Happy Anniversary: Brighton breezy

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The Independent Culture

1834: Workhouses for the poor are introduced in Britain.

1963: pounds 2.6m is seized in the Great Train Robbery.

1974: Richard Nixon resigns.


1979: Britain's first nudist beach opens in Brighton.


1889: The screw-top bottle is patented by Dan Ryland of Barnsley, Yorkshire.

1965: The Queen cancels Kim Philby's OBE.


Feast day of St Clare, patron saint of television.

1711: Queen Anne attends the first Royal Ascot race meeting.


Deaths of William Blake (1827), Thomas Mann (1955) and Ian Fleming (1964).

1883: The last quagga dies in Amsterdam zoo.

1949: The clock of Big Ben runs 41 2 minutes slow owing to the weight of starlings on the minute hand.

1980: The first panda cub born in captivity emerges in Mexico.


1964: Peter Allen and John Walby become the last people to be hanged in Britain.


1893: France becomes the first country to introduce motor vehicle registration plates.

1908: The Pier Hippodrome, Folkestone, hosts the first international beauty contest.

1932: Death of Rin-Tin- Tin.

1941: The last execution, of a German spy, in the Tower of London.