Photography: 98for98 The century in photographs: today 1922

In conjunction with Photo 98 - The UK Year of Photography and the Electronic Image, the Independent and The Hulton Getty Picture Collection present "98 for 98" - The Century in Photographs. This photograph was taken in July 1922 and shows armed anti-Treaty members of the Irish Republican Army as they patrol the streets of Dublin during the Irish Civil War. The treaty with Britain was passed in a highly contentious atmosphere: the debate had lasted nine days, it was only approved by a margin of seven votes and the country's best known politician, Eamon de Valera, resigned as president, leaving Michael Collins to take the presidency of the provisional government.

Disagreement continued, with the Republicans opposing the Treaty and the Free Staters supporting it. By June the situation had escalated into civil war. The Irish Free State was officially established in December, with a government formed under William T Cosgrove. However, some reconciliation appeared to have been made at least within the Irish Parliament as the first general election proved victorious for the pro-treaty party.

On the world stage the post-War Versailles Treaty was feeling the strain after Russia and Germany made a secret pact in Rapallo, re-establishing full diplomatic relations and promising cooperation towards economic development and enabling Germany to manufacture in Russia the weapons banned by the Versailles Treaty. The ambush of Michael Collins in September meant that there was only one surviving member of the Irish delegation who signed the treaty. Lloyd George found himself and his coalition parliament ousted by the Tories, and Benito Mussolini became Italy's dictator after marching on Rome.

Photo 98 is a series of high profile national events and exhibitions, for information contact 01484 559888 or surf to www.photo98.com. Exhibitions: 'Kurdistan - In the Shadow of History', Impressions Gallery, 29 Castlegate, York YO1 1RN (01904 654 724); until Feb 8. 'A Picture Of You?' Rotherham Art Gallery, Central Library & Arts Centre, Walker Place, Rotherham S65 1JH (01709 382 121 ext 3624); until Feb 7.

News
A poster by Durham Constabulary
news
Life and Style
Steve Shaw shows Kate how to get wet behind the ears and how to align her neck
healthSteven Shaw - the 'Buddha of Breaststroke' - applies Alexander Technique to the watery sport
Sport
Cameron Jerome
footballCanaries beat Boro to gain promotion to the Premier League
Arts and Entertainment
Performers drink tea at the Glastonbury festival in 2010
music
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Life and Style
ebookNow available in paperback
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

ES Rentals

    iJobs Job Widget
    iJobs General

    Guru Careers: Software Developer / C# Developer

    £40-50K: Guru Careers: We are seeking an experienced Software / C# Developer w...

    Guru Careers: Software Developer

    £35 - 40k + Benefits: Guru Careers: We are seeking a Software Developer (JavaS...

    SThree: Trainee Recruitment Consultant / Resourcer

    £18000 - £23000 per annum + Commission: SThree: As a Trainee Recruitment Consu...

    Ashdown Group: UI Developer - (UI, HTML, CSS, JavaScript, AngularJS)

    £25000 - £40000 per annum: Ashdown Group: UI Developer - (UI, JavaScript, HTML...

    Day In a Page

    Abuse - and the hell that came afterwards

    Abuse - and the hell that follows

    James Rhodes on the extraordinary legal battle to publish his memoir
    Why we need a 'tranquility map' of England, according to campaigners

    It's oh so quiet!

    The case for a 'tranquility map' of England
    'Timeless fashion': It may be a paradox, but the industry loves it

    'Timeless fashion'

    It may be a paradox, but the industry loves it
    If the West needs a bridge to the 'moderates' inside Isis, maybe we could have done with Osama bin Laden staying alive after all

    Could have done with Osama bin Laden staying alive?

    Robert Fisk on the Fountainheads of World Evil in 2011 - and 2015
    New exhibition celebrates the evolution of swimwear

    Evolution of swimwear

    From bathing dresses in the twenties to modern bikinis
    Sun, sex and an anthropological study: One British academic's summer of hell in Magaluf

    Sun, sex and an anthropological study

    One academic’s summer of hell in Magaluf
    From Shakespeare to Rising Damp... to Vicious

    Frances de la Tour's 50-year triumph

    'Rising Damp' brought De la Tour such recognition that she could be forgiven if she'd never been able to move on. But at 70, she continues to flourish - and to beguile
    'That Whitsun, I was late getting away...'

    Ian McMillan on the Whitsun Weddings

    This weekend is Whitsun, and while the festival may no longer resonate, Larkin's best-loved poem, lives on - along with the train journey at the heart of it
    Kathryn Williams explores the works and influences of Sylvia Plath in a new light

    Songs from the bell jar

    Kathryn Williams explores the works and influences of Sylvia Plath
    How one man's day in high heels showed him that Cannes must change its 'no flats' policy

    One man's day in high heels

    ...showed him that Cannes must change its 'flats' policy
    Is a quiet crusade to reform executive pay bearing fruit?

    Is a quiet crusade to reform executive pay bearing fruit?

    Dominic Rossi of Fidelity says his pressure on business to control rewards is working. But why aren’t other fund managers helping?
    The King David Hotel gives precious work to Palestinians - unless peace talks are on

    King David Hotel: Palestinians not included

    The King David is special to Jerusalem. Nick Kochan checked in and discovered it has some special arrangements, too
    More people moving from Australia to New Zealand than in the other direction for first time in 24 years

    End of the Aussie brain drain

    More people moving from Australia to New Zealand than in the other direction for first time in 24 years
    Meditation is touted as a cure for mental instability but can it actually be bad for you?

    Can meditation be bad for you?

    Researching a mass murder, Dr Miguel Farias discovered that, far from bringing inner peace, meditation can leave devotees in pieces
    Eurovision 2015: Australians will be cheering on their first-ever entrant this Saturday

    Australia's first-ever Eurovision entrant

    Australia, a nation of kitsch-worshippers, has always loved the Eurovision Song Contest. Maggie Alderson says it'll fit in fine