List of past Cannes best film winners

As the 63rd Cannes film festival prepares to open on Wednesday, here is a list of past winners of its top prize for best film.

Once known as the Grand Prix, from 1975 the top award has been the "Palme d'Or" or Golden Palm.

1939: No prize as the festival was halted after 48 hours by Hitler's invasion of Poland.

1946: 11 films shared the top prize, including:

"Open City" by Roberto Rossellini

"Maria Candelaria" by Emilio Fernandez

"Brief Encounter" by David Lean

"The Lost Weekend" by Billy Wilder

1947: Six prizes including:

"Les Maudits" by Rene Clement

"Ziegfeld Follies" by Vincente Minnelli

"Dumbo" by Walt Disney

1949: "The Third Man" by Carol Reed

1951: "Miracle In Milan" by Vittorio de Sica

"Miss Julie" by Alf Sjoberg

1952: "Othello" by Orson Welles

"Deux Sous d'Espoir" by Renato Castellani

1953: "The Wages of Fear" by Henri-Georges Clouzot

1954: "The Gate of Hell" (Jigokumon) by Teinosuke Kinugasa

1955: "Marty" by Delbert Mann

1956: "Le Monde du Silence" by Jacques-Yves Cousteau and Louis Malle

1957: "Friendly Persuasion" by William Wyler

1958: "The Cranes are Flying" by Mikhail Kalatoz

1959: "Black Orpheus" by Marcel Camus

1960: "La Dolce Vita" by Federico Fellini

1961: "Viridiana" by Luis Bunuel

"Une Aussi Longue Absence" by Henri Colpi

1962: "La Parole Donnee" by Anselmo Duarte

1963: "The Leopard" by Luchino Visconti

1964: "Les Parapluies de Cherbourg" by Jacques Demy

1965: "The Knack (...and How to Get It)" by Richard Lester

1966: "Un Homme et Une Femme" by Claude Lelouch

"Ces Messieurs Dames" (Signore e signori) by Pietro Germi

1967: "Blow-Up" by Michelangelo Antonioni

1969: "If" by Lindsay Anderson

1970: "M*A*S*H" by Robert Altman

1971: "The Go-Between" by Joseph Losey

1972: "The Working Class Goes to Heaven" by Elio Petri

"The Mattei Affair" by Francesco Rosi

1973: "Scarecrow" by Jerry Schatzberg

"The Hireling" by Alan Bridges

1974: "The Conversation" by Francis Ford Coppola

1975: "Chronique des Annees de Braise" by Mohammed Lakhdar-Hamina

1976: "Taxi Driver" by Martin Scorsese

1977: "Padre Padrone" by Paolo Taviani

1978: "The Tree of Wooden Clogs" by Ermanno Olmi

1979: "Apocalypse Now" by Francis Ford Coppola

"The Tin Drum" by Volker Schloendorff

1980: "Kagemusha" by Akira Kurosawa

"All That Jazz" by Bob Fosse

1981: "Man of Iron" by Andrzej Wajda

1982: "Missing" by Costa-Gavras

"Yol" by Yilmaz Guney

1983: "The Ballad of Narayama" by Shohei Imamura

1984: "Paris, Texas" by Wim Wenders

1985: "When Father Was Away on Business" by Emir Kusturica

1986: "The Mission" by Roland Joffe

1987: "Under the Sun of Satan" by Maurice Pialat

1988: "Pelle the Conqueror" by Bille August

1989: "Sex, Lies and Videotape" by Steven Soderbergh

1990: "Wild At Heart" by David Lynch

1991: "Barton Fink" by Joel and Ethan Coen

1992: "The Best Intentions" by Bille August

1993: "Farewell My Concubine" by Kaige Chen

"The Piano" by Jane Campion

1994: "Pulp Fiction" by Quentin Tarantino

1995: "Underground" by Emir Kusturica

1996: "Secrets & Lies" by Mike Leigh

1997: "The Eel" by Shohei Imamura

"Taste of Cherry" by Abbas Kiarostami

1998: "Eternity and a Day" by Theo Angelopoulos

1999: "Rosetta" by Jean-Pierre and Luc Dardenne

2000: "Dancer in the Dark" by Lars Von Trier

2001: "La Stanza del Figlio" by Nanni Moretti

2002: "The Pianist" by Roman Polanski

2003: "Elephant" by Gus Van Sant

2004: "Fahrenheit 9/11" by Michael Moore

2005: "L'Enfant" by Jean-Pierre Dardenne

2006: "The Wind That Shakes The Barley" by Ken Loach

2007: "4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days" by Cristian Mungui

2008: "The Class" by Laurent Cantet.

2009 "The White Ribbon" by Michael Haneke

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