1848: W H Smith opens first railway bookstall at Euston Station, London.
1922: Radio licences go on sale in Britain, priced at 10 shillings.
1956: Premium bonds go on sale in Britain.
1959: First stretch of the M1 is opened.
1988: Robin the Boy Wonder, a close friend of Batman, is killed by the Joker after a readers' poll voted to write him out.
Birthday of two American presidents: James Polk (1795) and Warren Harding (1865).
1785: Lionel Lukin of London patents an unsinkable lifeboat.
1871: The Rogues' Gallery is begun with photographs of all prisoners in British jails.
1896: Issue of the first motor insurance policies - which exclude damage caused by frightened horses.
1924: The Sunday Express publishes the first crossword in a British newspaper.
1843: Nelson's statue is lifted to the top of his column.
1871: Henry Morton Stanley says 'Dr Livingstone, I presume?'
1912: M Popov of Bulgaria becomes the first pilot to be killed in warfare.
1927: Windsor bookies go on strike in protest at the imposition of a betting tax.
1957: Laika becomes the first dog in space aboard Sputnik II.
1862: Richard John Gatling patents the first effective machine gun.
1879: James Ritty, a saloon owner of Ohio, patents the cash register.
1914: The Ritz-Carlton Hotel in New York hosts the world's first fashion show.
1909: The first Woolworths store opens in Liverpool
1927: Britain's first automatic traffic lights are installed in Wolverhampton.
1932: Gillespie Road underground station in north London changes its name to Arsenal, after a request by a nearby football club.
1814: Birth of Adolphe Sax, inventor of the saxophone.
1893: Probable date of the death of Dracula in Bram Stoker's novel.
1783: Last public hanging in Britain at Tyburn. The unlucky victim is a forger, John Austin.
1974: Lord Lucan disappears.Reuse content