The price of tackling congestion

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The Independent Online
The north

The north

The £487m Leeds supertram; an £18m road widening and junction improvement project on the A595 at Parton in Cumbria; a £4.7m road safety scheme on the A66 near Darlington; a £3.3m anti-congestion scheme on the A1(M) near Durham with climbing lanes between junctions 60 and 62; a £24m road scheme to improve access to the M62, junction 6 in Merseyside.

The south-west

The Bristol light rail scheme, worth £194m; a new section of the A30 to remove a bottleneck between Bodmin and Indian Queens, Cornwall; a £17m bypass around Dobwalls, Cornwall, to reduce congestion and improve road safety.

The south-east

The South Hampshire rapid transit light rail scheme, worth £190m; the £107m improvement to the A3 at Hindhead (including a mile-long toll-free tunnel) to relieve congestion and protect the environmentally sensitive Hindhead Common; the £15m Kent fastrack scheme to make better use of the existing road network for public transport in the Thames Gateway area.

The Midlands and east England A £37m Masshouse Circus public transport project in Birmingham to make the network safer and easier for public transport, pedestrians and cyclists; £31m to ease congestion on the A1 between Peterborough and Blyth by replacing six roundabouts with a series of flyovers or underpasses; an £82m scheme to improve the A46 between Newark and Nottingham to increase road safety and cut congestion with underpasses and flyovers; a £10m safety improvement scheme near Stowmarket on the A14.