1 Who said:
a) "A man who has not been to Italy is always conscious of an inferiority, from his not having seen what it is expected a man should see"?
b) "Travelling is the ruin of all happiness! There's no looking at a building here after seeing Italy."
c) "I travelled among unknown
men/in lands beyond the sea;/Nor, England ! did I know till then/What love I bore to thee."
d) "One of the pleasantest things in the World is to go on a journey; but I like to go by myself."
e) "I always begin a journey on Sundays, because I shall have the prayers of the church, to preserve all that travel by land or by water.
f) "I think there can be nothing more delightful than a daily walk over the Capitol ... In ancient times the Forum was to the city what the soul is to the body - the place in which is concentrated all the most powerful and the best. - In the evening I go there again with Shelley - and see it under the grey eye of twilight."
g) "While stands the Coliseum, Rome shall stand;/When falls the Coliseum, Rome shall fall,/And when Rome falls - the World."
2 One Irish-born novelist divided travellers into various kinds: the "idle, inquisitive, proud, splenetic, delinquent, felonious ..."
a) Who was he?
b) What was "the last of all (if you please)" on his list?
c) What is the first line of his book?
d) Where, despite his intention to tour Italy, does the hero end up?
e) Which fellow writer did he nickname "Smelfungus" because of the caustic tone of the latter's Travels in France and Italy?
3 Which English writer, without having visited Italy, created the villains Count Montoni and the monk Schedoni?
4 "Travelling makes my young Noble-man returne home againe like a blessing Sunn." Who wrote The Voyage of Italy (1670), the basic text and guide for the Grand Tour?
5 What were the tutors who accompanied the "Milordi" called?
6 By what means of transport did the early tourists usually cross the Alps, and how did they get their carriages over the mountains?
7 Who wrote this satire of a traveller's activities, and in which poem: "Led by my hand, he saunter'd Europe round,/And gather'd every Vice on Christian ground;// The Stews and Palace equally explor'd/Intrigu'd with glory, and with spirit whor'd ..."?
8 A member of the British royal family asked Zoffany to paint a "View of the Florence Gallery" (1772-7); it in fact showed "a flock of travelling boys, and one does not know or care whom". Who commissioned the painting, and who made this rude remark about it?
9 In 18th-century parlance, what was a Macaroni?
10 Name the female Venetian artist who made fashionable pastel portraits of milordi including Viscount Boyle and the 2nd Duke of Dorset.
THE CRAZE FOR CLASSICISM
11 Who wrote the influential book Reflections on the Painting and Sculpture of the Greeks in 1755?
12 Which English diplomat and collector was made a Fellow of the Royal Society after he monitored the 1765 eruption of Vesuvius by spending the night on the volcano?
13 Who wrote: "Curse these fig leaves; why is a round tin thing more decent than a cylindrical marble one?"
14 Who designed Egyptian-style wall decorations for the English Coffee House in Rome in 1768?
15 Which society was founded in 1732 for members who had been on the Grand Tour and shared a passion for Italian culture?
16 He hated Latin at school. His seminal six-volume history, completed in 1787, took 20 years. Who was he, and what is the book's title?
17 Which architect, known for Osterley and Syon House, was influenced by Hadrian's Villa?
18 Name three other well-known English architects of the 18th century who worked in the Italian style.
19 Which Englishman, who studied under Canova in Rome, went on to execute the tomb of Charles James Fox in Westminster Abbey?
20 "Ancient Rome" (left) was painted circa 1755 by Giovanni Paolo Panini
a) What is the name of the large building with a round roof and pillars on the centre right, two down from the Coliseum?
b) Where can the Laocoon, the famous sculpture on the lower right, usually be found?
c) Which building is the Temple of Sybil, Tivoli, sometimes called the Temple of Vesta?
d) What were the dates of Giovanni Paolo Panini?
e) What is the name of the sculpture of the man centre right?
f) In which museum (the first in Europe) is this work usually found?
21 The "Campo Iemini" Venus (far left) was found in Italy but she is thought to be Greek, of the mid 2nd century AD.
a) With which Greek female deity was Venus closely identified?
b) Name two of her mythological offspring.
22 The "Townley Dogs" (far left, bottom) will be re-united in the Tate's Grand Tour exhibition for the first time in 200 years with a matching group of two hounds found at the same site. Where is the other pair usually kept?
23 (left) Jacob Philipp Hackert's "Ruins of Pompeii" was painted in 1799.
a) In what year was the eruption of Vesuvius that buried Pompeii?
b) In what year was it rediscovered?
c) Who said of Pompeii: "Many disasters have befallen the world, but few have brought posterity so much joy"?
24 a) The picture below left was painted by 18th-century Rome's leading portrait painter: who was he?
b) Who is the man in the picture?
c) Name two of the four antique marbles in the picture.
2 `Grand Tour: The Lure of Italy in the Eighteenth Century', sponsored by Prudential, is at the Tate Gallery, Millbank, London SW1 from 10 Oct. 10am-5.50pm (2pm-5.50pm Sun); pounds 6 (pounds 3.50); bookings 0171 420 0000
First Prize: pounds 100 Waterstone's voucher plus a Tate Friends membership and a Grand Tour catalogue
Five runners-up: pounds 10 Waterstone's voucher, a Grand Tour catalogue and a pair of tickets to the exhibition
Entries to: Honor Wilson-Fletcher, Waterstone's, Capital Court, Capital Interchange Way, Brentford TW8 0EX
Closing date: 11 November 1996. Winners and answers will appear in the Sunday Review in December. All the usual rules apply.
SOME BOOKS TO NOTE
Grand Tour: The Lure of Italy in the Eighteenth Century ed Andrew Wilton & Illaria Bignamini, Tate Publications pounds 30 (pounds 25 at exhibition)
Venice and the Grand Tour by Bruce Redford, Yale pounds 20
Panorama of the Renaissance ed Margaret Aston, Thames & Hudson pounds 29.95
Florence by Michael Levey, Cape pounds 25
Vases & Volcanoes: Sir William Hamilton and His Collection by Ian Jenkins & Kim Sloan, British Museum Press pounds 25
Worldly Goods: A New History of the Renaissance by Lisa Jardine, Macmillan pounds 25
Romans: Their Lives & Times by Michael Sheridan, Phoenix pounds 6.99
Pompeii: The Day A City Died by Robert Etienne, New Horizons pounds 6.95
Palladio and Palladianism by Robert Tavernor, Thames & Hudson pounds 6.95Reuse content