Judgement at Nuremburg

Directed by Stanley Kramer
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The Independent Culture

Judgemennt At Nuremburg (1961) is a courtroom drama directed by Stanley Kramer. It won 2 Oscars; Best Actor in a Leading Role for Maximilian Schell and Best Writing, Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium for Abby Mann.

It has been three years since the most important Nazi leaders had already been tried. This trial is about 4 Judges who used their offices to conduct Nazi sterilization and cleansing policies. Retired American Judge, Judge Dan Haywood has a daunting task ahead of him. The Cold War is heating up and no one wants any more trials as Germany, and allied Governments, want to forget the past. But the question that the tribunal must decide is whether that the right thing to do is.


Stanley Kramer


Abby Mann


Spencer Tracy … Chief Judge Dan Haywood

Burt Lancaster … Dr. Ernst Janning

Richard Widmark … Col. Tad Lawson

Marlene Dietrich … Mrs. Bertholt

Maximilian Schell … Hans Rolfe

Judy Garland … Mrs. Irene Hoffman Wallner

Montgomery Clift … Rudolph Petersen

Ed Binns … Sen. Burkette (as Edward Binns)

Werner Klemperer … Emil Hahn

Torben Meyer … Werner Lampe

Martin Brandt … Friedrich Hofstetter

William Shatner … Capt. Harrison Byers

Kenneth MacKenna … Judge Kenneth Norris

Alan Baxter … Brig. Gen. Matt Merrin

Ray Teal …. Judge Curtiss Ives


  • Laurence Olivier was originally cast as Ernst Janning.
  • Maximilian Schell's Lead Actor Oscar makes him the lowest-billed lead category winner in history. He is billed fifth, after Tracy, Lancaster, Widmark, and Dietrich.Stanley
  • Kramer allowed Marlene Dietrich to write a good deal of her own part, as the actress had personally experienced many of the wartime horrors of her character.