Britain's creative industries are lagging behind other sectors in the fight for gender equality with leading arts institutions suffering from a dearth of women in high-ranking positions, the Culture minister Margaret Hodge has warned.
Outlining the "huge challenge" facing the arts world, Ms Hodge said it had a "longer way to go than other industries" before it achieved sufficient diversity. Far too few women occupied positions in the boardrooms and non-executive positions of the country's top arts institutions, she added. "Ironically, this sector has a longer way to travel to really reflect diversity than other sectors," she said. "There is the challenge around women not just in executive positions but also in non-executive positions... We need to ensure barriers are removed."
Despite the notable exceptions of some women, including Jude Kelly, artistic director of the South Bank Centre, who have risen to leading positions in the arts world, almost all the key arts roles are occupied by men.
Ms Hodge's comments came as some of the industry's leading figures met at a review of the Cultural Leadership Programme, a £12m Government-backed initiative. Graham Devlin, who helped compile the review, said the arts world should "break down the... barriers to wider representation".
Several senior figures within performing and visual arts came out in support of Ms Hodge. Diane Lees, the director designate of the Imperial War Museum, who is also part of the Women Leaders in Museums Network, said not enough women made it to the top.
"There are huge numbers of women in the sector but they are not rising to the top or they were not previously rising to the top," she said. "It's about creating a welcoming environment. Because of the way globalisation and the way organisations are changing, there's a strong need for women's style of leadership which is about being consultative and having a more nurturing approach."
Sandy Nairne, director of the National Portrait Gallery, half of whose trustees are women, said: "We have a good number of senior women working in the museums sector and public galleries but not enough contribute as directors of the largest institutions."
Alistair Spalding, the artistic director of Sadler's Wells theatre, said keeping women in the industry was "10 times more difficult" due to expenses that came with motherhood, especially when it was difficult to survive at the early stages of a career where wages are low.
Chris Smith, the former culture secretary and the current director of the Clore Leadership Programme, called for more training programmes. "Part of the answer to the question [about lack of diversity] lies in investment in training," he said.
But Venu Dhupa, the British Council director of arts, said: "It's not about endless training courses but encouraging people to envision themselves in a position of authority, and being able to sustain that in a climate that does not always accommodate diversity."
10 men, two women – British art's most powerful
Andy Burnham, Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport
Nicholas Serota, Director of Tate Galleries (Tate Britain, Tate Modern, Tate Liverpool, Tate St Ives)
Neil MacGregor, Director of the British Museum
Vikki Heywood, Executive director of Royal Shakespeare Company
Jude Kelly, Artistic director of the South Bank Centre
Nicholas Penny, Director of the National Gallery
Charles Saumarez Smith, Chief executive of the Royal Academy
Chris Frayling, Chairman of The Arts Council
Nicholas Hytner, Artistic director of National Theatre
Tony Hall, Chief executive of Royal Opera House
Jonathan Mills, Director of the Edinburgh International Festival
Roger Wright, Director of The Proms music festival