1876: Alexander Graham Bell is granted Patent No 174,465 for the first working telephone.
1900: Fire destroys the roof of Buckingham Palace.
1918: Bolsheviks change their name to Russian Communist Party.
1969: Victoria line opens on the London Underground.
1910: The first official pilots' licences are issued to J T C Moore Brabazon (later Lord Brabazon of Tara) in England and Elise Deroche (later Baroness de Laroche) in France.
1927: A 5,000-year-old manicure set is found in Iraq.
1562: Kissing in public is banned in Naples on penalty of death.
1796: Napoleon marries Josephine, the widow of Vicomte de Beauharnais.
1831: The French Foreign Legion is founded by King Louis Philippe.
1961: Russia successfully sends a dog up in a rocket, coincidentally on the 27th birthday of Yuri Gagarin, who became the first man in space later the same year.
1988: Death of Richard C Adams, an American who in 1940 became inventor of the paint-roller.
1886: First Cruft's Dog Show in London.
1906: The Bakerloo line opens on the London Underground from Baker Street to Waterloo.
1910: China abolishes slavery.
1974: A Japanese soldier is found on Lubang Island in the Philippines, still waiting to be relieved, unaware that the Second World War is over.
1682: The Royal Chelsea Hospital for Soldiers is opened by Charles II.
1702: The Daily Courant, England's first daily newspaper, is published, 229 years to the day before the birth of Rupert Murdoch.
1845: Henry Jones invents self- raising flour.
604: Death of St Gregory, after whom Gregorian chant is named.
1789: US Post Office established.
1832: The first ballet tutu is seen in public at the premiere of Les Sylphides.
1912: A Royal Commission reports that vivisection is morally acceptable.
1913: Canberra becomes the official capital of Australia.
1918: Moscow becomes the official capital of Russia.
1988: The pounds 1 note is no longer legal tender.
1781: Sir William Herschel discovers the planet Uranus, which he calls Georgius Sidus after George III.
1894: The Divan Fayonau Music Hall in Paris presents the first professional strip-tease, an act entitled 'Le Coucher d'Yvette'.
1930: Clyde Tombaugh announces the discovery of the planet Pluto.
1961: The old, large, black-and- white pounds 5 notes cease to be legal tender.Reuse content