Wealth Check: 'Tune up my finances'

Matt Fripp, 22, a freelance jazz musician and music teacher, launched a music booking agency fresh from college. But the transition from student to the self-employed world has been tough. An unpredictable income in a recession does not help and he has concerns about how to manage his finances.

"My short-term aim is to build up enough regular work to fund the growth of the agency," he explains.

"Eventually, I want that to be my main source of income. But the insecurity of being self-employed is hard in this line of work. Christmas and the summer months can be busy with gigs but you can end up relying on these to pay for the quieter months."

Case notes

Income: Matt has earned £12,000 from seasonal gigs over the past year, and about £4,500 from teaching.
Monthly outgoings: Matt spends around £1,085, including rent, utilities and phone bills.
Debt: He has a student loan of £20,000 and an overdraft of £900.
Pension: Matt has not yet started saving for a pension.
Savings: £1,200.
Mortgage: None.

Three financial advisers offer Matt help this week: David Brunning of Brunning Newman Houghton, Mel Kenny from Radcliffe & Newlands and Christopher Wicks, the Director of N-Trust-Group.

Budgeting

The good news is that all three advisers believe that Matt's young age is beneficial. "He is at the start of his career planning and wealth building," says David Brunning. "Making sure that income exceeds expenditure should be the monthly priority."

Christopher Wicks also recommends sticking to financial basics for the moment: "His priority is to build up his business – but once things stabilize, he should be look into longer-term planning," he says.

But they also agree that the unpredictability of freelance work and the expense of living in London is a major obstacle to achieving financial stability. Mel Kenny says that the best way of planning for this is to keep detailed accounts of Matt's spending, particularly if cash flow from gigs is variable.

"Matt should draw up a budget of his projected income and outgoings to help with saving," he suggests. "He might be surprised how cheap day-to-day living can be if he looks in the right places."

Brunning is more sceptical about his ability to cut back. "Matt's personal expenses look pared to the bone," he notes. "Any money he can put aside is going to have to come from surplus income."

Savings

Once Matt has his short-term finances in order, the next step should be to reduce debt and create a cushion of cash savings in case of emergencies. The seasonal nature of Matt's gig earnings make this even more important.

His student loan is at a low rate of interest, so any extra payments should go on eliminating more expensive debts including his overdraft. "At that stage Matt needs to build up an emergency fund should he fall on leaner times," says Kenny. "A target of three to six months' expenditure in cash savings should be a priority."

"Matt should adopt the same view with his business accounts," adds Brunning. "Building up and holding £2,500 in the account to meet three months' planned spending before allocating further money to expansion."

But the days of shopping around for high interest saving rates are long gone. "With the Bank of England rate now at 0.5 per cent, interest on anything except the largest balances is irrelevant," he says. "Don't be seduced by short-term ISA season rates, as some providers offer generous rates now and then drop them later in the year."

Investment

Once his debts are under control and he has a cash fund in place, Kenny believes that Matt should focus his investment strategy on equities rather than cash.

Brunning says that Matt's other long-term investment is his music agency. Brunning recommends using low cost methods of advertising to grow the business.

Insurance

Matt's vulnerability to accidents or unforeseen mishaps is one of key risks of his profession. One way to offset this is to consider professional insurance and income protection. "This need not be prohibitively expensive," says Brunning. "It is possible to find income protection for under £10 per month."

And Matt can even insure the parts of his body that are vital for his career. Kenny points out that specialist insurers such as Lloyds can insure against the loss of a finger or hand, which could mean Matt would be unable to work.

For a free financial check-up, write to Wealth Check, The Independent, 191 Marsh Wall, London E14 9RS; or email wealthcheck@ independent.co.uk

Independent Partners; Do you need financial advice on your investments, pension or insurance? Book a free consultation with an independent Financial Adviser at VouchedFor.co.uk

Finacial products from our partners
Property search
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

ES Rentals

    iJobs Job Widget
    iJobs Money & Business

    Recruitment Genius: Sales Assistant / Buyer

    £15000 - £17000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: This company offers a range of ...

    Recruitment Genius: Customer Service Advisor

    £15000 - £16000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: Customer Service Advisors are r...

    SThree: Trainee Recruitment Consultant

    £20000 - £25000 per annum + OTE £45K: SThree: SThree were established in 1986....

    Recruitment Genius: Compliance Manager

    £40000 - £60000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: A Compliance Manager is require...

    Day In a Page

    Greece debt crisis: What happened to democracy when it’s a case of 'Vote Yes or else'?

    'The economic collapse has happened. What is at risk now is democracy...'

    If it doesn’t work in Europe, how is it supposed to work in India or the Middle East, asks Robert Fisk
    The science of swearing: What lies behind the use of four-letter words?

    The science of swearing

    What lies behind the use of four-letter words?
    The Real Stories of Migrant Britain: Clive fled from Zimbabwe - now it won't have him back

    The Real Stories of Migrant Britain

    Clive fled from Zimbabwe - now it won’t have him back
    Africa on the menu: Three foodie friends want to popularise dishes from the continent

    Africa on the menu

    Three foodie friends want to popularise dishes from the hot new continent
    Donna Karan is stepping down after 30 years - so who will fill the DKNY creator's boots?

    Who will fill Donna Karan's boots?

    The designer is stepping down as Chief Designer of DKNY after 30 years. Alexander Fury looks back at the career of 'America's Chanel'
    10 best statement lightbulbs

    10 best statement lightbulbs

    Dare to bare with some out-of-the-ordinary illumination
    Wimbledon 2015: Heather Watson - 'I had Serena's poster on my wall – now I'm playing her'

    Heather Watson: 'I had Serena's poster on my wall – now I'm playing her'

    Briton pumped up for dream meeting with world No 1
    Wimbledon 2015: Nick Bollettieri - It's time for big John Isner to produce the goods to go with his thumping serve

    Nick Bollettieri's Wimbledon Files

    It's time for big John Isner to produce the goods to go with his thumping serve
    Dustin Brown: Who is the tennis player who knocked Rafael Nadal out of Wimbeldon 2015?

    Dustin Brown

    Who is the German player that knocked Nadal out of Wimbeldon 2015?
    Ashes 2015: Damien Martyn - 'England are fired up again, just like in 2005...'

    Damien Martyn: 'England are fired up again, just like in 2005...'

    Australian veteran of that Ashes series, believes the hosts' may become unstoppable if they win the first Test
    Tour de France 2015: Twins Simon and Adam Yates have a mountain to climb during Tour of duty

    Twins have a mountain to climb during Tour of duty

    Yates brothers will target the steepest sections in bid to win a stage in France
    John Palmer: 'Goldfinger' of British crime was murdered, say police

    Murder of the Brink’s-MAT mastermind

    'Goldfinger' of British crime's life ended in a blaze of bullets, say police
    Forget little green men - aliens will look like humans, says Cambridge University evolution expert

    Forget little green men

    Leading evolutionary biologist says aliens will look like humans
    The Real Stories of Migrant Britain: An Algerian scientist adjusts to life working in a kebab shop

    The Real Stories of Migrant Britain

    An Algerian scientist struggles to adjust to her new life working in a Scottish kebab shop
    Bodyworlds museum: Dr Gunther von Hagens has battled legal threats, Parkinson's disease, and the threat of bankruptcy

    Dying dream of Doctor Death

    Dr Gunther von Hagens has battled legal threats, Parkinson's disease, and the threat of bankruptcy