist tower block in Manchester

The musician has revealed his love of architecture as the new patron of the Manchester Modernist Society

This comes just days after Sir David distanced himself from one of his latest creations, Milan’s £44m Museum of Culture, which will open later this month.

David Chipperfield: Architect's controversial designs for a £125m Nobel Center in Stockholm could be scrapped

His eight storey building has been attacked by politicians and museum bosses as a threat to the historic heart of the city

An installation at Milan’s Museum of Culture, previewed ahead of its opening on 26 April

David Chipperfield hits the roof about his Milan museum’s floor

Mr Chipperfield said that 'the laying of stone of poor quality' at Milan's new Museum of Culture transformed the building into 'a museum of horrors'

Edinburgh’s Old Royal High School has fallen into disrepair

Old Royal High School in Edinburgh: Developers plans for building have conservationists livid

Conservationists believe that plans to add two modernist-style wings while turning it into a luxury 'arts hotel' was akin to giving it 'Mickey Mouse' ears

The buildings, infrastructure and agriculture of Tristan need to be rebuilt if the island is to have a sustainable future

Wanted: architect to redesign remote island homes (sorry, site visit not possible)

Tristan da Cunha is about to be rebuilt for a sustainable future

Shelf life: Oxford’s new Weston Library

Oxford's New Bodleian Library has had a radical modernist makeover

It’s a breath of fresh air, discovers Jay Merrick

Arts and Entertainment
Performers drink tea at the Glastonbury festival in 2010

GlastonburyWI to make debut appearance at Somerset festival

Arts and Entertainment
Lena Headey as Cersei Lannister

TV reviewIt has taken seven episodes for Game of Thrones season five to hit its stride

Arts and Entertainment
Jesuthasan Antonythasan as Dheepan

FilmPalme d'Or goes to radical and astonishing film that turns conventional thinking about immigrants on its head

Arts and Entertainment
Måns Zelmerlöw performing

Eurovision
Arts and Entertainment
Graham Norton was back in the commentating seat for Eurovision 2015

Eurovision
Arts and Entertainment
Richard Hammond, Jeremy Clarkson and James May on stage

TV
Arts and Entertainment
Fearne Cotton is leaving Radio 1 after a decade

radio
Arts and Entertainment
The light stuff: Britt Robertson and George Clooney in ‘Tomorrowland: a World Beyond’
film review
Arts and Entertainment
Reawakening: can Jon Hamm’s Don Draper find enlightenment in the final ‘Mad Men’?
tv reviewNot quite, but it's an enlightening finale for Don Draper spoiler alert
Arts and Entertainment
Breakfast Show’s Nick Grimshaw

Radio
Arts and Entertainment

Eurovision
Arts and Entertainment
'Youth' cast members Paul Dano, Jane Fonda, Harvey Keitel, Rachel Weisz, and Michael Caine pose for photographers at Cannes Film Festival
film
Arts and Entertainment
Adam West as Batman and Burt Ward and Robin in the 1960s Batman TV show

Comics
Arts and Entertainment
I am flute: Azeem Ward and his now-famous instrument
music
Arts and Entertainment
A glass act: Dr Chris van Tulleken (left) and twin Xand get set for their drinking challenge
TV review
Arts and Entertainment
MIA perform at Lovebox 2014 in London Fields, Hackney

music
Arts and Entertainment
Finnish punk band PKN hope to enter Eurovision 2015 and raise awareness for Down's Syndrome

eurovision
Arts and Entertainment
William Shakespeare on the cover of John Gerard's The Herball or Generall Historie of Plantes

books
Arts and Entertainment

Game of Thrones review
Arts and Entertainment
Grayson Perry dedicates his Essex home to Julie

Potter's attempt to create an Essex Taj Mahal was a lovely treat

tv
Arts and Entertainment
A scene from the original Swedish version of the sci-fi TV drama ‘Real Humans’
tv
Arts and Entertainment
Hugh Keays-Byrne plays Immortan Joe, the terrifying gang leader, in the new film
filmActor who played Toecutter returns - but as a different villain in reboot
Arts and Entertainment
Charlize Theron as Imperator Furiosa in Mad Max: Fury Road
film
Arts and Entertainment
Jessica Hynes in W1A
tvReview: Perhaps the creators of W1A should lay off the copy and paste function spoiler alert
Arts and Entertainment
Power play: Mitsuko Uchida in concert

classical
Arts and Entertainment
Dangerous liaisons: Dominic West, Jake Richard Siciliano, Maura Tierney and Leya Catlett in ‘The Affair’ – a contradictory drama but one which is sure to reel the viewers in
TV review
Arts and Entertainment
Richard Herring, pictured performing at the Edinburgh Fringe Festival two years ago
comedy
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    End of the Aussie brain drain

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    Australia, a nation of kitsch-worshippers, has always loved the Eurovision Song Contest. Maggie Alderson says it'll fit in fine