Melanie Jennings has invested in a second property and is keen to ensure she maximises profit from this. The 31-year-old television producer, on a salary of £37,000, bought a two-bed flat for £169,995 in November last year in Bristol.
"I already own a flat in London, but as I work in Bristol, I decided to release £100,000 equity from this alongside inheritance to buy another flat outright," she says.
Five years ago Melanie got a foot on the first rung of the property ladder when she bought a two-bed flat in Osterley, west London. This cost £265,000 and she reduced the mortgage when she had spare cash. So that now, after releasing equity from this, she pays £325 for a 30-year, £145,000, two-year fixed-rate, interest-only mortgage at 2.69 per cent.
"I thought it was a really good plan to buy another property in Bristol as interest rates are low compared to what they have been, but the value of property in London remains high," she says. "I knew it was a good time to change my mortgage and take more equity out of the London flat. The alternative would be a 90 per cent mortgage on the Bristol flat but this would have meant much higher loan-to-value, and higher repayments."
Instead, with the addition of a deposit, the equity release has enabled her to buy 100 per cent of the Bristol property with no other mortgage.
She adds: "I did shop around for the rate – I had a broker look at different deals for me, and approached other mortgage lenders, but the broker came back with one that suited me perfectly. It means I can keep monthly repayments low for the first two years to get to grips with my new lifestyle, and having two properties."
At present, her sister rents a room in her London property for £500 a month. However, Melanie is looking to rent out the entire flat, which, she says, would supply an income if she was unable to work for several months.
As the second flat is a relatively new investment, and she is heavily invested in the property sector, Melanie wants to know how to safeguard her investment and make the most of it for her future.
"Should I rent out a room in the Bristol flat as well?" she asks. She has no other savings or investments.
Turning to retirement, Melanie was a member of a final-salary pension scheme through her previous employer, but when she took redundancy this was closed off. However, she has joined a money-purchase scheme through her new job, where her employer matches 4 per cent of salary contributions. She paid into the final-salary scheme for four years.
Melanie has no life cover, but says: "I wonder if I need it with two properties worth over £400,000 in total?"
At just 31, Melanie already has net worth of around £290,000 and an eye on building security for her future, says Nick Evans, independent financial adviser (IFA) with One Life Wealth Planning. This puts her in a strong position to build on her wealth.
Kusal Ariyawansa, from Appleton Gerrard Private Wealth Management, recommends that Melanie takes advantage of the current low-interest rates to reduce her liabilities as much as possible.
"The advantage of doing so will be in the future, when she will have extra options should she decide to buy a bigger house, or if property prices decrease further," he stresses.
However, the interest-only mortgage will make it more difficult to repay the debt at a later stage, warns Mr Evans, as repayments are not eating into the original loan.
"Clearly she could always sell one of the properties, but with only one room rented out in the London flat at present, more could be done to make the investments work," he adds.
Renting out the London property fully will increase the funds available for investment, or mortgage repayments, if she is not using it herself, and this would be a good option, say the advisers.
However, renting a room in the Bristol flat is a lifestyle choice. While there is an obvious financial benefit with the £4,250 tax-free rent-a-room allowance, which could benefit her if used toward longer-term wealth generation plans, the choice to do so is entirely hers.
Jaskarn Pawar, from IFA Investor Profile, says Melanie should earn £1,000-£1,500 per month in rent from the London flat.
He says: "This would provide her with a reasonable yield. If both the rooms are suitable for single tenants then she could aim for £500 per room per month in rent."
Mr Pawar adds: "However, if at least one of the rooms can hold a double bed and be offered to a couple she could double the rent for that room."
Melanie is in a good position to save money from her salary and the rent generated by her London property.
This is important, as safeguarding her investments for the future includes building a cash reserve to fund any repairs or unforeseen events.
"Like any business, if Melanie wants to ensure the smooth running of her properties, she needs to make sure she has some accessible cash if she ever needs it," says Mr Pawar. "It's also sensible to retain a certain level of cash for personal use too."
Mr Evans adds that diversifying her investments is important now she has invested in two properties.
He adds: "We would normally recommend a client holds the equivalent of at least six months' worth of income for emergencies in cash. She could consider cash individual savings accounts (ISAs) initially to keep these funds tax-efficient."
With four years' contributions in the final-salary scheme, Melanie will have built up a small pension pot. However, as she is now a member of a money-purchase scheme the return will be based on how well the underlying investments perform. The loss of the final-salary pension is unfortunate, agree the advisers, but the level of contributions Melanie is making now is reasonable – and she should bear in mind that pensions are just one way of providing for her future, says Mr Evans.
If Melanie were starting from scratch today at age 31, a contribution of around £440 per month would be advisable, he says, to retire at age 65.
Mr Pawar recommends that Melanie continues to pay in the minimum she needs to in order to earn the 4 per cent matched contributions.
"What savings she has left over at the moment, and for the foreseeable future should be put aside to build up her cash reserve," he stresses. "Once she feels comfortable with the level of cash she holds, then she could begin investing into a stocks and shares ISA for longer-term gains, alongside her pension."
While Melanie has a mortgage, life insurance cover only protects others, and if she has no dependents, there may be other forms of protection which could provide more value for her own financial security.
Mr Ariyawansa, from Appleton, says: "Melanie will be entitled to death-in-service benefits from her employer. Secondly, and more importantly, if she is unable to work due to long-term illness or disability, she will only have her properties to rely on for an income."
He recommends that she consider an alternative, such as income protection insurance, to pay her a supplementary, tax-free income should she be unable to work for a period of time.
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