Anatomy of a rumour: Goodbye to the pound?

The stock market index had its biggest ever one-day jump yesterday. The pound nose-dived. Why? Because of ... nothing, just a newspaper rumour, just a whisper in the corridors of power, about Britain and the single currency. Anthony Bevins and Diane Coyle ask what this tells us about the fate of the pound.

It was a bland, straightforward-looking story in the Financial Times. It suggested that the Cabinet was leaning towards British membership of the European single currency. No one was named. No startling information was revealed. But it was what the City wanted to hear, and the whooping could be heard all the way from the Square Mile to Westminster.

The FT's suggestion was that while sterling would not go into the single currency in the 1999 first-wave, there could be a declaration of intent to join, possibly before the next election. A statement outlining the conditions would be made to Parliament next month. It could be so. It might not be. The Cabinet was, and still is, vaguely in favour of joining at some time, if the single currency works. But there have been no other signs of Tony Blair closing off his options so early.

Certainly, yesterday's report did not come from him. Alastair Campbell, the Prime Minister's press secretary, speaks with some contempt for the man who wrote the report, Robert Peston, political editor of the Financial Times. The son of Lord Peston, Mr Campbell refers to him sarcastically as "The Rt Honourable".

For the record, the Prime Minister's office said the Financial Times report was "speculation, but wrong. There is no change in Government policy."

That is precisely what Mr Blair said in his interview with The Independent earlier this month. These days, the Treasury tends to be even blunter. There it was variously described as "bollocks'' and ``crap''.

The spokesman added that Gordon Brown, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, was scheduled to make a statement before the end of the year. It was widely expected he would reject first-wave entry, for 1999. "But I don't know what he is going to say after that, and I don't think he does either," the spokesman said.

But no denial would have damped down the excitement of the markets, which wanted to believe that the report was right. One seasoned City observer said: "This was a no-downside leak. There is no official change in policy yet, but a much more positive spin which has been really helpful in terms of the pound."

Gavyn Davies, the chief economist at investment bank Goldman Sachs who is close to Mr Brown, said: "There is no doubt in my mind that the Government will move us from strictly on the fence to off the fence but with flexibility over the timing."

He said the Government had clearly been moving in the direction of a more positive policy towards membership.

Gerard Lyons, head of research at investment bank DKB, voiced the widely held view in the City when he said: "Emu membership is now regarded as a done deal. The Government is seen to be testing the waters ahead of the party conference next week."

Share prices went through the roof, with the FTSE-100 index soaring by 161 points to 5,226.3. This was - in absolute terms - its biggest-ever jump, rivalled only by a 136 point rise when the Conservatives won the 1992 general election.

The pound fell by four pfennigs to DM2.83, the lowest since Labour's election victory in May.

So the Government is saying "maybe'' and the City is saying "good''. But what of the Tories, whose agonies over the issue helped cripple them in government and contributed mightily to their electoral massacre in May? Yesterday they too changed their position - and did so firmly on the record, in a press release from Central Office.

Peter Lilley, the shadow Chancellor, condemned the Government's reported position on the single currency as "bizarre" and added: "Conservatives are pragmatists, and if the facts were to change, we would have to consider them very carefully."

That may sound bland: but William Hague stood for election as Conservative leader on a pledge that he would lead the party into the next election on a platform of not going into a single currency for the duration of another Parliament; ruling out membership of a single currency under the Conservatives for as long as a decade.

So, on a day when the Westminster rumour machine blew straight into the excitable and rumour-prone world of the markets, what conclusions can safely be drawn?

The simple truth is that we are much likelier to join the single currency than we were a few months ago, under the last government. The political pressures against joining, both in the Commons and in the country at large, have fallen back.

The City has virtually made up its mind. If Chancellor Helmut Kohl, the often written-off German Chancellor is watching, he could be forgiven for thinking that his moment has come.

On the other hand, if Mr Blair changes his mind, at least nothing is yet on the record.

Start your day with The Independent, sign up for daily news emails
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
SPONSORED FEATURES
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs General

Recruitment Genius: Senior Environmental Adviser - Maternity Cover

£37040 - £43600 per annum: Recruitment Genius: The UK's export credit agency a...

Recruitment Genius: CBM & Lubrication Technician

£25000 - £27500 per annum: Recruitment Genius: This company provides a compreh...

Recruitment Genius: Care Worker - Residential Emergency Service

£16800 - £19500 per annum: Recruitment Genius: Would you like to join an organ...

Recruitment Genius: Senior Landscaper

£25000 - £28000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: In the last five years this com...

Day In a Page

Refugee crisis: David Cameron lowered the flag for the dead king of Saudi Arabia - will he do the same honour for little Aylan Kurdi?

Cameron lowered the flag for the dead king of Saudi Arabia...

But will he do the same honour for little Aylan Kurdi, asks Robert Fisk
Our leaders lack courage in this refugee crisis. We are shamed by our European neighbours

Our leaders lack courage in this refugee crisis. We are shamed by our European neighbours

Humanity must be at the heart of politics, says Jeremy Corbyn
Joe Biden's 'tease tour': Could the US Vice-President be testing the water for a presidential run?

Joe Biden's 'tease tour'

Could the US Vice-President be testing the water for a presidential run?
Britain's 24-hour culture: With the 'leisured society' a distant dream we're working longer and less regular hours than ever

Britain's 24-hour culture

With the 'leisured society' a distant dream we're working longer and less regular hours than ever
Diplomacy board game: Treachery is the way to win - which makes it just like the real thing

The addictive nature of Diplomacy

Bullying, betrayal, aggression – it may be just a board game, but the family that plays Diplomacy may never look at each other in the same way again
Lady Chatterley's Lover: Racy underwear for fans of DH Lawrence's equally racy tome

Fashion: Ooh, Lady Chatterley!

Take inspiration from DH Lawrence's racy tome with equally racy underwear
8 best children's clocks

Tick-tock: 8 best children's clocks

Whether you’re teaching them to tell the time or putting the finishing touches to a nursery, there’s a ticker for that
Charlie Austin: Queens Park Rangers striker says ‘If the move is not right, I’m not going’

Charlie Austin: ‘If the move is not right, I’m not going’

After hitting 18 goals in the Premier League last season, the QPR striker was the great non-deal of transfer deadline day. But he says he'd preferred another shot at promotion
Isis profits from destruction of antiquities by selling relics to dealers - and then blowing up the buildings they come from to conceal the evidence of looting

How Isis profits from destruction of antiquities

Robert Fisk on the terrorist group's manipulation of the market to increase the price of artefacts
Labour leadership: Andy Burnham urges Jeremy Corbyn voters to think again in last-minute plea

'If we lose touch we’ll end up with two decades of the Tories'

In an exclusive interview, Andy Burnham urges Jeremy Corbyn voters to think again in last-minute plea
Tunisia fears its Arab Spring could be reversed as the new regime becomes as intolerant of dissent as its predecessor

The Arab Spring reversed

Tunisian protesters fear that a new law will whitewash corrupt businessmen and officials, but they are finding that the new regime is becoming as intolerant of dissent as its predecessor
King Arthur: Legendary figure was real and lived most of his life in Strathclyde, academic claims

Academic claims King Arthur was real - and reveals where he lived

Dr Andrew Breeze says the legendary figure did exist – but was a general, not a king
Who is Oliver Bonas and how has he captured middle-class hearts?

Who is Oliver Bonas?

It's the first high-street store to pay its staff the living wage, and it saw out the recession in style
Earth has 'lost more than half its trees' since humans first started cutting them down

Axe-wielding Man fells half the world’s trees – leaving us just 422 each

However, the number of trees may be eight times higher than previously thought
60 years of Scalextric: Model cars are now stuffed with as much tech as real ones

60 years of Scalextric

Model cars are now stuffed with as much tech as real ones