Disagreement continued, with the Republicans opposing the Treaty and the Free Staters supporting it. By June the situation had escalated into civil war. The Irish Free State was officially established in December, with a government formed under William T Cosgrove. However, some reconciliation appeared to have been made at least within the Irish Parliament as the first general election proved victorious for the pro-treaty party.
On the world stage the post-War Versailles Treaty was feeling the strain after Russia and Germany made a secret pact in Rapallo, re-establishing full diplomatic relations and promising cooperation towards economic development and enabling Germany to manufacture in Russia the weapons banned by the Versailles Treaty. The ambush of Michael Collins in September meant that there was only one surviving member of the Irish delegation who signed the treaty. Lloyd George found himself and his coalition parliament ousted by the Tories, and Benito Mussolini became Italy's dictator after marching on Rome.
Photo 98 is a series of high profile national events and exhibitions, for information contact 01484 559888 or surf to www.photo98.com. Exhibitions: 'Kurdistan - In the Shadow of History', Impressions Gallery, 29 Castlegate, York YO1 1RN (01904 654 724); until Feb 8. 'A Picture Of You?' Rotherham Art Gallery, Central Library & Arts Centre, Walker Place, Rotherham S65 1JH (01709 382 121 ext 3624); until Feb 7.