If mediation is desired, is not the Commonwealth a more obvious candidate? Both countries belong to the Commonwealth, and the mediation could be led by countries with experience of having been colonies, rather than colonisers.
Whether negotiations take place directly or through a mediator, some settlement which would satisfy India, Pakistan and the Kashmiris themselves has to be found. There seems to be strong support among Kashmiris for the idea of an independent Kashmir, but both India and Pakistan might have understandable reservations about that.
The basis for a constitutional settlement in Northern Ireland might be for it to become a largely self-governing province of both the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland. Would a similar solution work for Kashmir?
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