Richard Hall is The Independent’s Assistant Foreign Editor. He was formerly Middle East Editor of The Daily Star, Beirut.
01 February 2014 12:00 AM
The frontiers of Kurdistan, as they were proposed at the Paris Peace conference in 1919, "begin in the north at Ziven, on the Caucasian frontier, and continue westwards to Erzurum, Erzincan, Kemah, Arapgir, Besni and Divick. In the south they follow the line from Harran, the Sinjihar Hills, Tel Asfar, Erbil, Süleymaniye, Akk-el-man, Sinne; in the east, Ravandiz, Başkale, Vezirkale, that is to say the frontier of Persia as far as Mount Ararat."
09 January 2014 12:24 AM
The country's civil war within a civil war intensified in several cities
22 December 2013 08:00 PM
Since it began in mid-December, the government’s aerial bombardment has left more than 200 people dead
17 December 2013 12:00 AM
The coach journey from Diyarbakir to Erbil is an arduous one on the best of days. It takes around 12 hours to travel between the two Kurdish cities in Turkey and Iraq, with regular stops for tea and a lengthy wait on the border.
09 December 2013 05:59 PM
Teachers inside a Turkish refugee camp for Syrians displaced by the near three-year civil war are becoming increasingly concerned that images of bloodshed witnessed by children will have a lasting impact.
The Syrian children of the Kilis refugee camp: ‘We tell them not to worry, it’s far away, but they get scared’
09 December 2013 05:32 PM
Teachers inside a Turkish refugee camp for Syrians displaced by the near three-year civil war are becoming increasingly concerned that images of bloodshed witnessed by children will have a lasting impact. Richard Hall reports from Kilis
09 December 2013 07:00 AM
They hope a ‘hearts and minds’ campaign – promising extra aid and public services in opposition-held areas – will help counter similar efforts by more radical Muslim groups
03 December 2013 06:22 PM
The newly appointed International President of Médecins Sans Frontières has described the number of birth deformities as 'shocking'
02 December 2013 06:44 PM
Residents of a village in eastern Lebanon torched tents that were housing hundreds of refugees who had fled the war in neighbouring Syria.
Scant relief: China has pledged only £125,000 to help the Philippines recover from Super Typhoon Haiyan
13 November 2013 09:00 PM
Richard Hall examines the reasons for the world's second-largest economy's woeful aid donation
Ukip and Nigel Farage on course for remarkable victory in European elections
Katie Hopkins continues campaign to become Britain's most hated talking head with poorly timed Bob Crow tweet
Tony Benn was entirely ineffectual - and usually wrong
No EU referendum under Labour: Ed Miliband to reveal that vote on membership is ‘unlikely’ in next Parliament if party wins power
The rise of Ukip: Study warns Labour that Eurosceptic party's electoral base now 'more working class than any of the main parties'
Europeans have ‘got whiter’ due to natural selection in past 5,000 years, scientists say
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