Austria's Eurovision entry Conchita Wurst is facing a transphobic backlash online, with one petition calling the contest a "hotbed of sodomy".
The bearded drag artist, real name Tom Neuwirth, is preparing to take to the stage in Copenhagen next month with power ballad "Rise Like A Phoenix".
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But conservative protesters in Russia, Armenia and Belarus are battling to see Wurst's performance banned.
Reuters reports that a 2013 Russian petition signed by more than 15,000 people requested the state broadcaster to remove Eurovision from its TV schedule.
"Austria will be represented in Eurovision 2014 by the transvestite contestant Conchita Wurst, who leads the lifestyle inapplicable for Russians [sic]," the All-Russian Parent Meeting petition read.
"The popular international competition that our children will be watching has become a hotbed of sodomy at the initiation of the European liberals.
"Russia is one of the only European countries that has managed to maintain normal and healthy family values based on love and mutual support between men and women."
Belarus' petition was similarly worded.
Eurovision 2014 contestants
Eurovision 2014 contestants
1/37 Conchita Wurst for Austria
Tom Neuwirth has been performing as his alter ego Conchita since 2011. For this year's contest he will be singing 'Rise Like a Phoenix'. Tom's motto is: 'Be the best version of yourself rather than a bad copy of someone else'. Conchita is a symbol for tolerance and artistic freedom around the world.
2/37 Molly Smitten-Downes for the UK
Molly is an up and coming singer-songwriter who will represent the UK in Copenhagen with her own song 'Children of the Universe'. The track includes a strong drum beat and lyrics designed to promote 'love and unity'.
3/37 Vilija Matačiūnaitė for Lithuania
Vilija's singing talent was first spotted by her kindergarten teacher. She began a professional singing career aged 18 and will perform 'Attention' at Eurovision 2014.
Darius Gražys Vilija Matačiūnauitė "Attention"
4/37 Tinkara Kovač for Slovenia
Tinkara will be performing 'Round and Round' for Eurovision 2014. She is a singer, flautist and lyricist who has recorded two albums. Past collaborations include Robert Plant and Ian Anderson.
Matej Mljač/ Tinkara Kovač
5/37 The Tolmachevy Twins for Russia
These girls won Junior Eurovision in 2006 aged nine. Anastasiya and Maria are all grown-up now and ready to perform 'Shine' in Copenhagen.
6/37 Hersi for Albania
Hersi Matmuja is just 24 but has already participated in her country's Eurovision selection festival five times. She has been pursuing a career in both modern and classical music. Her song for the contest is 'One Night's Anger'.
7/37 Tijana for FYR Macedonia
Tijana Dapcevic is well-known as a singer, cellist and actress. Her Eurovision song choice 'To the Sky' fits with her life motto: 'The sky's the limit - nothing is impossible'. Her sister Tamara will perform as her backing vocalist in Copenhagen.
8/37 Mei Finegold for Israel
Mei will be performing 'Same Heart' at Eurovision 2014. She is renowned as one of the most unique singers on the Israeli music scene.
9/37 Freaky Fortune feat. RiskyKidd for Greece
Nikolas Raptakis and Theofilos Pouzbouris are both 23. They will be performing 'Rise Up' for the competition after making their breakthrough online. Freaky Fortune's cover of Katy Perry's 'Part of Me' was championed by blogger Perez Hilton.
Maria Delakou / Freaky Fortune feat. RiskyKidd
10/37 András Kállay-Saunders for Hungary
András is a long-time lover of Eurovision. He will be singing 'Running' for the 2014 contest - a song with a strong link to his one life. 'I wrote this song about a childhood friend of mine who was victim to child abuse. I would like to raise awareness to this topic.'
11/37 Donatan & Cleo for Poland
This duo's song 'My Slowianie' was a hit in Poland and the video has been viewed more than 40 million times on YouTube. They will be singing the song - translated to mean 'We Are Slavic' - in Copenhagen.
Respective Broadcasters/EBU Donatan & Cleo
12/37 Suzy for Portugal
Suzy performed on-stage for the first time aged 5. She has performed at various musical events and will be singing 'Quero Ser Tua' for this year's contest.
Cátia Castel-Branco / RTP
13/37 The Shin & Mariko for Georgia
Germany-based band The Shin became famous for interweaving traditional Georgian music with more mainstream influences. 'Three Minutes to Earth' reflects this style. 'It describes the last three minutes of a long walk back to Earth.'
Jiji Rejini / GPB
14/37 Firelight for Malta
Firelight is a fairly new Maltese country folk-pop band. They only formed last June! Nevertheless they will be performing 'Coming Home' for Malta at this year's Eurovision.
Mario Micallef / PBS
15/37 Softengine for Finland
Eurovision 2014 will be the first big performance for Softengine. The group arrived at their current line-up last summer and will be performing 'Something Better' in Copenhagen.
Marek Sabogal / YLE
16/37 Basim for Denmark
Basim is a household name in his native Denmark. He came fourth in the first season of The X Factor in 2008 and will now perform 'Cliche Love Song' at Eurovision.
Jens Rosenfeldt / DR
17/37 Pollapönk for Iceland
Pollapönk were founded in 2006 and are set to perform 'No Prejudice' in Copenhagen. The song is about a young person with a speech impediment who is afraid of being bullied.
Jonatan Gretarsson / RUV
18/37 Can-linn feat. Kasey Smith for Ireland
Kasey Smith from Dublin found fame with girlband Wonderland in 2010. The group were tutored by Louis Walsh and Kian Egan. Since then the 23-year-old has been in Nashville focusing on her solo career. She will perform 'Heartbeat' at Eurovision.
Philip McMillan / RTE
19/37 Tanja for Estonia
Tanja moved to Estonia from Russia aged two months. She will perform her song 'Amazing' in Copenhagen.
20/37 Emma for Italy
Emma describes music as 'like drinking, sleeping, eating'. She used to follow her father's band gigs and will sing 'La Mia Citta' in Copenhagen.
Flavio & Frank
21/37 Twin Twin for France
Twin Twin (not Tin Tin!) won't be letting anyone forget their performance in a hurry. The trio are known for their extravagant style and bouncy stage presence. Twin Twin will sing 'Moustache' at Eurovision.
22/37 Sergej for Montenegro
Sergej will be singing 'Moj Svijet' in Copenhagen. He began his musical career aged 10 when he won second place in the child festival Our Joy.
Kristina Cetkovic / RTCG
23/37 Ruth Lorenzo for Spain
Ruth was destined to be a singer after screaming so loudly when she was born. She started singing opera aged six and will be performing 'Dancing In The Rain' at Eurovision 2014.
Josep Echaburu - RTVE
24/37 Elaiza for Germany
This female trio gained a wildcard for the German national final out of more than 2,200 acts who applied via YouTube. They will perform their own song 'Is It Right?' after beating seven of the German music scene's most famous acts.
25/37 Sebalter for Switzerland
Sebalter will be fulfilling a life-long dream when he performs at Eurovision. His trademark is the fiddle which he began playing aged six. Sebalter will perform 'Hunter of Stars' in Copenhagen.
26/37 The Common Linnets for The Netherlands
Ilse DeLange and Waylon make up this act who will be performing 'Calm After The Storm' at Eurovision 2014. The pair recently travelling to Nashville to prepare for their appearance.
Paul Bellaart / The Common Linnets
27/37 Sanna Nielsen for Sweden
Sanna, 29, broke onto the music scene aged 11 and is now one of her country's most famous pop artists. She will be singing 'Undo' for this year's competition.
28/37 Paula Seling and OVI for Romania
Seling is a multi-talented entertainer who has won awards as a classical piano player. She will be performing 'Miracle' with OVI in Copenhagen this May.
29/37 Dilara Kazimova for Azerbaijan
Dilara is influenced by traditional Azeri folk music as well as rock legends like Freddie Mercury. She will perform 'Start A Fire' for Eurovision 2014.
30/37 ARAM MP3 for Armenia
Aram will be representing Armenia in Copenhagen this May with 'Not Alone'. His shows are unpredictable and unique so we're in for a treat.
Arnos Martirosyan/ARAM MP3
31/37 Mariya Yaremchuk for Ukraine
Mariya hopes to take home the glory for Ukraine with her own intense track 'Tick Tock'. The plan is for her performance to be 'soulful and simple'.
32/37 Teo for Belarus
Teo, real name Yuriy Vaschuk has experience in singing, composing and arranging. A born entertainer, he will perform 'Cheesecake' in Copenhagen which may or may not be cheesy (we suspect cheesy).
33/37 Cristina Scarlat for Moldova
Cristina was born into a family with traditional music roots and has always been surrounded by music. She graduated from the Moldovan music conservatory in 2006 and will be singing ‘Wild Soul’ in Copenhagen.
Vlad Vlas/Cristina Scarlat
34/37 Carl Espen for Norway
Carl was born in Bergen in 1982 and will represent Norway at the 2014 Eurovision Song Contest with the song 'Silent Storm'.
35/37 Axel Hirsoux for Belgium
Trumpet-playing Axel from Charleroi will take to the stage in Copenhagen this May to perform 'Mother' for Belgium.
36/37 Valentina Monetta for San Marino
Valentina was born in 1975 as the second of two children. She describes her music taste as eclectiv and will sing 'Maybe (Forse)' at Eurovision 2014.
Augusto Betiula/Valentina Monetta
37/37 Aarzemnieki for Latvia
Aarzemnieki (or Foreigners) began as a YouTube sensation in 2013 after Joran Steinhauer wrote a farewell song to the Lat currency. Now the group will sing 'Cake To Bake' in Copenhagen.
Linda Rutule/ Aarzemnieki (Latvia)
Armenian favourite Aram MP3 has joined the anti-trans voices, claiming that his competitor's lifestyle is "not natural" and that Wurst should "eventually decide whether she is a woman or a man".
Wurst responded: "The beard is a statement to say that you can achieve anything, no matter who you are or how you look. If you have problems understanding that, then I would be happy to sit down with you and explain it to you in more detail."
Aram MP3 later apologised and insisted that his insensitive words were "a joke".
Wurst's debut Eurovision appearance will be at the second semi-final on 8 May before the grand final two days later, if successful.
Despite the recent outrage, transgender Israeli singer Dana International won in 1998 with "Diva". Then, last year, Finnish contestant Kristia Siegfrids kissed one of her female dancers during "Marry Me" in protest at her country's ban on gay marriage.
Bookmakers have placed Wurst in their top 10 contenders lists, making the 25-year-old one of the favourites.
"My stance is that I fight for something positive rather than against something negative," Wurst told Radio Free Europe. "I was always an outsider and I was confronted with discrimination. I don't want this to happen to the next generation."