Gazette: Anniversaries

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The Independent Culture
Births: Thomas Wentworth, Earl of Strafford, statesman, 1593; Thomas Jefferson, third US president, 1743; Joseph Bramah, locksmith and inventor, 1748; Felicien-Cesar David, composer, 1810; Josephine Elizabeth Butler (nee Grey), social reformer, 1828; Frank Winfield Woolworth, chain-store pioneer, 1852; Marshal of the RAF Sir Arthur Harris, wartime chief of Bomber Command, 1892; John Gerard Braine, novelist, 1922.

Deaths: Boris Feodorovich Godunov, Russian Tsar, 1605; Jean de La Fontaine, poet and writer of fables, 1695; Sir William Quiller Orchardson, painter, 1910; James Buchanan Brady ("Diamond Jim"), financier, 1917; Hugh Cecil Lowther, fifth Earl of Lonsdale, sportsman, 1944.

On this day: the Edict of Nantes, giving Huguenots equal rights with Catholics, was issued by Henry IV of France, 1598; the Royal Military Academy was established at Woolwich, 1741; The Messiah by George Frederick Handel, was first performed, Dublin, 1742; the Catholic Emancipation Act was passed in Britain, 1829; the Amritsar Massacre occurred after British soldiers fired on Nationalist rioters in India, 1919.

Today is the Feast Day of Saints Agathonice, Carpus, and Papylus, St Guinoch, St Hermenegild, St Martin I, pope and St Martius or Mars.