The century in photographs: 98 for 98 - Today 1970
Monday 13 April 1998
As the Vietnam conflict worsened, President Nixon attempted to defend the intensified bombing of the Ho Chi Minh trail in Eastern Laos and US offensives into Cambodia: "I would rather be a one-term president than a two-term president at the cost of seeing America become a second-rate power and accept the first defeat in its history." Such obdurance flew in the face of public opinion. The world had been horrified to learn late the year before of the massacre of over 500 Vietnamese civilians in the hamlet of Mylai.
The subsesquent trial by court martial of Lt. William Calley in 1970 - for his personal responsibility for at least 109 of these deaths - further fuelled international protest about US involvement.
The truculence of American foreign policy was reflected by the government's fatally heavy-handed reaction to the US anti-war movement. In May, National Guard soldiers at universities in Mississippi and Ohio fired into rioting crowds of anti-war demonstrators, killing six students. "When dissent turns to violence it invites tragedy," Nixon said, but support for the President was diminishing among Republicans and opposing Democrats. A day after the deaths of the student protestors, Nixon pledged to withdraw of all US troops from Cambodia and Laos within seven weeks.
Life & Style blogs
Thousands of teenage girls enduring debilitating illnesses after routine school cancer vaccination
Migrants in Kos: Photos show real tragedy after Brits abroad complain of 'awkward' holidays
British tourists complain that impoverished boat migrants are making holidays 'awkward' in Kos
Michael Gove determined to scrap the Human Rights Act – even if Scotland retains it
Threat to scrap Human Rights Act could see UK follow Nazi example, warns UN official
Church of England 'one generation away from extinction' after dramatic loss of followers
- 3 Alton Towers crash: Four seriously injured and 16 guests trapped as Smiler ride carriages collide
- 4 Ann Summers survey reveals the UK's favourite sex position
£35000 - £45000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: This company is a solutions / s...
£18000 - £45000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: A Sales Executive is required t...
£35000 - £40000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: Are you inspired to bring new a...
£14000 - £18000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: This is an exciting opportunity...