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Mining mega-merger set to go ahead despite doubts

Shareholders are set to approve Glencore and Xstrata's long-awaited £56bn merger agreement after eight months of talks, despite substantial opposition to the deal, a leading investor predicted yesterday.

At least three significant Xstrata shareholders plan to oppose the merger, which would create a mining and commodities trading powerhouse, arguing that it undervalues their company.

They include Threadneedle Investments, which owns 0.29 per cent of Xstrata, and Knight Vinke, the activist investor with a 0.5 per cent shareholding, which reiterated its opposition yesterday.

A third investor also plans to oppose the deal, but believes voting against the merger is futile.

"It's all over bar the shouting. It's pretty obvious that the deal has the tacit approval of Qatar. Clearly they have agreed to the new 3.05 ratio," said a source at the investor, referring to the revised deal which will see Xstrata shareholders receiving 3.05 Glencore shares for each of theirs.

Xstrata's shares rose by 22.5p, or 2.35 per cent, to 980p, while Glencore closed down 1.1p at 342p, after the agreement was announced yesterday, suggesting that the City broadly believes the deal will go ahead. Qatar has a 12 per cent stake, which in effect gives it the swing vote on whether the deal goes ahead.

It was Qatar's opposition to the original transaction – with a ratio of 2.8 – that prompted Glencore to revise its offer.

Although Qatar had originally pushed for a ratio of 3.25, it has softened its stance in recent weeks.

The fund declined to comment yesterday. Christopher LaFemina, an analyst at the investment bank Jefferies, said: "We continue to expect this mega-merger to be completed, especially in light of these important changes to the deal structure."

Former Prime Minister Tony Blair played a key role as peacemaker between Glencore and Xstrata, reportedly pocketing $1m (£620,000) for one day's work.