1923: French scientists claim that smoking is beneficial through the effect of nicotine forming anti-bacterial chemicals.
1963: Alcatraz Prison, in San Francisco Bay, closes.
1978: Krystyna Choynowska- Liskievicz becomes the first woman to sail round the world single- handed.
1989: Australia's Prime Minister, Bob Hawke, cries on television while confessing adultery, renouncing womanising, and thanking his wife for her understanding.
The earliest possible date for Easter.
1774: Publication of 'Baa, baa, black sheep' in Tommy Thumb's Song Book by Mary Cooper.
1903: Drought causes the US side of the Niagara Falls to run dry.
1906: England beat France 35-8 in the first rugby international.
1907: The taximeter appears in London cabs.
1743: First performance of Handel's Messiah.
1798: Coleridge completes the Rime of the Ancient Mariner.
1861: London's first trams go into service. They are designed by a New Yorker named Mr Train.
1891: Goal nets, designed by J A Brodie of Liverpool, are first used in an FA Cup Final.
1923: The song 'Yes, We Have No Bananas' is published, and prompty faces a suit from the American publishers of Handel's Messiah for allegedly taking the theme from the Hallelujah chorus.
1925: Tennessee bans teaching of Darwin's theory of evolution.
1877: The Boat Race ends in its only dead heat.
1911: Denmark abolishes corporal punishment.
1958: Elvis Presley enlists.
1807: The British Parliament abolishes the slave trade.
1811: Shelley is sent down from Oxford.
1927: The Grand National is first broadcast by wireless.
1885: Britain's first official cremation takes place in Woking.
1923: The BBC inaugurates its daily weather forecast.
1958: The first parking tickets are issued in Britain.
1973: Susan Shaw becomes the first woman broker on the floor of the London Stock Exchange.
1567: A sow 'with a black snout' is sentenced to be hanged by the Court of Judicatory of Senlis, France, for murdering a baby.
1948: The weekly cheese ration in Britain is cut from 2oz to 11 2 oz.
1961: Leicester streets see Britain's first female traffic wardens.Reuse content