Gardening: A rose by any other name

A specially bred variety of garden plant can become a living memorial.

A NEW rose, the `Caroline Clarke', goes on sale this autumn in the catalogue of Warley Rose Gardens. It has beautiful orange and pink flowers and is the only newly created rose in a collection of 400.

Caroline Clarke was murdered while on a backpacking trip in Australia in 1992. Her parents wanted a living memorial and an amateur breeder, Colin Horner, created the rose.

Caroline is one of hundreds of people - some, such as Michael Crawford, well known - who have been commemorated in the rose garden alone. Breeders can register new varieties through the National Rose Society, which will put details of colour, leaf characteristics, thorns and scent in an international database.

Registers exist for most types of cultivated plants. The Royal Horticultural Society at Wisley has nine lists, including delphiniums, daffodils and lilies, and they encourage breeders to register new plants, although there is no obligation to do so. They are now also trying to keep information about why a particular name is chosen, so it will no longer be necessary to consult a specialist book to find out that Mrs R O Backhouse, commemorated in a variety of daffodil was its breeder.

The naming of species and plant-types is regulated by an international system begun in 1753 by a Swedish botanist, Carolus Linnaeus. He classified all plants known at the time, giving them a genus name, usually written in capitals, and a species; each genus is also part of a wider family. The common daisy, for example, is described as Bellis perennis, and is part of the family known as Compositae.

At the instigation of Charles Darwin, a register was begun at Kew Gardens, called the Index Kewensis, which lists all known plant names.

When a botanist discovers a new species, he must choose a name for it to distinguish it from other plants of the same genus. The species name could refer to a characteristic of the plant - a rose of the species spinosissima is extremely thorny - or to the place where it originated, hence the name sinensis for plants from China.

Often a new species is named in honour of the person who discovered it. The Director of Kew Gardens, Professor Sir Ghillean Prance, is a distinguished botanist who has spent a considerable part of his career exploring the Amazon. As a result there are more than 40 different species named Pranceii.

If you want your named variety to go into commerce, and remain there for several decades, you will need to approach a professional grower who is likely to charge a considerable amount of money to give your chosen name to, say, a rose.

This is because breeding is a long and expensive process with no guaranteed results.

An amateur grower, if he has any new varieties available, will charge you around pounds 1,000 for the naming, and you will then get a number of plants. Within reason, more can be supplied if you want to distribute them among your friends.

The Amateur Rose Breeders Association can help anyone get in touch with the nearest amateur breeder.

Acquiring your own rose does not happen as quickly as buying a new pot plant, since you will probably want to find out about its growing habits and to see it in flower before giving it your name. But it could be flourishing long after the pot plant is compost, guaranteeing its namesake a small place in history.

The Amateur Rose Breeders Association can be contacted on 01952 461333

Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Arts and Entertainment

ebooksNow available in paperback
Arts and Entertainment

ebooks
Arts and Entertainment

film
Arts and Entertainment
Chvrches lead singer Lauren Mayberry in the band's new video 'Leave a Trace'

music
Arts and Entertainment

music
Arts and Entertainment
Home on the raunch: George Bisset (Aneurin Barnard), Lady Seymour Worsley (Natalie Dormer) and Richard Worsley (Shaun Evans)

TV review
Arts and Entertainment

TV
Arts and Entertainment
Strictly Come Dancing was watched by 6.9m viewers

Strictly
Arts and Entertainment
NWA biopic Straight Outta Compton

film
Arts and Entertainment
Natalie Dormer as Margaery Tyrell and Lena Headey as Cersei Lannister in Game of Thrones

Game of Thrones
Arts and Entertainment
New book 'The Rabbit Who Wants To Fall Asleep' by Carl-Johan Forssen Ehrlin

books
Arts and Entertainment
Calvi is not afraid of exploring the deep stuff: loneliness, anxiety, identity, reinvention
music
Arts and Entertainment
Edinburgh solo performers Neil James and Jessica Sherr
comedy
Arts and Entertainment
If a deal to buy tBeats, founded by hip-hop star Dr Dre (pictured) and music producer Jimmy Iovine went through, it would be Apple’s biggest ever acquisition

album review
Arts and Entertainment
Paloma Faith is joining The Voice as a new coach

TV
Arts and Entertainment
Dowton Abbey has been pulling in 'telly tourists', who are visiting Highclere House in Berkshire

TV
Arts and Entertainment

TV
Arts and Entertainment
Patriot games: Vic Reeves featured in ‘Very British Problems’
TV review
Arts and Entertainment
film review
Arts and Entertainment
Summer nights: ‘Wet Hot American Summer: First Day of Camp’
TVBut what do we Brits really know about them?
Arts and Entertainment
Dr Michael Mosley is a game presenter

TV review
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
SPONSORED FEATURES

ES Rentals

    Independent Dating
    and  

    By clicking 'Search' you
    are agreeing to our
    Terms of Use.

    The Silk Roads that trace civilisation: Long before the West rose to power, Asian pathways were connecting peoples and places

    The Silk Roads that trace civilisation

    Long before the West rose to power, Asian pathways were connecting peoples and places
    House of Lords: Outcry as donors, fixers and MPs caught up in expenses scandal are ennobled

    The honours that shame Britain

    Outcry as donors, fixers and MPs caught up in expenses scandal are ennobled
    When it comes to street harassment, we need to talk about race

    'When it comes to street harassment, we need to talk about race'

    Why are black men living the stereotypes and why are we letting them get away with it?
    International Tap Festival: Forget Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers - this dancing is improvised, spontaneous and rhythmic

    International Tap Festival comes to the UK

    Forget Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers - this dancing is improvised, spontaneous and rhythmic
    War with Isis: Is Turkey's buffer zone in Syria a matter of self-defence – or just anti-Kurd?

    Turkey's buffer zone in Syria: self-defence – or just anti-Kurd?

    Ankara accused of exacerbating racial division by allowing Turkmen minority to cross the border
    Doris Lessing: Acclaimed novelist was kept under MI5 observation for 18 years, newly released papers show

    'A subversive brothel keeper and Communist'

    Acclaimed novelist Doris Lessing was kept under MI5 observation for 18 years, newly released papers show
    Big Blue Live: BBC's Springwatch offshoot swaps back gardens for California's Monterey Bay

    BBC heads to the Californian coast

    The Big Blue Live crew is preparing for the first of three episodes on Sunday night, filming from boats, planes and an aquarium studio
    Austin Bidwell: The Victorian fraudster who shook the Bank of England with the most daring forgery the world had known

    Victorian fraudster who shook the Bank of England

    Conman Austin Bidwell. was a heartless cad who carried out the most daring forgery the world had known
    Car hacking scandal: Security designed to stop thieves hot-wiring almost every modern motor has been cracked

    Car hacking scandal

    Security designed to stop thieves hot-wiring almost every modern motor has been cracked
    10 best placemats

    Take your seat: 10 best placemats

    Protect your table and dine in style with a bold new accessory
    Ashes 2015: Alastair Cook not the only one to be caught in The Oval mindwarp

    Cook not the only one to be caught in The Oval mindwarp

    Aussie skipper Michael Clarke was lured into believing that what we witnessed at Edgbaston and Trent Bridge would continue in London, says Kevin Garside
    Can Rafael Benitez get the best out of Gareth Bale at Real Madrid?

    Can Benitez get the best out of Bale?

    Back at the club he watched as a boy, the pressure is on Benitez to find a winning blend from Real's multiple talents. As La Liga begins, Pete Jenson asks if it will be enough to stop Barcelona
    Athletics World Championships 2015: Beijing witnesses new stage in the Jessica Ennis-Hill and Katarina Johnson-Thompson heptathlon rivalry

    Beijing witnesses new stage in the Jess and Kat rivalry

    The last time the two British heptathletes competed, Ennis-Hill was on the way to Olympic gold and Johnson-Thompson was just a promising teenager. But a lot has happened in the following three years
    Jeremy Corbyn: Joining a shrewd operator desperate for power as he visits the North East

    Jeremy Corbyn interview: A shrewd operator desperate for power

    His radical anti-austerity agenda has caught the imagination of the left and politically disaffected and set a staid Labour leadership election alight
    Isis executes Palmyra antiquities chief: Defender of ancient city's past was killed for protecting its future

    Isis executes Palmyra antiquities chief

    Robert Fisk on the defender of the ancient city's past who was killed for protecting its future