The Antarctic has a population of 4,000 - but what does it take to work in a wilderness of 70-knot winds and marauding penguins?

A century after Shackleton set out to conquer the Antarctic, thousands of people call the seventh continent home over its summer months, from sailors to scientists and conservationists to climbing instructors
The New Forest; it is feared that Britain’s forests could suffer a similar fate to woodlands in much of the US, where vast stands of trees have been wiped out by beetles

Trees under threat: The oak, beech and birch could be lost if Britain does not act quickly

They help define our landscape, but it could be radically altered over the next century unless steps are taken to stop the onslaught of pests
Conservation groups have appealed for cotton mittens for koalas

Conservation groups appeals for mittens for koalas with burned paws

Conservation groups have appealed for people to make cotton mittens for koalas whose paws were burned in major wildfires in Australia.

Dozens of Pikachu characters parade at the Landmark Plaza shopping mall Tokyo on 14 August, 2014

China faces criticism from conservation scientists for attempts to exterminate real-life 'Pikachu' with mass poisoning

Ecologists hit out at classification of the mouse-like 'pika' as a pest – and say policy-makers are ignoring all the evidence in their favour

If you upturn a tortoise, it will find its feet again, thanks to a clever combination of shell shape and leg and neck manoeuvres

The topsy-turvy world of the tortoise: a smaller shell helps them to walk tall

Larger specimens are less adept at righting themselves when they are flipped on to their backs, study finds
Salacia arenicola, a climbing shrub from Republic of Congo

Kew Gardens scientists discover ingenious new 'gobstopper' fruit tree

The scientists also discovered a giant bean tree and one of the 'most irritating' plants in the world among 70 new species unearthed this year

Whale sharks can reach sizes of up to 18m in length and weigh more than 30 tonnes

Whale sharks to be tagged to save species

Technology will uncover the mating secrets of these enigmatic giants
Nick Marx leads the project at Angkor Wat

The Englishman returning wildlife to Cambodia's Angkor Wat temple complex

The 're-wilding' of the forests near the ancient site could be a model for other projects
Langdon Meadows, Essex. Bumblebees, butterflies, orchids,
bats and songbirds share these pastures. Plans for a 725-home development on the site near Basildon have been approved

Local wildlife sites not protected by statute are being ruined by development, warns report

A tenth of 'secret spaces' have been lost or damaged in the past five years

Northern white rhino dies at San Diego Zoo Safari Park to leave just five left in the world

Angalifu was one of the only two remaining males in the species of rhinoceros

Maligned
Hyenas in The Lion King (centre) and in reality (left, right)

A hyena for Christmas? You're having a laugh

They've had lousy PR but these animals can be adorable – and they need our protection
Polar bear Giovanna and her twin polar bears Nela and Nobby eat an ice cake with fresh fruit and cream to celebrate the cub's first birthday

Polar bear birthday party becomes traffic cone rave at Munich zoo

Nela and Nobby celebrated their first birthday yesterday

Prince William will attack China’s ivory industry by saying it is fuelling the slaughter of elephants and other animals by poachers

Prince William attacks China over 'ignorant craving' for ivory

Researchers warn that ivory poachers are killing elephants faster than they are being born

Most wanted: (top row, from left) Adriano Giacobone, Ahmed Kamran, Ariel Bustamante Sanchez; (middle row) Ben Simasiku, Bhekumusa Mawillis Shiba, Nicolaas Antonius Cornelis Maria Duindam; (bottom row) Sudiman Sunoto, Sergey Darminov, Feisal Mohamed Ali

The hunt is on: Interpol list names the world’s most wanted environmental fugitives

Poverty, corruption and governmental incompetence have made ecological crime almost impossible to stop. Terrence McCoy reports on an alarming trend

The truth about sharks: Far from being 'killing machines', they have personalities, best friends and an exceptional capacity for learning

A tribe of marine scientists has set up base on the tiny island of Bimini in the Bahamas to unravel the secrets of the creature most misunderstood by man. Oliver Duff dives in...

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Former helicopter pilot Major Tim Peake will become the first UK astronaut in space for over 20 years
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Day In a Page

NHS struggling to monitor the safety and efficacy of its services outsourced to private providers

Who's monitoring the outsourced NHS services?

A report finds that private firms are not being properly assessed for their quality of care
Zac Goldsmith: 'I'll trigger a by-election over Heathrow'

Zac Goldsmith: 'I'll trigger a by-election over Heathrow'

The Tory MP said he did not want to stand again unless his party's manifesto ruled out a third runway. But he's doing so. Watch this space
How do Greek voters feel about Syriza's backtracking on its anti-austerity pledge?

How do Greeks feel about Syriza?

Five voters from different backgrounds tell us what they expect from Syriza's charismatic leader Alexis Tsipras
From Iraq to Libya and Syria: The wars that come back to haunt us

The wars that come back to haunt us

David Cameron should not escape blame for his role in conflicts that are still raging, argues Patrick Cockburn
Sam Baker and Lauren Laverne: Too busy to surf? Head to The Pool

Too busy to surf? Head to The Pool

A new website is trying to declutter the internet to help busy women. Holly Williams meets the founders
Heston Blumenthal to cook up a spice odyssey for British astronaut manning the International Space Station

UK's Major Tum to blast off on a spice odyssey

Nothing but the best for British astronaut as chef Heston Blumenthal cooks up his rations
John Harrison's 'longitude' clock sets new record - 300 years on

‘Longitude’ clock sets new record - 300 years on

Greenwich horologists celebrate as it keeps to within a second of real time over a 100-day test
Fears in the US of being outgunned in the vital propaganda wars by Russia, China - and even Isis - have prompted a rethink on overseas broadcasters

Let the propaganda wars begin - again

'Accurate, objective, comprehensive': that was Voice of America's creed, but now its masters want it to promote US policy, reports Rupert Cornwell
Why Japan's incredible long-distance runners will never win the London Marathon

Japan's incredible long-distance runners

Every year, Japanese long-distance runners post some of the world's fastest times – yet, come next weekend, not a single elite competitor from the country will be at the London Marathon
Why does Tom Drury remain the greatest writer you've never heard of?

Tom Drury: The quiet American

His debut was considered one of the finest novels of the past 50 years, and he is every bit the equal of his contemporaries, Jonathan Franzen, Dave Eggers and David Foster Wallace
You should judge a person by how they peel a potato

You should judge a person by how they peel a potato

Dave Hax's domestic tips are reminiscent of George Orwell's tea routine. The world might need revolution, but we like to sweat the small stuff, says DJ Taylor
Beige is back: The drab car colours of the 1970s are proving popular again

Beige to the future

Flares and flounce are back on catwalks but a revival in ’70s car paintjobs was a stack-heeled step too far – until now
Bill Granger recipes: Our chef's dishes highlight the delicate essence of fresh cheeses

Bill Granger cooks with fresh cheeses

More delicate on the palate, milder, fresh cheeses can also be kinder to the waistline
Aston Villa vs Liverpool: 'This FA Cup run has been wonderful,' says veteran Shay Given

Shay Given: 'This FA Cup run has been wonderful'

The Villa keeper has been overlooked for a long time and has unhappy memories of the national stadium – but he is savouring his chance to play at Wembley
Timeless drama of Championship race in league of its own - Michael Calvin

Michael Calvin's Last Word

Timeless drama of Championship race in league of its own