1913: Cubism is banned at the Salon d'Automne art exhibition in Paris.
1920: First appearance of Rupert Bear in the Daily Express.
1970: Beginning of what came to be known as the Great Bengal Frog War on the beaches of Sungai Siup in Malaysia. Thousands of frogs were left dead. Experts later decided that it had probably been a mass love-in.
National Day of Cambodia, but a bad day for heads of Government. Ramsay Macdonald (1937), Neville Chamberlain (1940), Chaim Weizmann (1952) and Charles de Gaulle (1970) all died on this date.
1841: Birth of Albert Edward, first son to Queen Victoria, and the last person to be born first in line to the throne.
1847: Wilhelmina Carstairs becomes the first child to be born with the aid of anaesthetic. Chloroform was give to her mother by Dr James Young Simpson.
1859: Flogging becomes illegal in the British army.
1888: Marie Kelly becomes Jack the Ripper's final victim.
1895: Rontgen discovers X-rays.
1965: The act comes into force abolishing capital punishment in Britain.
1987: A Californian serving 17 years for murder attempts to sue a juror for sleeping during his trial, perverting the course of justice.
1885: Paul Daimler, son of Gottlieb Daimler, becomes the world's first motorcyclist, riding his father's invention for six miles.
1930: Over 30 are injured at the Lord Mayor's Show in London as four elephants stampede.
1985: Garry Kasparov becomes world chess champion.
Feast day of St Mennas, patron of merchants and caravans, who was believed to have the power to find lost objects, especially sheep.
1946: Stevenage becomes the first designated 'new town' in Britain.
1952: The first video recorder is demonstrated by its inventors, John Mullin and Wayne Johnson.
1035: Death of Canute II, king of Denmark and England.
1842: Birth of Lord Rayleigh, who became in 1904 the first Englishman to win the Nobel Prize for Physics.
1859: Debut in Paris, without a safety net, of Leotard, inventor of the flying trapeze.
1928: The New Oxford Theatre opens in Manchester, the first cinema outside the United States to show talking pictures.
1951: First transmission on BBC television of Come Dancing.
1974: A salmon is caught in the River Thames, the first since the 1840s.
1896: This was the last day on which it was compulsory for a car to have a man walking in front of it. This was a wise and practical decision in view of the fact that the speed limit was raised from 4mph to 14mph.
1907: The first helicopter rose 2 metres above the ground on a test flight in Normandy.
1914: The brassiere is patented in the United States by Mary Phelps Jacob.
1987: The BBC transmits its first condom commercial.
1988: Festo Kazarwa, a rainmaker in Uganda, was beaten to death by villagers after crops and homes had been destroyed by hailstones. He had earlier threatened to summon up storms if they did not show him more respect.
1687: Death of Nell Gwynn, mistress of Charles II.
1734: Death of Louise de Keroualle, Duchess of Portsmouth, another mistress of Charles II.
1816: Birth of John Curwen, Congregationalist minister and inventor of the tonic sol-fa musical scale.
1849: The Times publishes a letter from Charles Dickens, who declares himself 'astounded and appalled by the wickedness' of a public execution.
1934: The England football team against Italy includes seven Arsenal players.
1968: Edward Heath appoints Margaret Thatcher to the post of shadow minister of transport.
1969: Colour television transmissions begin in Britain.
1983: The first cruise missiles arrive at Greenham Common.Reuse content