To catch a villain, try closing your eyes. Researchers reported today that witnesses to crimes were more likely to identify key clues if they kept their eyes shut while they tried to remember what happened.
After watching a clip about an electrician stealing items from a house, researchers found that those who kept their eyes shut while trying to answer questions got 71 percent of them right. Those who did not got less than half. They also found that building a good rapport between questioner and witness also helped improve rates of success.
“Closing your eyes allows us to block out distractions that are competing for our attention,” said Dr Robert Nash, from Surrey University, who led the study. “It is clear from our research that closing the eyes and building rapport help with witness recall.”
A second experiment involved watching a Crimewatch clip about a retired doctor attacked inside his home in 2008. The programme included a reconstruction of the break-in and attack and an introduction about what had happened by a police officer. After the clip, the “witnesses” were asked questions such as the victim’s last name and the colour of their front door.
The experiment found that those who closed their eyes got half of the questions right, and those who didn’t managed only 42 per cent. The findings, published today in the journal Legal and Criminology Psychology, involved 178 people over two studies.
Police have long used the techniques to help witnesses to crimes improve their recall of scenes based on psychological research. Kent police have used a technique of “enhanced cognitive interviews” which have been used to help people visualise the scenes of crimes. It has been used to help victims identify key features of homes where they had been sexually abused years before.
DC Mark Robinson, a trainer in the technique at the force, said: “We’ve been advocating this [closing eyes] for 15 years.”Reuse content