1859: The world's first dog show opens in Newcastle-upon-Tyne.
1881: King Milan of Serbia agrees to ban Serbian propaganda from Austria.
1902: The United States buys the Panama Canal from France for dollars 40,000.
1801: The first census in Britain reveals a population on this day of 8,872,000.
1966: Britain's first credit card is issued.
1837: The pillory is abolished as a form of punishment.
1859: Charles Blondin makes the first crossing of the Niagara Falls on a tightrope.
1951: England beat Australia 17-0 at football in Sydney.
1847: America licks its first gummed postage stamps.
1937: The 999 emergency service begins in Britain.
1941: The first television commercial, for the Bulova Clock and Watch Company, is screened in the United States.
1977: The last time the Queen visited Wimbledon for the tennis.
1980: The sixpenny bit ceases to be legal tender.
Birthday of Sir Alec Douglas- Home (1903) and David Owen (1938).
1900: Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin flies his first airship.
1924: British government rejects the idea of a Channel tunnel.
Leos Janacek (1854), Franz Kafka (1883) and Tom Stoppard (1937) all born in Czechoslovakia.
American Independence Day: the birthday of President Calvin Coolidge (1872) and death days of Presidents Thomas Jefferson, John Adams (both 1826) and James Munroe (1831).
1848: Communist Manifesto published.
1984: Dog licences abolished in Britain.