Second site Spielberg's survivors

"I USED to `disappear' myself between people all the time," says Paula in her video testimony, recalling how she blended into crowds to avoid being selected. "The people in the camp didn't feel comfortable with me around, because when I used to disappear myself, they were in jeopardy." If she escaped notice, the selectors' attention would fall on somebody else. "I learned to survive," Paula concludes, with a survivor's helpless smile.

The tormented features of Paula's childhood face can be seen in a photograph which, like her, survived Auschwitz, and appears within a montage of Holocaust images telling her story, a chapter for each year of the Second World War. Three other individual histories are also presented in Survivors: Testimonies of the Holocaust (Knowledge Adventure, Windows and Mac, pounds 25).

There is flame-haired Silvia, glittering with anger, who performed at a theatre in Nazi-occupied Amsterdam. Enforced segregation concentrated a wealth of talent in this one venue. It became a hot ticket: non-Jews had to borrow Jewish identity cards to attend. Eventually, the theatre was converted into a gateway for deporting Jews to the "final solution".

There is also Sol, originally from Czechoslovakia. He describes how, on one of the death marches inflicted on captives as the Nazis' grip began to fail, his uncle's strength evaporated. Despite his uncle's pleas, Sol kept marching. His father also needed his help. His uncle was shot; his father survived the march, but died of typhus after liberation. Bert, from Germany, faced a similar decision. Those who could walk, including Bert, were separated from those who could not leave the camp. Among them was Bert's father, who implored him to stay. Bert left. His father perished, like all those who remained behind.

Although they add up to 80 minutes of video footage, these testimonies are only a tiny fragment of the 100,000 hours of tape gathered so far by Steven Spielberg's Survivors of the Shoah Visual History Foundation. Spielberg set up this body after making Schindler's List, to record the stories of people who had actually participated in the episode that he dramatised. Gypsies, homosexuals and other victims of the Nazi project are represented, as well as Jews. To date, 50,000 of these witnesses have been videotaped.

How does one make good use or sense of all this information? Claude Lanzmann, the director of Shoah, used the material he gathered to demand proper seriousness from his audience by challenging them to watch nine hours of documentary footage. Although this CD-ROM does not have the awesome power that Lanzmann's unblinking camera achieved, the presentation encourages due gravity by means of cross-referencing, which is what computer discs do best. Following each video sequence, links show photographs or give concise historical information. The texts are comprehensive, detailed, well-written, and make no attempt to dumb down. Following Paula's testimony, for example, the viewer is prompted to read about how children fared in ghettos. We are told that they were vulnerable because they lacked value as workers, and that if their relatives were deported, they had to beg for food from other residents; or steal it.

Potential purchasers shouldn't be put off by the billing on the box, which says that the disc is "hosted" by Leonardo DiCaprio and Winona Ryder. Thankfully, they are not a Holocaust Richard and Judy, but simply narrators. They do a decent job helping this CD-ROM play to the strength of the genre, which lies in the provision of context for these profoundly understated testimonies.

You can visit www.poptel.org.uk/secondsite for links to pages mentioned or contact Marek Kohn on secondsite@poptel.net

Arts and Entertainment
Rhino Doodle by Jim Carter (Downton Abbey)

TV
Arts and Entertainment
Christian Grey cradles Ana in the Fifty Shades of Grey film

film
Arts and Entertainment
Chris Pratt stars in Guardians of the Galaxy
film
Arts and Entertainment
Comedian 'Weird Al' Yankovic

Is the comedy album making a comeback?

comedy
PROMOTED VIDEO
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Arts and Entertainment
Sue Perkins and Mel Giedroyc, centre, are up for Best Female TV Comic for their presenting quips on The Great British Bake Off

TV
Arts and Entertainment
Martin Freeman as Lester Nygaard in the TV adaptation of 'Fargo'

TV
Arts and Entertainment
A scene from Shakespeare in Love at the Noel Coward Theatre
theatreReview: Shakespeare in Love has moments of sheer stage poetry mixed with effervescent fun
Arts and Entertainment
Dwayne 'The Rock' Johnson stars in Hercules

film
Arts and Entertainment
Standing the test of time: Michael J Fox and Christopher Lloyd in 'Back to the Future'

film
Arts and Entertainment
<p><strong>2008</strong></p>
<p>Troubled actor Robert Downey Jr cements his comeback from drug problems by bagging the lead role in Iron Man. Two further films follow</p>

film
Arts and Entertainment

theatre
Arts and Entertainment
Tycoons' text: Warren Buffett and Bill Gates both cite John Brookes' 'Business Adventures' as their favourite book

books
Arts and Entertainment
Panic! In The Disco's Brendon Urie performs on stage

music
Arts and Entertainment

film
Arts and Entertainment
Keira Knightley and Benedict Cumberbatch star in the Alan Turing biopic The Imitation Game

film
Arts and Entertainment

TV
Arts and Entertainment
Radio 4's Today programme host Evan Davis has been announced as the new face of Newsnight

TV
Arts and Entertainment
Pharrell Williams performing on the Main Stage at the Wireless Festival in Finsbury Park, north London

music
Arts and Entertainment
Carrie Mathison returns to the field in the fourth season of Showtime's Homeland

TV
Arts and Entertainment
Crowds soak up the atmosphere at Latitude Festival

music
Arts and Entertainment
Meyne Wyatt and Caren Pistorus arrive for the AACTA Aawrds in Sydney, Australia

TV
Arts and Entertainment
Rick Astley's original music video for 'Never Gonna Give You Up' has been removed from YouTube

music
Arts and Entertainment
Quentin Blake's 'Artists on the beach'

Artists unveils new exhibition inspired by Hastings beach

art
Arts and Entertainment
MusicFans were left disappointed after technical issues
Independent
Travel Shop
the manor
Up to 70% off luxury travel
on city breaks Find out more
santorini
Up to 70% off luxury travel
on chic beach resorts Find out more
sardina foodie
Up to 70% off luxury travel
on country retreats Find out more
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?

ES Rentals

    Independent Dating
    and  

    By clicking 'Search' you
    are agreeing to our
    Terms of Use.

    Backhanders, bribery and abuses of power have soared in China as economy surges

    Bribery and abuses of power soar in China

    The bribery is fuelled by the surge in China's economy but the rules of corruption are subtle and unspoken, finds Evan Osnos, as he learns the dark arts from a master
    Commonwealth Games 2014: Highland terriers stole the show at the opening ceremony

    Highland terriers steal the show at opening ceremony

    Gillian Orr explores why a dog loved by film stars and presidents is finally having its day
    German art world rocked as artists use renowned fat sculpture to distil schnapps

    Brewing the fat from artwork angers widow of sculptor

    Part of Joseph Beuys' 1982 sculpture 'Fettecke' used to distil schnapps
    BBC's The Secret History of Our Streets reveals a fascinating window into Britain's past

    BBC takes viewers back down memory lane

    The Secret History of Our Streets, which returns with three films looking at Scottish streets, is the inverse of Benefits Street - delivering warmth instead of cynicism
    Joe, film review: Nicolas Cage delivers an astonishing performance in low budget drama

    Nicolas Cage shines in low-budget drama Joe

    Cage plays an ex-con in David Gordon Green's independent drama, which has been adapted from a novel by Larry Brown
    How to make your own gourmet ice lollies, granitas, slushy cocktails and frozen yoghurt

    Make your own ice lollies and frozen yoghurt

    Think outside the cool box for this summer's tempting frozen treats
    Ford Fiesta is UK's most popular car of all-time, with sales topping 4.1 million since 1976

    Fiesta is UK's most popular car of all-time

    Sales have topped 4.1 million since 1976. To celebrate this milestone, four Independent writers recall their Fiestas with pride
    10 best reed diffusers

    Heaven scent: 10 best reed diffusers

    Keep your rooms smelling summery and fresh with one of these subtle but distinctive home fragrances that’ll last you months
    Commonwealth Games 2014: Female boxers set to compete for first time

    Female boxers set to compete at Commonwealth Games for first time

    There’s no favourites and with no headguards anything could happen
    Five things we’ve learned so far about Manchester United under Louis van Gaal

    Five things we’ve learned so far about United under Van Gaal

    It’s impossible to avoid the impression that the Dutch manager is playing to the gallery a little
    Screwing your way to the top? Good for Lana Del Rey for helping kill that myth

    Screwing your way to the top?

    Good for Lana Del Rey for helping kill that myth, says Grace Dent
    Will the young Britons fighting in Syria be allowed to return home and resume their lives?

    Will Britons fighting in Syria be able to resume their lives?

    Tony Blair's Terrorism Act 2006 has made it an offence to take part in military action abroad with a "political, ideological, religious or racial motive"
    Beyoncé poses as Rosie the Riveter, the wartime poster girl who became a feminist pin-up

    Beyoncé poses as Rosie the Riveter

    The wartime poster girl became the ultimate American symbol of female empowerment
    The quest to find the perfect pair of earphones: Are custom, 3D printed earbuds the solution?

    The quest to find the perfect pair of earphones

    Earphones don't fit properly, offer mediocre audio quality and can even be painful. So the quest to design the perfect pair is music to Seth Stevenson's ears
    US Army's shooting star: Lt-Col Steven Cole is the man Hollywood calls when it wants to borrow a tank or check a military uniform

    Meet the US Army's shooting star

    Lt-Col Steven Cole is the man Hollywood calls when it wants to borrow a tank or check a military uniform