Cameron and Osborne represent 'the old order'; it's time for a 'big change'

Ed Miliband is confident of Labour's direction and his rivals are noticing, says Andrew Grice

Ed Miliband has found a way to get under David Cameron's skin in the Commons, throwing back at him his words as Opposition leader when asked why he wanted to be Prime Minister. "I think I'd be good at it," Mr Cameron replied. "Where did it all go wrong?" Mr Miliband then asks him.

But what makes Mr Miliband more qualified for the job? He believes the answer lies in fairness. "This country needs a really big change, particularly on the economy," he tells i. "A few people do well and everyone else is struggling. We have got to change that and rebuild our economy, a divided society and faith in politics. I know exactly what I think the next Labour Government needs to do."

According to the Labour leader, it's not just his political opponents who have failed to wake up to the need for change at the core of Britain's economy. He says many bankers are still in denial about the need to transform the culture and practices of their industry too.

"There are too many people who don't get it, who think this is nasty politicians bashing bankers," he explains, "It isn't. It is an angry public who feel the banks are not serving the country and that this has got to change."

Before the Commons summer break, Mr Miliband told his MPs that 2015 would see a "big change, big politics" election like 1979, which ushered in the Thatcher-era consensus he now judges as past its sell-by date.

He says: "We [Labour] must understand that challenge. It's about people who say 'my son and daughter cannot find a job', who are being ripped off by the banks, see their living standards squeezed."

The outlines of Labour's 2015 pitch start to emerge. Mr Miliband believes politics can rise to the challenge, but insists Mr Cameron and George Osborne cannot because they represent a failed "old order" which is "ideologically beached".

For now, the Labour leader is keener on posing questions than coming up with answers. "You have to set out the problem to which you want to be the answer," he says.

Mr Miliband will not be rushed, promising more policies "in the course of the next 12, 18, 24 months". He identifies three priority areas. "We have got to win back people's trust and reassure them about fiscal credibility; show we understand that immigration has benefits as well as costs and that welfare is also about responsibility."

While admitting Labour didn't get everything right in office, he is "not going to say the reason we had a big budget deficit is that we invested too much in schools and hospitals because I don't believe that".

Will he bow to the inevitable by matching the Coalition's overall spending limits until 2017, as Blairites demand, while giving Labour room to "switch-spend" within the ceilings? "We are some way off that," he replies, hardly ruling it out.

Political opponents, Labour "Edsceptics" and commentators are revising their early opinions of Mr Miliband – upwards. "He is good at picking issues – phone hacking, the banks, the 'predators' of capitalism," one Tory Cabinet minister admitted. A Liberal Democrat minister added: "We thought we could rely on him to cock it up. Now we can't."

Mr Miliband concedes his "producers versus predators" speech at last autumn's Labour conference had "mixed reviews", but he always had an inner confidence it would come good. He believes the public now supports his call for "responsible capitalism".

His latest target is the banks. He is fired up by the need to stop claims management companies creaming off 30 per cent of the compensation payments for 28,000 small businesses mis-sold products, such as those protecting them against interest rate rises.

He said: "This goes to the heart of how financial services work. It is a racket. It adds insult to injury if you get companies coming along and ripping people off all over again. We need swift, comprehensive justice for all the people mis-sold products by the banks."

Mr Miliband is happy for last September's speech to be a "metaphor" for his underestimated leadership. But he is not getting carried away. He tells the twenty-somethings in his enthusiastic team to ignore opinion polls showing Labour 10 points ahead of the Conservatives.

There's another reason to ignore the polls: Mr Cameron is still seen as the best Prime Minister. "All leaders of the Opposition have to establish themselves in the public's mind," he says, conceding that "blowing my own trumpet" does not come naturally. "I do what I think is the right thing," he says.

Tomorrow Mr Miliband heads to Paris for talks with François Hollande, France's new Socialist President. Youth unemployment will be high on the agenda. The Labour leader senses the tide is turning in Europe against austerity and unemployment and towards jobs and growth. What he calls "Camerkozy economics" – backed by Mr Cameron, Angela Merkel and the defeated Nicolas Sarkozy – has had its day, he argues.

"The Government's problem is not simply the 'omnishambles' – the incompetent management. It is deeper than that. It is about the failure of the economic plan," he says. "The Budget was its turning point – standing up for the wrong people, tax cuts for millionaires. It called into question the Government's motives."

Yesterday Nick Clegg told The People that he would be "open to working with other parties" in another hung parliament. Asked if he could do business with Mr Miliband, he replied: "Yes."

The feeling is not mutual and the Labour leader dismisses speculation that the icy Lib-Lab relations since 2010 are melting. "I would find it difficult to work with him," he replies.

I ask Mr Miliband why Labour appears to be playing games by not backing Mr Clegg's plans to reform the House of Lords. He admits there are "different views" inside Labour but insists: "We are for reform. We are for proper [parliamentary] scrutiny. We will get the Bill out of the Commons and into the Lords. The Government should get on with it.

"Then people will be able to judge whether we are simply playing games or trying to have proper scrutiny."