The Sumatran tiger, endemic to the Indonesian island of Sumatra, is an endangered species

Save the tiger: Countries that don’t survey their tigers risk losing them

On International Tiger Day, the need to verify how many of these beasts still exist has never been more urgent

The two horses, Oracle Force and Golden Storming, were quickly destroyed by vets. The riders suffered only minor injuries

Future of Italy's Tuscan palios in doubt after horses put down following race

Animal rights activists scream abuse and spectators watch in stunned silence as the injured animals are carted off to be destroyed during the race in Pistoia

A Siberian Tiger

Save the tiger: Tiger, tiger, dying out - a majestic animal on its knees

To mark International Tiger Day, The Independent and the World Wildlife Fund are working together to highlight the dangers these iconic animals face

Summer heatwave may encourage 'tourism' of rare butterflies and bees to the UK, experts say

The sighting of a yellow-legged tortoiseshell butterfly, last seen in the UK in 1953, has confirmed that we are set for an extraordinary summer

The Big Butterfly Count encourages members of the public to submit their own findings

Big Butterfly Count: Members of British public turn scientists as survey gets under way

Nation's biggest count runs from 19 July to August 10

Animal magic: red pandas are threatened in their natural habitat

Birth of twin red pandas gives hope for future of one of the rarest - and cutest - mammals

The pandas were born on Monday morning at Drusillas Park in East Sussex

Professor Kathy Willis will showcase plants from the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew

Plants: From Roots to Riches: Radio 4 airs epic series on plants

I am determined to prove botany is not the ‘Cinderella of science’, says Kew Gardens expert

Gavin Maxwell in Sandaig with one of his pet otters

Gavin Maxwell's bitter legacy: Was the otter man the wildlife champion he appeared to be?

The aristocrat wrote a best-selling memoir about the life he lived in Sandaig with his pet otters, and his eccentric devotion to them inspired a generation. But our greatest living nature writer believes his legacy has been quite toxic
Plastic beads are often invisible to the naked eye and can enter the food chain via fish

Microplastic waste: This massive (tiny) threat to sea life is now in every ocean

Researchers warn that only drastic action to eliminate it at source will protect marine wildlife for future generations
Scientists have found that being a smart primate is down to genes rather than upbringing

Nature rather than nurture governs intelligent behaviour in primates, scientists discover

The findings could be important for the understanding of human intelligence and cognitive abilities

Peta said sheep are deprived of food and water, sometimes overnight, in part so that they'll put up less resistance when shearers handle them roughly

US and Australian wool industries exposed in shocking undercover footage captured by animal rights groups

Peta said its videos showed abuses – including twisting the necks of sheep until they snapped – were widespread throughout the industry

Seasick: a huge bloom of algae discolours the water in the Gulf of Mexico, off the coast of Florida, USA

Can scientists save the world's sea life from "ocean acidification"?

By the end of the century, the only living things left in our oceans could be plankton and jellyfish. Alex Renton meets the scientists who are trying to turn the tide
The starling is one of 15 bird species whose decline in population has been linked to pesticide use in the Netherlands

Increased use of controversial pesticides linked directly to decline of bird species, scientists show

The results will increase the pressure on the UK Government to change its relaxed stance on neonicotinoids

File image of a crocodile sunbathing on a river bank in the Yala National Park in Sri Lanka

Mystery 6ft crocodile appears in middle of Greek lake – leaving local farmers terrified

Giant reptile accused of eating lambs and ducks

Bombus dahlbomii largest bumblebee in world from Chile

Bye bye big bee: In South America, the world's largest bumblebee is at risk from imported rivals

Grim echo of when European humans first arrived in the Americas and infection killed millions of the indigenous inhabitants
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Day In a Page

Homeless Veterans Christmas Appeal: ‘We give them hope. They come to us when no one else can help’

Christmas Appeal

Meet the charity giving homeless veterans hope – and who they turn to when no one else can help
Should doctors and patients learn to plan humane, happier endings rather than trying to prolong life?

Is it always right to try to prolong life?

Most of us would prefer to die in our own beds, with our families beside us. But, as a GP, Margaret McCartney sees too many end their days in a medicalised battle
Thomas Cook's outgoing boss Harriet Green got by on four hours sleep a night - is that what it takes for women to get to the top?

What does it take for women to get to the top?

Thomas Cook's outgoing boss Harriet Green got by on four hours sleep a night and told women they had to do more if they wanted to get on
Christmas jumper craze: Inside the UK factory behind this year's multicultural must-have

Knitting pretty: British Christmas Jumpers

Simmy Richman visits Jack Masters, the company behind this year's multicultural must-have
French chefs have launched a campaign to end violence in kitchens - should British restaurants follow suit?

French chefs campaign against bullying

A group of top chefs signed a manifesto against violence in kitchens following the sacking of a chef at a Paris restaurant for scalding his kitchen assistant with a white-hot spoon
Radio 4 to broadcast 10-hour War and Peace on New Year's Day as Controller warns of cuts

Just what you need on a New Year hangover...

Radio 4 to broadcast 10-hour adaptation of War and Peace on first day of 2015
Cuba set to stage its first US musical in 50 years

Cuba to stage first US musical in 50 years

Claire Allfree finds out if the new production of Rent will hit the right note in Havana
Christmas 2014: 10 best educational toys

Learn and play: 10 best educational toys

Of course you want them to have fun, but even better if they can learn at the same time
Paul Scholes column: I like Brendan Rodgers as a manager but Liverpool seem to be going backwards not forwards this season

Paul Scholes column

I like Brendan Rodgers as a manager but Liverpool seem to be going backwards not forwards this season
Lewis Moody column: Stuart Lancaster has made all the right calls – now England must deliver

Lewis Moody: Lancaster has made all the right calls – now England must deliver

So what must the red-rose do differently? They have to take the points on offer 
Cameron, Miliband and Clegg join forces for Homeless Veterans campaign

Cameron, Miliband and Clegg join forces for Homeless Veterans campaign

It's in all our interests to look after servicemen and women who fall on hard times, say party leaders
Millionaire Sol Campbell wades into wealthy backlash against Labour's mansion tax

Sol Campbell cries foul at Labour's mansion tax

The former England defender joins Myleene Klass, Griff Rhys Jones and Melvyn Bragg in criticising proposals
Nicolas Sarkozy returns: The ex-President is preparing to fight for the leadership of France's main opposition party – but will he win big enough?

Sarkozy returns

The ex-President is preparing to fight for the leadership of France's main opposition party – but will he win big enough?
Is the criticism of Ed Miliband a coded form of anti-Semitism?

Is the criticism of Miliband anti-Semitic?

Attacks on the Labour leader have coalesced around a sense that he is different, weird, a man apart. But is the criticism more sinister?
Ouija boards are the must-have gift this Christmas, fuelled by a schlock horror film

Ouija boards are the must-have festive gift

Simon Usborne explores the appeal - and mysteries - of a century-old parlour game