In this handout provided by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket with NASA's Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) spacecraft onboard launches from the Air Force Station Space Launch Complex 41 Marc / Aubrey Gemignani/NASA via Getty Images

Interactions among the magnetic fields of space can create space weather, disrupting power and communications on Earth

Nasa launched four spacecraft last night, sending them far into the “magnetosphere”, a mission that could help solve the mysteries of space weather.

An Atlas rocket, carrying four of the “Magnetospheric Multiscale” spacecraft, took over last night and were pushed into their orbit four hours later. They will now fly around in the magnetosphere — where the Earth’s magnetic force is in space — in an oblong orbit, in an attempt to map out and understand the way magnetic fields interact.

Together they will study magnetic reconnection — the ways that the magnetic fields of the Earth, sun and other space objects come together and break apart, releasing huge amounts of energy. That process then drives the aurora, as seen in the northern lights, and solar storms that disrupt power and communications on Earth.

Nasa hopes to use the data gathered by the spacecraft during their $1.1 billion mission to better understand that weather.

"We're not setting out here to solve space weather," said principal investigator Jim Burch, from the Southwest Research Institute in San Antonio. "We're setting out to learn the fundamental features of magnetic reconnection because that's what drives space weather."

Each observatory resembles a giant octagonal wheel, stretching more than 11-feet across and 4-feet high, and weighing 3,000 pounds each. Numbered and stacked like tires on top of the rocket for launch, the fourth one popped free first more than an hour after liftoff, followed every five minutes by another.

Once the long, sensor-laden booms are extended in a few days, each spacecraft could be much bigger than a football field.