Pioneering German architect Frei Otto has died aged 89 just a day before he was announced as the recipient of this year’s prestigious Pritzker Prize.
The creator of extraordinary lightweight and flowing roof designs for stadiums such as the Munich Olympic Park, Otto had been informed he had won the architecture prize, but the official announcement was not due until today.
Otto’s wife Ingrid, who lived with her husband in Leonberg near Stuttgart, said he died on Monday, two months before his 90th birthday.
He was perhaps best known for the Munich Olympic Park and the West German pavilion at the 1967 Expo in Montreal. The major body of his work focused on using light frames to support thin membranes.
Architecture of Frei Otto
Architecture of Frei Otto
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25 October 2006: two men in traditional costume of the southern German Allgaeu region carrying their alphorns as they walk on the futuristic acrylic roof of Munich's Olympic stadium. (EPA)
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Frei Otto during a press preview of the exhibition on his works in the Munich, southern Germany, Pinakothek der Moderne museum. (AP)
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Photo dated 05 August 2002 of two volunteers preparing the long jump pitch in Munich's Olympic stadium on the eve of the European Championships in Athletics in Munich. (EPA)
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Photo dated 24 June 2006 of the old Olympic Stadium being a public viewing area where some 10,000 fans were watching the football World Cup match between Germany and Sweden in Munich, Germany. (EPA)
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Olympic stadium in the Olympic park in Munich, southern Germany. The architect of the lightweight roof was Frei Otto. (AP)
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Olympic stadium (front) with the television tower in the background in Munich, Germany (AP)
He founded the Institute for Lightweight Structures at the University of Stuttgart in 1964, and headed it until his retirement as a professor in 1991.
The university said Otto's work had "led to many new insights and perspectives" in architecture and design still being used today.
"Frei Otto was a fundamental influence on 20th century architecture," the school said.
Born in Siegmar, Germany, on May 31, 1925, Otto was called up for military service during World War II and initially went into pilot training before being diverted at the end of the war to serve as a soldier.
His Pritzker Prize citation said his designs were a stark contrast to the "heavy, columned, stone and masonry" architecture preferred by Nazi Germany when he was growing up.
"Otto's work was lightweight, open to nature and natural light, non-hierarchical, democratic, low-cost, energy-efficient, and sometimes designed to be temporary," the citation said.
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