Photography: 98for98 The century in photographs: today 1929
Monday 16 February 1998
In the Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin set in motion a brutal programme of agrarian collectivisation, in order, he claimed, to combat the imminent prospect of famine.
The rural revolution's darker political goals swiftly became apparent, however, when Stalin ordered that, along with their families, the 2 million affluent peasant farmers, the kulaks, be "liquidated as a class". Stalin's agents set about their task with merciless efficiency, murdering kulaks in the early months of 1930 at the rate of an average of 40 per day, according to some reports. At the same time, numerous incentives tempting farmers to join their local co-operatives allowed Stalin to tighten his control over those poorer peasant farmers living near the Polish border who had not already fled the country.
The decorum with which the Indian authorities arrested Mahatma Ghandi in May was in marked contrast to the violent episodes his detainment provoked. Earlier that year, his continuing campaign of civil disobedience had targeted a government monopoly on the production of salt, culminating in the Mahatma's symbolic infringement of the controversial legislation. Ghandi's subsequent imprisonment sparked widespread unrest: 2,500 of his followers offered no resistance as police ruthlessly broke up a protest at a government-owned salt works: in Sholapur, less supplicatory supporters of Ghandi were numbered among a mob of 10,000 who staged a violent attempt to take over the town.
As part of Photo 98, the UK Year of Photography and the Electronic Image, the heyday of London's Lafayette Studio is celebrated in `High Society: Edwardian Life in Photographs' at the National Portrait Gallery, St Martin's Place, London WC2H 0HE (0171-306 0055). The exhibition continues until 21 June. For full details of Photo 98's programme of events and exhibitions, ring 01484 559 888 or visit www.photo98.com
Life & Style blogs
Report finds English children among the unhappiest in world
Anal sex study reveals climate of 'coercion'
The ALS Association doesn't yet know what to do with all this ice bucket challenge money
The science of saturated fat: A big fat surprise about nutrition?
The best gowns on the red carpet of 2014 Venice Film Festival
Exclusive: We share blame for creating 'jihad generation', says Muslim strategist
Robin Williams Emmys tribute led by Billy Crystal criticised for including 'racist' joke about Muslim woman
The Rotherham child abuse scandal is a tale of apologists, misogyny and double standards
Scottish independence TV debate: Pumped-up Alex Salmond bounces back in bruising second round against Alistair Darling
Do you realise just how foolish the UK looks?
Ukip Douglas Carswell defection: Tory MP jumps ship to join Nigel Farage
- 1 Notting Hill Carnival: Woman shares selfie after being ‘punched in face for telling man to stop groping her’
- 2 Joan Rivers: 'Palestinians deserve to be dead'
- 3 Daily Show's Jon Stewart destroys Fox News for its Ferguson coverage
- 4 Botched ice bucket challenge leaves man critically injured after plane drops hundreds of gallons of water
- 5 Friends reunion: Jennifer Anniston, Lisa Kudrow and Courteney Cox perform mini sketch on Jimmy Kimmel Live
- < Previous
- Next >
Highly Competitive Salary: Austen Lloyd: CITY - An excellent new instruction w...
£500 per day: Harrington Starr: SQL Server Developer SQL, PHP, C#, Real Time,...
£600 per day: Harrington Starr: C#.NET Developer C#, Win Forms, WPF, WCF, MVVM...