Ancient fruit of kings and Victorian explorers
Saturday 02 August 1997
Henry VIII instructed his fruiterer, Richard Harris, to establish the first large scale orchards at Teynham, Kent, and to scour the known world for the best varieties.
The Celtic word for apple, abhall, persists in many place-names, and some towns and cities have particular associations with fruit trees. Norwich was described in Tudor times as "either a city in an orchard or an orchard in a city".
A medium-sized eating apple contains about 40 calories. Excluding the peel and core from the diet almost halves the amounts of vitamin C and dietary fibre, but makes very little difference to the sugar content.
Washing the skin to remove any contaminants is advisable.
The Institute for Food Research has found that there is an unsatisfied demand for a UK-bred apple that would be more acidic than anything currently grown here.
Victorian explorers found new varieties all over the world and brought them to Brogdale, in Kent, so developing its orchards and gardens. Brogdale now houses the National Fruit Collection of more than 4,000 varieties, with over 30 acres of orchards.
Cox's Orange Pippin accounts for over half of the UK acreage of dessert apples. It is thought to be an 18th century seedling, which originated in Colnbrook, Berkshire, related to Ribston Pippin, raised from seed by the brewer Richard Cox, at Knaresborough Hall in Yorkshire.
The UK apple market is worth more than pounds 320m - but only about 35 per cent of the eating apples sold in the UK are home-grown.
Surveys by the Institute of Food Research suggest that women in Norfolk between the ages of 24-34 eat the most apples - about one a day. Young adult men eat very few apples.
Source: Institute of Food Research
- 2 18th century sex toy found in 'toilet of sword fighting school' in Poland
- 3 US? China? India? The 10 biggest economies in 2030 will be...
- 4 'I wish my teacher knew...': Young students share their 'heartbreaking' worries in notes
General Election 2015: David Cameron catching up in polls – but he badly needs a clear lead
Alan Rickman admits editing 'terrible' script with friends in Pizza Hut behind backs of writers on Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves
South Africa xenophobic attacks: Shops looted and violence on streets of Johannesburg as foreigners are forced to hide in police stations
18th century sex toy found in 'toilet of sword fighting school' in Poland
'I wish my teacher knew...': Young students share their 'heartbreaking' worries in notes
The only black face in the Ukip manifesto is on the page about overseas aid
If I’m being racially abused I don’t need a stranger with a saviour complex to rescue me
Ukip is the only main political party to not address LGBT rights in its manifesto
Food banks: One million Britons will soon be using them, according to Trussell Trust
BBC election debate: The one photo that summed up the whole 90-minute leaders debate
Religion isn't growing, it is becoming vigorous in its demise, says philosopher AC Grayling
£18000 - £23000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: They work with major vehicle ma...
£16500 per annum: Recruitment Genius: A Chiropractic Assistant is needed in a ...
£18000 - £26000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: They work with major vehicle ma...
£28000 - £30000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: This company provides coaching ...