The century in photographs: 98 for 98 - Today 1970
Monday 13 April 1998
As the Vietnam conflict worsened, President Nixon attempted to defend the intensified bombing of the Ho Chi Minh trail in Eastern Laos and US offensives into Cambodia: "I would rather be a one-term president than a two-term president at the cost of seeing America become a second-rate power and accept the first defeat in its history." Such obdurance flew in the face of public opinion. The world had been horrified to learn late the year before of the massacre of over 500 Vietnamese civilians in the hamlet of Mylai.
The subsesquent trial by court martial of Lt. William Calley in 1970 - for his personal responsibility for at least 109 of these deaths - further fuelled international protest about US involvement.
The truculence of American foreign policy was reflected by the government's fatally heavy-handed reaction to the US anti-war movement. In May, National Guard soldiers at universities in Mississippi and Ohio fired into rioting crowds of anti-war demonstrators, killing six students. "When dissent turns to violence it invites tragedy," Nixon said, but support for the President was diminishing among Republicans and opposing Democrats. A day after the deaths of the student protestors, Nixon pledged to withdraw of all US troops from Cambodia and Laos within seven weeks.
Life & Style blogs
McDonald’s launches clothing line using Big Mac prints
Distressed Zayn Malik fans are cutting themselves - how did fandom get so dark?
Clocks change: how to make sure iPhone and smartphones automatically ‘spring forward’
Curvy model Kate Upton is returning to the big screen for the film The Layover
American Apparel gets another ad banned by advertising watchdog for sexualising children
Nigel Farage brands LGBT activists 'filth' and 'scum' and accuses them of scaring away his children after they invade his local pub
Ukip supporters are 55 or older, white and socially conservative, finds British Social Attitudes Report
JK Rowling responds to fan tweeting she 'can't see' Dumbledore being gay
Russia threatens Denmark with nuclear weapons if it tries to join Nato defence shield
Jeremy Clarkson sacked live: Alan Yentob 'wouldn't rule out' ex Top Gear host's BBC return
Germanwings plane crash live: Andreas Guenter Lubitz intentionally crashed flight 9525 into the Alps in act of mass murder and suicide – latest
- 1 Germanwings crash: Police make 'significant discovery' at home of co-pilot Andreas Lubitz
- 2 Zayn Malik already working on solo material, just days after quitting One Direction
- 3 The West has it totally wrong on Lee Kuan Yew
- 4 #FreeTheNipple: Women in Iceland bare breasts in solidarity with trolled student
- 5 Jeremy Clarkson calls on trolls to leave producer Oisin Tymon alone: 'None of this is his fault'
£22000 - £28000 per annum: Ashdown Group: This is a large multi-site operation...
Negotiable: Recruitment Genius: This is an exciting opportunity to join a lead...
£35000 - £38000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: This dynamic outsourced contact...
£14000 - £20000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: This is a fantastic opportunity...