Lost in exile: the class of '48
THE VORTEX FAMILY by Jean Metellus trs Michael Richardson, Peter Owen pounds 15.99
Sunday 31 March 1996
In the little town of Saltrou, Solon Vortex and his wife Olga welcome their children and grandchildren for Christmas. The family is a cross- section of the middle ranks in Haitian society: the eldest son, Edgard, is a prominent young officer, and his brothers Louis, Sylvain and Joseph are, respectively, a lecturer, a doctor and a priest. The only child not present is Astrid, a singer who is forced to live abroad because of the lyrics of her songs are unacceptable (though we are not told precisely why). Her exile only serves to make the family more representative of its country and its class, as well as presaging the fate of the other characters in the book.
In fact, as they assemble in Chapter One, they may seem too neatly emblematic of their class, particularly since Solon is a relatively uneducated man who has worked his way up through the civil service, and Olga looks back with pride to her Indian ancestry, a faint remnant of Haiti's vanished native population. But Jean Metellus manages to maintain a balance between story and allegory, particularly since the early chapters concentrate almost exclusively on personalities and family matters: births, quarrels, conversations, affairs; interspersed with poetic evocations of the landscape of the sea shore and the bustle of Port-au-Prince. Only with the overthrow of President Estime do the characters' actions start to acquire more general significance, as they respond in different ways to the threat of military dictatorship.
The tone of the book, as much as the society it describes and its ideological confrontations, is reminiscent of French writing of the 1950s - say, the novels of Roger Vailland - and an over-literal translation distances The Vortex Family from us still further, adding to the sense of a somehow arrested development. The late Forties and early Fifties were a time of intense intellectual activity in Haiti and debate on political questions, including those of language and culture - debates which the Duvalier regime was to stifle, imposing its own, narrow and oppressive version of negritude.
Metellus allows Louis Vortex to put the arguments in favour of a purely Haitian, Creole culture, and against foreign influences, but he does so in French, the language of a deposed elite who, because of their multilingualism, their international outlook and their awareness of European history, were to find it only too easy to settle abroad. The result, as the doctor, Sylvain, observes, is "a haemorrhage of talent and energy", and an immense loss to the land. Implicit in the language of the novel is an exile's awareness of lost opportunities and development unnaturally stalled.
GlastonburyWI to make debut appearance at Somerset festival
TV reviewIt has taken seven episodes for Game of Thrones season five to hit its stride
FilmPalme d'Or goes to radical and astonishing film that turns conventional thinking about immigrants on its head
Potter's attempt to create an Essex Taj Mahal was a lovely treattv
Arts & Ents blogs
- 1 Saudi Arabia mosque bombing: Two volunteer security guards hailed as heroes for stopping Isis suicide bomber reaching worshippers
- 2 Maisie Williams has an excellent message for one confused fan
- 3 There is something wrong but very right about this Bible illustration
- 4 Puerto Rico, island of lost dreams: People are leaving the debt-hit territory in droves as near neighbour Cuba's star rises
- 5 Tampon tax scrapped in Canada after petition convinces conservative government
Jay Z's Tidal could be about to lose Beyonce's music in ultimate humiliation
Britain's Got Talent 2015: Jamie Raven divides Twitter as fans expose mind-boggling magic trick
Thrill of the chaste: The truth about Gandhi's sex life
Big Brother 2015 new housemates: Simon Gross returns as stripper Marc O'Neill, model Harry Amelia Martin and X Factor reject Sam Kay join
Burning Man festival revellers accidentally torch prehistoric artefacts in Israel
EU referendum: David Cameron's rules are a 'democratic disgrace', says French-born Scottish politician set to be denied a vote
British tourists complain that impoverished boat migrants are making holidays 'awkward' in Kos
Migrants in Kos: Photos show real tragedy after Brits abroad complain of 'awkward' holidays
A nation of inequality: How the UK is failing to feed its most vulnerable people
Australian man punched in the face for defending Muslim women from abuse on train
David Starkey 'tells Amal Clooney to shut up and stop over-promoting human rights'