Investment at the very edge

The Ukraine is the new frontier for opportunity-seeking investors. Despite a history of nuclear grief, the country holds promise.

Investment managers in emerging markets are a bit like tourists. When one new location begins to look played out or crowded they simply move on in search of the next lush unspoiled territory. For tourists the next prospect is Lombok, for fund managers it is the Ukraine.

The Ukraine? Yes, the Ukraine. Its very name means at the edge, and it is certainly at the very edge of the investment universe, beyond Poland, the Czech Republic and even Russia. Not so long ago it was experiencing a rate of inflation which made Russia look stable, and at 177,000 to the dollar last week the Ukrainian coupon or karbovanets was worth less than one-thirtieth of a rouble.

Ukraine was also in dispute with Russia over ownership of the Crimea and the Russian Black Sea fleet, and its main claims to world fame were the Chernobyl nuclear reactor, which blew up a decade ago, and its equally dangerous status as a nuclear power by virtue of the ageing former Soviet missiles on its soil.

Some of these problems are fading away but none of them has disappeared, and there are plenty of other issues to worry would-be investors. A quarter of the population are Russians, economic reform has made even less progress than in Russia, and President Kuchma and his cabinet are still at loggerheads with the parliament. But at least the Ukrainian president looks fit enough to last out his term and push through long-delayed reforms to benefit the long-neglected economy.

A new currency is being introduced this week, by knocking five noughts off the existing unit and calling it a hryvna. Tougher monetary policies have been introduced at the behest of the IMF and inflation could be down to just 28 per cent next year.

The Ukraine has no oil or gas and relies heavily on nuclear and coal- fired power, but potentially it is richer than Russia. It produces 10 per cent of the world's steel, it is big in chemicals. and with proper management it could regain its 19th-century status as the breadbasket of Europe. It also has a large pool of cheap but well educated labour. It has attracted only a tenth of the inward investment won by Poland, but the total could treble next year.

So far there are just four companies listed on the Kiev stock market and another 100 companies are traded on an over-the-counter market, but a big step towards privatisation is due before the end of the year, with 208 more companies lined up. The main sectors are energy production and distribution, steel, telecommunications, food processing and consumer goods. The current market capitalisation is barely $1bn and current prices average just one times earnings. Quoted companies include the Lisichansknefteorgsyntez oil refinery, the Niznnyodniprovsky tube rolling plant and ZAZ, the maker of the Zaporozhets, one of the less successful cars of the Soviet era.

Tough decisions will still be needed to close down industries with no competitive future. But if independent registrars can sort out the ownership of assets and establish a proper clearing system, the Ukraine could follow the trail blazed by Thailand, the Philippines, India, Poland and Russia itself. There is also a substantial bond market. Regent Pacific Group, based in Hong Kong, intends to raise $50m this autumn and inject $5m of its own money to launch the first commercial investment fund specialising in the country. But the minimum investment is likely to be $100,000, so smaller investors will have to find a private client broker willing to syndicate an investment.

Sport
Club legend Paul Scholes is scared United could disappear into 'the wilderness'
football
News
A model of a Neanderthal man on display at the National Museum of Prehistory in Dordogne, France
science
News
Dawkins: 'There’s a very interesting reason why a prince could not turn into a frog – it's statistically too improbable'
newsThat's Richard Dawkins on babies with Down Syndrome
Arts and Entertainment
Eye of the beholder? 'Concrete lasagne' Preston bus station
architectureWhich monstrosities should be nominated for the Dead Prize?
PROMOTED VIDEO
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Travel
Dinosaurs Unleashed at the Eden Project
travel
Arts and Entertainment
music
Sport
football
Life and Style
This month marks the 20th anniversary of the first online sale
techDespite a host of other online auction sites and fierce competition from Amazon, eBay is still the most popular e-commerce site in the UK
News
i100
Finacial products from our partners
Property search
Love but not marriage: property is one area where cohabiting couples are in danger of losing out

How couples can protect their financial interests when cohabiting

People who simply live together cannot assume they have the same rights to each other's assets as spouses or civil partners. Michelle McGagh sees how they can protect their financial interests

India could be jewel in the crown for investors

With a new government and an ambitious prime minister, the country offers the prospect of strong returns. But there may be hiccups ahead, warns Simon Read

Child Maintenance Service to replace Child Support Agency - but is it better?

Reforms to the vexed question of child support payments by absent parents mean extra charges for both sides. Neasa Macerlean reports

Barclays's new life insurance heralds a revolution on the high street

The new product marks a shift towards 'clear, straightforward and standardised' banking products, says Simon Read

How to protect your assets if the stock markets begin to head south again

Are you worried about your portfolio? Nick Paler asks fund managers and investment insiders for advice
Fuel poverty campaigners united in criticising the delays in helping those in fuel poverty

Plans to tackle fuel poverty are slammed by campaigners

Charities and action groups believe that the Government's proposals are woefully inadequate
Sell it with flowers: competition is 'intense' for homes with outside spaces

Gardens add a tenth to the value of your home

A London estate agent yesterday put a price on having a garden. David Pollock of Greene & Co reckons it can increase a property's value by a tenth.

Spectators at the Isle of Wight music festival watch the World Cup on the big screen. Betting promotions were a feature of the tournament
Lenders have been accused of persuading vulnerable people to borrow expensive credit

Payday loan firms accused of bombarding vulnerable people with nuisance phone calls

Payday loan firms have been accused of bombarding financially vulnerable people with nuisance phone calls, after a debt charity reported that a third of its clients were plagued by the messages.

Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

ES Rentals

    iJobs Job Widget
    iJobs Money & Business

    Quantitative Analyst (Financial Services, Graduate, SQL, VBA)

    £45000 per annum: Harrington Starr: Quantitative Analyst (Financial Services, ...

    Application Support Engineer (C++, .NET, VB, Perl, Bash, SQL)

    Negotiable: Harrington Starr: Application Support Engineer (C++, .NET, VB, Per...

    AIFMD Business Analyst / Consultant - Investment Management

    £450 - £600 per day: Harrington Starr: AIFMD Business Analyst / Consultant - I...

    Business Analyst Solvency II SME (Pillar 1, 2 & 3) Insurance

    £450 - £600 per day: Harrington Starr: Business Analyst Solvency II SME (Pilla...

    Day In a Page

    Middle East crisis: We know all too much about the cruelty of Isis – but all too little about who they are

    We know all too much about the cruelty of Isis – but all too little about who they are

    Now Obama has seen the next US reporter to be threatened with beheading, will he blink, asks Robert Fisk
    Neanderthals lived alongside humans for centuries, latest study shows

    Final resting place of our Neanderthal neighbours revealed

    Bones dated to 40,000 years ago show species may have died out in Belgium species co-existed
    Scottish independence: The new Scots who hold fate of the UK in their hands

    The new Scots who hold fate of the UK in their hands

    Scotland’s immigrants are as passionate about the future of their adopted nation as anyone else
    Britain's ugliest buildings: Which monstrosities should be nominated for the Dead Prize?

    Blight club: Britain's ugliest buildings

    Following the architect Cameron Sinclair's introduction of the Dead Prize, an award for ugly buildings, John Rentoul reflects on some of the biggest blots on the UK landscape
    eBay's enduring appeal: Online auction site is still the UK's most popular e-commerce retailer

    eBay's enduring appeal

    The online auction site is still the UK's most popular e-commerce site
    Culture Minister Ed Vaizey: ‘lack of ethnic minority and black faces on TV is weird’

    'Lack of ethnic minority and black faces on TV is weird'

    Culture Minister Ed Vaizey calls for immediate action to address the problem
    Artist Olafur Eliasson's latest large-scale works are inspired by the paintings of JMW Turner

    Magic circles: Artist Olafur Eliasson

    Eliasson's works will go alongside a new exhibition of JMW Turner at Tate Britain. He tells Jay Merrick why the paintings of his hero are ripe for reinvention
    Josephine Dickinson: 'A cochlear implant helped me to discover a new world of sound'

    Josephine Dickinson: 'How I discovered a new world of sound'

    After going deaf as a child, musician and poet Josephine Dickinson made do with a hearing aid for five decades. Then she had a cochlear implant - and everything changed
    Greggs Google fail: Was the bakery's response to its logo mishap a stroke of marketing genius?

    Greggs gives lesson in crisis management

    After a mishap with their logo, high street staple Greggs went viral this week. But, as Simon Usborne discovers, their social media response was anything but half baked
    Matthew McConaughey has been singing the praises of bumbags (shame he doesn't know how to wear one)

    Matthew McConaughey sings the praises of bumbags

    Shame he doesn't know how to wear one. Harriet Walker explains the dos and don'ts of fanny packs
    7 best quadcopters and drones

    Flying fun: 7 best quadcopters and drones

    From state of the art devices with stabilised cameras to mini gadgets that can soar around the home, we take some flying objects for a spin
    Joey Barton: ‘I’ve been guilty of getting a bit irate’

    Joey Barton: ‘I’ve been guilty of getting a bit irate’

    The midfielder returned to the Premier League after two years last weekend. The controversial character had much to discuss after his first game back
    Andy Murray: I quit while I’m ahead too often

    Andy Murray: I quit while I’m ahead too often

    British No 1 knows his consistency as well as his fitness needs working on as he prepares for the US Open after a ‘very, very up and down’ year
    Ferguson: In the heartlands of America, a descent into madness

    A descent into madness in America's heartlands

    David Usborne arrived in Ferguson, Missouri to be greeted by a scene more redolent of Gaza and Afghanistan
    BBC’s filming of raid at Sir Cliff’s home ‘may be result of corruption’

    BBC faces corruption allegation over its Sir Cliff police raid coverage

    Reporter’s relationship with police under scrutiny as DG is summoned by MPs to explain extensive live broadcast of swoop on singer’s home