Science: Russia raises money/ Lunar prospects/ Science gets cuddly/ Genetics/ Space talk


Should Russia search for "neutrinos", or seek money? The government there has decided that money is preferable - and intends to sell off seven tonnes of its 60-tonne stock of the rare metal gallium, used to study neutrino emissions from the sun. The sale should raise about $6m (pounds 3.75m) to pay off coal miners.

However, scientists are not happy: 12 Nobel Prize-winning physicists from the US and Russia have written in protest to Viktor Chernomyrdin, the Russian Prime Minister, calling the move "a huge step backward which will eventually ruin the experiment".

The government insists the sale won't halt the research at SAGE, the Soviet-American Gallium Experiment. But who might buy the Russian gallium? No word yet. Its uses include making semiconductors and other high-tech electronic equipment.

Excited about Lunar Prospector? They are at NASA. The one-metre spacecraft went into a polar orbit 100 kilometres (60 miles) above the moon on Sunday, and should start collecting scientific data today in its one-year mission. "Everything's working just as it had in our simulations," said Scott Hubbard, mission manager at NASA's Ames Research Centre. "Within the first month or so, we expect to get an answer on whether there are large quantities of polar ice." Watch this space ...

Stephen Jay Gould, the bestselling author who happens to be a top evolutionary biologist and paleontologist (or is it the other way around?) has been chosen as the next president of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). He will succeed the current holder in January 1999. His words for the next millennium? "I want to make people less scared of science so they won't see it as arcane, monolithic and distant, but as something that is important to their lives," he said after his election was announced last month. "We have to ask ourselves why so many people have become afraid of science - it is no more difficult to learn than other things."

India seems to have followed the same lines as the UK over genetic screening for employment and insurance purposes. Its Council of Medical Research released draft guidelines which would allow screening by companies with the consent of employees where it might affect safety - for example, checking airline pilots for sickle-cell anaemia (which is affected by low pressure). But family members would not be entitled to know each other's details: "revealing the information that a wife is a carrier of a recessive disease may lead to the husband asking for a divorce".

Just in case you thought Americans were getting sensible about space, there'll be a dinosaur skull on the next Space Shuttle. Really. The Carnegie Museum of Natural History has offered a 214-million-year-old Coelophysis skull, about 20 centimetres long, to NASA for the mission which lifts off on January 22. "This remarkable opportunity to marry the Earth's history with humankind's future is what the Museum of Natural History is all about," said Jay Apt, museum director - and a retired astronaut. Pointless? You bet.

Still in space, that Mir spacewalk last Friday didn't fix an air leak in the space station's exit hatch. The cosmonauts, Anatoly Solovyov and Pavel Vinogradov, discovered that one of the 10 main locks on the hatch door was broken, which prevented a tight seal. The hatch had failed to close properly after a spacewalk in November, resulting in a 16 per cent loss of pressure in the module. But that only affects the Kvant's docking chamber, which is sealed off from the rest of the station. The cosmonauts attempted to lock the chamber tightly by using the hatch's 10 auxiliary locks, only five of which were latched after the spacewalk in November.

Mission control has decided to put off further repair efforts for now, as things are busy enough - a spacewalk tomorrow to collect some scientific equipment on the hull, and the arrival of a Shuttle on January 25, plus a Russian-French team on the 30th.

Arts and Entertainment
Princess Olga in 'You Can't Get the Staff'
tvReview: The anachronistic aristocrats, it seemed, were just happy to have some attention
Arts and Entertainment
Laura Wood, winner of the Montegrappa Scholastic Prize for New Children’s Writing

Children's bookseller wins The Independent's new author search

Arts and Entertainment
Pulling the strings: Spira Mirabilis

Arts and Entertainment
Neville's Island at Duke of York's theatre
musicReview: The production has been cleverly cast with a quartet of comic performers best known for the work on television
Arts and Entertainment
Banksy's 'The Girl with the Pierced Eardrum' in Bristol

Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Arts and Entertainment
Tim Minchin portrait
For a no-holds-barred performer who is scathing about woolly thinking and oppressive religiosity, Tim Minchin is surprisingly gentle
Arts and Entertainment
Clara takes the lead in 'Flatline' while the Doctor remains in the Tardis
tvReview: The 'Impossible Girl' earns some companion stripes... but she’s still annoying in 'Dr Who, Flatline'
Arts and Entertainment
Joy Division photographed around Waterloo Road, Stockport, near Strawberry Studios. The band are Bernard Sumner (guitar and keyboards), Stephen Morris (drums and percussion), Ian Curtis (vocals and occasional guitar), Peter Hook (bass guitar and backing vocals).
Arts and Entertainment
Sean Harris in 'The Goob' film photocall, at the Venice International Film Festival 2014
filmThe Bafta-winner talks Hollywood, being branded a psycho, and how Streisand is his true inspiration
Arts and Entertainment
X Factor contestant Fleur East
tvReview: Some lacklustre performances - but the usual frontrunners continue to excel
Arts and Entertainment
Richard Tuttle's installation in the Turbine Hall at the Tate Modern
artAs two major London galleries put textiles in the spotlight, the poor relation of the creative world is getting recognition it deserves
Arts and Entertainment
Hunger Games actress Jena Malone has been rumoured to be playing a female Robin in Batman v Superman
Arts and Entertainment
On top of the world: Actress Cate Blanchett and author Richard Flanagan
artsRichard Flanagan's Man Booker win has put paid to the myth that antipodean artists lack culture
Arts and Entertainment
The Everyman, revamped by Haworth Tompkins
architectureIt beats strong shortlist that included the Shard, the Library of Birmingham, and the London Aquatics Centre
Arts and Entertainment
Justice is served: Robert Downey Jr, Vincent D’Onofrio, Jeremy Strong and Robert Duvall in ‘The Judge’


Arts and Entertainment
Clive Owen (centre) in 'The Knick'


Arts and Entertainment
J.K. Simmons , left, and Miles Teller in a scene from


Arts and Entertainment
Team Tenacity pitch their fetching solar powered, mobile phone charging, heated, flashy jacket
tvReview: No one was safe as Lord Sugar shook things up
Owen said he finds films boring but Tom Hanks managed to hold his attention in Forrest Gump
Arts and Entertainment
Bono and Apple CEO Tim Cook announced U2's surprise new album at the iPhone 6 launch
Music Album is set to enter UK top 40 at lowest chart position in 30 years
Arts and Entertainment
The Michael McIntyre Chat Show airs its first episode on Monday 10 March 2014
Arts and Entertainment


These heroes in a half shell should have been left in hibernation
Arts and Entertainment
Richard Flanagan with his novel, The Narrow Road to the Deep North
books'The Narrow Road to the Deep North' sees the writer become the third Australian to win the accolade
Arts and Entertainment
New diva of drama: Kristin Scott Thomas as Electra
Arts and Entertainment
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?

ES Rentals

    Independent Dating

    By clicking 'Search' you
    are agreeing to our
    Terms of Use.

    Indiana serial killer? Man arrested for murdering teenage prostitute confesses to six other murders - and police fear there could be many more

    A new American serial killer?

    Police fear man arrested for murder of teen prostitute could be responsible for killing spree dating back 20 years
    Sweetie, the fake 10-year-old girl designed to catch online predators, claims her first scalp

    Sting to trap paedophiles may not carry weight in UK courts

    Computer image of ‘Sweetie’ represented entrapment, experts say
    Fukushima nuclear crisis: Evacuees still stuck in cramped emergency housing three years on - and may never return home

    Return to Fukushima – a land they will never call home again

    Evacuees still stuck in cramped emergency housing three years on from nuclear disaster
    Wildlife Photographer of the Year: Intimate image of resting lions claims top prize

    Wildlife Photographer of the Year

    Intimate image of resting lions claims top prize
    Online petitions: Sign here to change the world

    Want to change the world? Just sign here

    The proliferation of online petitions allows us to register our protests at the touch of a button. But do they change anything?
    Ed Sheeran hits back after being labelled too boring to headline festivals

    'You need me, I don’t need you'

    Ed Sheeran hits back after being labelled too boring to headline festivals
    How to Get Away with Murder: Shonda Rhimes reinvents the legal drama

    How to Get Away with Murder

    Shonda Rhimes reinvents the legal drama
    A cup of tea is every worker's right

    Hard to swallow

    Three hospitals in Leicester have banned their staff from drinking tea and coffee in public areas. Christopher Hirst explains why he thinks that a cuppa is every worker's right
    Which animals are nearly extinct?

    Which animals are nearly extinct?

    Conservationists in Kenya are in mourning after the death of a white northern rhino, which has left the species with a single male. These are the other species on the brink
    12 best children's shoes

    Perfect for leaf-kicking: 12 best children's shoes

    Find footwear perfect to keep kids' feet protected this autumn
    Anderlecht vs Arsenal: Gunners' ray of light Aaron Ramsey shines again

    Arsenal’s ray of light ready to shine again

    Aaron Ramsey’s injury record has prompted a club investigation. For now, the midfielder is just happy to be fit to face Anderlecht in the Champions League
    Comment: David Moyes' show of sensitivity thrown back in his face by former Manchester United manager Sir Alex Ferguson

    Moyes’ show of sensitivity thrown back in his face... by Ferguson

    Manchester United legend tramples on successor who resisted criticising his inheritance
    Two super-sized ships have cruised into British waters, but how big can these behemoths get?

    Super-sized ships: How big can they get?

    Two of the largest vessels in the world cruised into UK waters last week
    British doctors on brink of 'cure' for paralysis with spinal cord treatment

    British doctors on brink of cure for paralysis

    Sufferers can now be offered the possibility of cure thanks to a revolutionary implant of regenerative cells
    Ranked seventh in world’s best tourist cities - not London, or Edinburgh, but Salisbury

    Lonely Planet’s Best in Travel 2015

    UK city beats Vienna, Paris and New York to be ranked seventh in world’s best tourist destinations - but it's not London