Are You Sitting Comfortably?
Sunday 29 March 1998
Why? Because this month marks the 125th birthday of the Thomas Cook European Train Timetable, an encyclopaedic work vital to anyone prone to asking questions like: "Should we pass through Amiens? Or should we change at Ventimiglia for the train to Pisa? And does the train from Bydgoszcz to Olsztyn carry second-class couchettes?"
As someone who has spent much of the last 20 years trundling along the rails of Europe taking pictures out of carriage windows, Garnham has been much occupied with such matters. He is inspired by the thought that nothing ties Europe up more convincingly than its network of rail tracks, which extends from Spain in the west to the Urals in the east. "You can be looking out of the train in rural Transylvania at an old man riding a donkey," he explains. "And then you'll realise that you are travelling on the same network as the high-speed service from Paris-to-Lyon. Or Barcelona- to-Madrid. Or Oslo- to-Copenhagen. It's like watching moving pictures."
Unbroken journeys connecting different parts of the continent are still highly feasible. The Thomas Cook timetable lists Brussels to Moscow on page 60, Malmo to Budapest on page 74, Dortmund to Florence on page 81 and Moscow to Thessaloniki on page 92.
It's border crossings that give these trips half their flavour. The Berlin Wall may have gone, but travelling east can still produce a suitably sinister tone, with barking Polish passport officers bursting in at the very moment you have finally managed to nod off to sleep, followed - as soon as you think it is safe to turn out the light - by their barking Ukrainian counterparts.
But on the rails, you do not just cross geographical borders. Clynt has also seen the changes in our trains reflecting the changes in our lives. "Take a look at the modern French and German trains, with their on-board telephones, airline-style seating, and silent air-conditioning," he says. "And then take at look at the east-European trains - slow, noisy things with friendly closed-compartment carriages."
Though friendly, these old carriages are sitting ducks for modern criminals, who can silently gas the compartments one by one before relieving the inhabitants of their belongings - one reason for their demise in the western part of the continent. But further east and south, the closed compartments live on. There it is: the conspiratorial arrangement of inward-facing seats, the black-and-white photographs of Swiss farmhouses, the Formica- topped table that slides out from under the window, always sticky with last week's vodka-spill. And there of course are the multi- lingual commands, phrased (depending on the country) as warnings, exhortations or pleas - not to lean out of the window, not to drink the water in the toilets or use the toilet when the train is in a station.
Which is another good measure of how things are changing. On SNCF trains these days the toilets - as fragrant, clean and private as the boudoir of a French society lady - have toilet paper, soap and razor sockets. You have to go further east to find flushing mechanisms comprised of a string which releases the contents of the toilet straight onto the tracks below. As for leaning out of the window - in the modern trains the windows don't even open anyway. So just stay in your seat. And watch the pictures. !
THE JAN PIETERSZ EXPRESS, GERMANY-HOLLAND
08.16 Koln-Dusseldorf-Duisburg-Oberhausen-Emmerich-Arnhem-Utrecht-Rotterdam 11.25
THE VERDI EXPRESS, ITALY-SWITZERLAND
11.25 Milano Centrale-Monza-Como-Chiasso-Mendrisio-Capolago-Lugano-Pellinzona- Biasca-Faida-Airolo-Luzern-Sursee-Zofingen-Basel SBB16.46
THE BULGARIA EXPRESS, BULGARIA
08.30 Sofija-Mezdra-Pleven-Gorna-Ruse-Silistra-Giurgiu-Bucaresti Nord 17.22
THE OST-WEST EXPRESS, GERMANY-POLAND
19.36 Koln-Dusseldorf-Duisberg-Essen-Dortmund-Bielefeld-Hannover-Magdeburg- Frankfurt-(oder)-Rzepin-Pozan-Warszawa Central 06.27
THE RHEIN SPRINTER EXPRESS, GERMANY
06.35 Munchen-Mannheim-Frankfurt HBF 10.50
THE REMBRANDT EXPRESS, SWITZERLAND
15.55 Basel SBB-Zurich-Thalwil-Pfaffikon-Ziegenbrucke-Saargans-Landquart- Chur-St Moritz 20.53
LONDON-AMSTERDAM VIA HARWICH
08.55 London Liverpool Street-Harwich International Port-Hoek Van Holland- Rotterdam- Den Haag-Amsterdam CS 17.28
THE LISINSKI EXPRESS, CROATIA
01.15 Villach West BF-Rosenbach-Jesenice-Lesen-Bled-Kranj-Ljubljana-Zidanimost- Dobova-Zagreb 08.35
TVJamie's Sugar Rush reveal's campaigning chef's new foe
Arts & Ents blogs
- 1 What marriage would look like if we actually followed the Bible
- 2 If these extraordinarily powerful images of a dead Syrian child washed up on a beach don't change Europe's attitude to refugees, what will?
- 3 The Chinese city where men have 'three girlfriends because there are so many women'
- 4 'Heartbreaking' Syria orphan photo wasn't taken in Syria and not of orphan
- 5 Orthorexia nervosa: How becoming obsessed with healthy eating can lead to malnutrition
Britain to take more refugees as Cameron bows to pressure after more than 250,000 back our campaign
Senior British politicians tell David Cameron: When dead children are being washed up on beaches – it's time to act
Jeremy Corbyn calls Osama bin Laden's killing a 'tragedy' - but was it taken out of context?
If these extraordinarily powerful images of a dead Syrian child washed up on a beach don't change Europe's attitude to refugees, what will?
If you're not already angry about the refugee crisis, here's a history lesson to remind you why you really should be
Make your voice heard: Sign The Independent's petition to welcome refugees