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The Independent Online

TODAY: Births: John Howard, prison reformer, 1726; Sir Robert Bruce Lockhart, diplomat and author, 1887; Lord George-Brown, statesman, 1914. Deaths: Giuseppe de Ribera ("Lo Spagnoletto"), painter, 1652; Thomas Telford, civil engineer, 1834; Henri Rousseau, primitive painter, 1910. On this day: the Great Fire of London began, 1666; men between the ages of 19 and 41 were conscripted in Britain under the National Service Bill, 1939; Japan surrendered to the Allies, aboard the USS Missouri, 1945. Today is the Feast Day of St Agricolus, St Antoninus of Pamiers, St Brocard, St Castor of Apt, St William of Roskilde and the Martyrs of September 1792.

TOMORROW: Births: Joseph Wright, painter, 1734; Cecil Parker (Cecil Schwabe), actor, 1897; Alan Ladd, actor, 1913. Deaths: Sir Edward Coke, lawyer, 1634; Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector, 1658; Ivan Sergeyevich Turgenev, playwright, 1883; e.e. cummings (Edward Estlin Cummings), poet, 1962; Frederick Louis MacNeice, poet and playwright, 1963; Ho Chi Minh, president of North Vietnam, 1969; Frank Capra, writer and film director, 1991. On this day: the Battle of Dunbar was fought, when Oliver Cromwell defeated the Scots, 1650; the Gregorian calendar was introduced, replacing the Julian, when 3 September became 14 September, 1752; the American War of Independence came to an end after Britain and the United States signed the Treaty of Paris, 1783. Today is the Feast Day of St Aigulf or Ayoul of Lerins, St Cuthburga, St Gregory the Great, St Hildelitha, St Macanisius, St Phoebe, St Remaclus and St Simeon Stylites the Younger.