Alpine glaciers have receded significantly over the past century

Layers of soot from coal burning melted Alpine glaciers even in cooler climate of the 19th Century

Sooty air from coal burning triggered the initial melting of the mountain glaciers in the European Alps in the second half of the 19th Century when it caused the snow to turn grey and so reflect less sunlight back into space, scientists said.

Satellite image composite (Vanderford Glacier, Wilkes Land) with the panels showing satellite imagery of Vanderford Glacier, Wilkes Land, East Antarctica

It holds enough water to raise sea levels 50 metres, but East Antarctica ice sheet is even more unstable than we thought

The massive ice sheet of East Antarctica, which is up to 4 kilometres thick and holds enough frozen water to raise sea levels by more than 50 metres, is more unstable than previous studies have suggested, scientists said.

A sunrise over the Pacific Ocean at Turtle Bay

How the Pacific has put global warming on hold (but not for long)

Although temperatures on Earth are higher than ever, the ocean is playing a major role in absorbing excess heat, a new study suggests

Climate change could make Greenland green by 2100

Climate change could bring about the forestation of Greenland by the end of the  century, scientists predict.

Scientists are more certain than they have ever been that humans are causing climate change

Scientists ‘95 per cent certain’ that climate change is man-made

UN panel estimates sea levels could rise by 2ft 8in by the end of the century in latest draft report

Flooding of major coastal cities could cost the world economy more than £600bn a year by 2050, say scientists

Coastal city flooding ‘could cost more than £600bn a year’

Miami, New York and New Orleans in the United States, and Guangzhou in China are together expected to shoulder 43 per cent of the burden

Extreme heatwaves are predicted as the new normal for British summers by 2040

Report calls for dramatic curbs in greenhouse gas emissions and warns of threat to human society

Farmland is increasingly bought as an investment, causing prices to rise sharply

Surge of investment in farming threatens £5trn catastrophe

Agriculture in UK and around world unable to recover costs from natural disasters because of speculative boom, warns report

Green policy failures are choking off billions in private investment

Fund managers are concerned that governments are not doing enough to mitigate effects of global warming

The low-lying coral atolls that make up the Marshall Islands are at risk from climate change

Act now or rising seas will sink our country, Marshall Islanders tell the world

Senior minister from the collection of low-lying coral atolls in the north Pacific says the end of this century will spell 'the end of my country and many others like it'

A runaway greenhouse Armageddon in which the oceans boil dry could theoretically happen on Earth, researchers claim. The good news is that human activity on its own will probably not be enough to trigger such an end-of-the-world scenario in the near future

Global-warming Armageddon? It may be more likely than you thought

Calculations from Canadian and US scientists show runaway greenhouse effect is realistic possibility

Britain’s dirtiest coal power stations are to be allowed to bid for hundreds of millions of pounds’ worth of subsidies that could allow them to stay open well into the 2020s

Consumers to pay ‘dirty’ coal power subsidies for years

Setback for Britain’s carbon emissions targets as ministers choose cheap alternative to gas to meet energy demand

Harvesting a field of wheat in Leicestershire

Water shortages for farmers ‘will make Britain dependent on imported crops’

Farmers face a severe water shortage that could put a considerable extra strain on the nation’s resources and make Britain increasingly reliant on imported crops, a government committee warns.

The sun sets over the Chukchi Sea. Both the northern and southern hemispheres experienced the warmest temperatures for both land and sea

Unprecedented extremes and warmest decade since modern measurements: grim report from World Meteorological Organisation

Both the northern and southern hemispheres experienced the warmest temperatures for both land and sea

President Obama: 'We need to act'

Barack Obama unveils strict new US climate change measures to Congress

President brushes off Republican critics and global-warming sceptics with plan of action against ‘threat of our time’

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Wilko Johnson, now the bad news

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Mark Udall: The Democrat Senator with a fight on his hands ahead of the US midterm elections

Mark Udall: The Democrat Senator with a fight on his hands

The Senator for Colorado is for gay rights, for abortion rights – and in the Republicans’ sights as they threaten to take control of the Senate next month
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New discoveries show more contact between far-flung prehistoric humans than had been thought

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Cerys Matthews on Dylan Thomas

The singer reveals how her uncle taped 150 interviews for a biography of the famous Welsh poet
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Pumpkin spice is the flavour of the month

The combination of cinnamon, clove, nutmeg (and no actual pumpkin), now flavours everything from lattes to cream cheese in the US
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11 best sonic skincare brushes

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Paul Scholes column

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Frank Warren: Boxing has its problems but in all my time I've never seen a crooked fight

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Jamie Roberts: 'I'm a man of my word – I'll stay in Paris'

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