Judgemennt At Nuremburg (1961) is a courtroom drama directed by Stanley Kramer. It won 2 Oscars; Best Actor in a Leading Role for Maximilian Schell and Best Writing, Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium for Abby Mann.
It has been three years since the most important Nazi leaders had already been tried. This trial is about 4 Judges who used their offices to conduct Nazi sterilization and cleansing policies. Retired American Judge, Judge Dan Haywood has a daunting task ahead of him. The Cold War is heating up and no one wants any more trials as Germany, and allied Governments, want to forget the past. But the question that the tribunal must decide is whether that the right thing to do is.
Spencer Tracy … Chief Judge Dan Haywood
Burt Lancaster … Dr. Ernst Janning
Richard Widmark … Col. Tad Lawson
Marlene Dietrich … Mrs. Bertholt
Maximilian Schell … Hans Rolfe
Judy Garland … Mrs. Irene Hoffman Wallner
Montgomery Clift … Rudolph Petersen
Ed Binns … Sen. Burkette (as Edward Binns)
Werner Klemperer … Emil Hahn
Torben Meyer … Werner Lampe
Martin Brandt … Friedrich Hofstetter
William Shatner … Capt. Harrison Byers
Kenneth MacKenna … Judge Kenneth Norris
Alan Baxter … Brig. Gen. Matt Merrin
Ray Teal …. Judge Curtiss Ives
- Laurence Olivier was originally cast as Ernst Janning.
- Maximilian Schell's Lead Actor Oscar makes him the lowest-billed lead category winner in history. He is billed fifth, after Tracy, Lancaster, Widmark, and Dietrich.Stanley
- Kramer allowed Marlene Dietrich to write a good deal of her own part, as the actress had personally experienced many of the wartime horrors of her character.