A-Z of marques: No.18 Ferrari
Saturday 23 August 2003
The marque: First among supercars, usually red, always obvious
The history: Enzo Ferrari managed the Alfa Romeo racing team pre-war, but in 1947 he produced his own car, the 125S, with a 1.5-litre V12 engine by Gioachino Colombo. This engine would power most roadgoing Ferraris for the next 20 years, more than doubling its size along the way. It was soon joined by a larger V12 family which powered road cars and Grand Prix cars. Ferrari attracted the best drivers: Juan Manuel Fangio, Mike Hawthorn and Peter Collins, among them. World championships were regular Ferrari benefits with Phil Hill and John Surtees in the 1960s. Ferrari's son and heir, Dino, died young. His name was on a late-1950s GP car, and on a smaller sports model which was Ferrari's first mid-engined road car. This line evolved into the 308 and 328 series, then the flawed 348, the sublime F355 and today's 360 Modena. The racing cars went mid-engined from the 1960s but larger road cars stayed front-engined until the Daytona ceased production in the early 1970s. After that, the big Ferraris had mid-mounted flat-12 engines until the 456 and 550, with new V12s, came along. Meanwhile Niki Lauda and, nowadays, Michael Schumacher kept world championships heading Ferrari's way. Enzo Ferrari died shortly after 1987's twin-turbo F40 supercar startled the world with its 480bhp. The F50 supercar, and now the Enzo, show the founder's spirit continues. Ferrari now owns Maserati too.
Defining model: 250 GTO. Front-mounted V12 engine, 1960s visual purity, string of race wins, total epitome of Ferrarism.
Enzo Ferrari said: Against everyone's advice, I wanted a 12-cylinder engine.
We say: Stubbornness was his salvation.
Life & Style blogs
Kylie Jenner challenge: Bizarre lip suction device inspired by Kardashian sister goes viral
Women's sportswear: From tackling a marathon to a jog in the park, the right kit can help
Coachella Festival 2015: from Kendall Jenner to Alexa Chung, stars and festival-goers parade their boho best
What do the emoji on Snapchat mean?
$375 'peasant dress' enrages the internet
If I’m being racially abused I don’t need a stranger with a saviour complex to rescue me
The only black face in the Ukip manifesto is on the page about overseas aid
Ukip is the only main political party to not address LGBT rights in its manifesto
Food banks: One million Britons will soon be using them, according to Trussell Trust
Religion isn't growing, it is becoming vigorous in its demise, says philosopher AC Grayling
BBC election debate: The one photo that summed up the whole 90-minute leaders debate
- 1 Kylie Jenner challenge: Bizarre lip suction device inspired by Kardashian sister goes viral
- 2 Rarest Beanie Baby bought for just £10 at car boot sale could be sold for £62,500 on eBay
- 3 Katie Hopkins and The Sun editor are reported to police for incitement to racial hatred following migrant boat column
- 4 Bruce Forsyth backs assisted dying campaign: 'If I had Alzheimer's or dementia I would do something about it'
- 5 Giorgio Armani criticises the way some gay men dress saying 'a man has to be a man'
£14000 - £18000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: An Office Administrator is requ...
£12000 - £40000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: Due to expansion and growth of ...
£40000 - £50000 per annum: Ashdown Group: Senior PHP Developer position with a...
Negotiable: Recruitment Genius: An Operations Leader is required to join a lea...