White: Mikhail Chigorin
Black: Wilhelm Steinitz
15th game, world title match, 1889
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4 Bxb4 5.c3
When this same Evans Gambit appeared in the Gunsberg-Steinitz match the following year, the champion - always a man of high principle - said, "if you are expecting me to continue with my own defence, then I shall do so." He promptly repeated the variation of the present game and lost in 24 moves. What a player!
5...Ba5 6.0-0 Qf6 7.d4 Nge7 8.d5 Nd8 9.Qa4 Bb6 10.Bg5 Qd6 11.Na3 c6 12.Rad1 Qb8 13.Bxe7 Kxe7 14.d6+ Kf8 15.Nxe5 (see diagram)
With his king a displaced person, and queen rook and bishop incarcerated on the Q-side, Black's game looks the picture of misery - which is when the fight really begins.
15...f6 16.Nf3 Bc5 17.e5!
A correct sacrifice. Maintaining the pawn on d6 is more important than defending against the threat of b5.
17...b5 18.Bxb5 cxb5 19.Nxb5 Ne6! 20.exf6 gxf6 21.Qh4 Kf7!
After 21...Qxb5? 22.Qxf6+ Kg8 23.Ne5, Black must surrender.
22.Qh5+ Kg8? 23.Qg4+? Kf7 24.Qh5+
Planning to meet 24...Kg8 with 25.Qe8+! Kg7 26.Qe7+ Kg8 27.Ne5! fxe5 28.Rd3, but Steinitz gives him no second chance.
White could not bring himself to take a draw with 25.Qg4+, letting Black get away with his extravagant play .
25...Bxd4 26.Nxd4 Rf8! 27.Rd3 Bb7 28.Nxe6+ dxe6 29.Rh3 Be4 30.Qg4+ Bg6
Finally, Black's defences are secure and he must win with his extra piece. He ends with a neat bank-rank mating flourish.
31.Qxe6 Qb6 32.Qd5 Rad8 33.Rd1 Rfe8 34.c4 Rxd6! 35.Qf3 Rd3! 36.Qg4 Re4! White resigned.