Analysis: The world is not enough
Dan Gledhill and Rupert Wright on the phenomenon of the City bankers, whose aspirations are even greater than their bonuses; Banks are losing the battle to hold on to their star performers
Sunday 12 December 1999
Morgan Stanley Dean Witter is also concerned. Mary Meeker, their star internet analyst who has a flawless stock-picking record, is this week expected to receive a $15m bonus. Ms Meeker, of Woodside, San Francisco, is a neighbour and friend of many of America's richest cyber moguls and may be tempted to sample life on the even more lucrative other side of the garden fence.
None of this should come as a surprise. True, over the next three months Wall Street banks will pay out bonuses worth at least pounds 8bn. Even Henry Paulson, the chairman of Goldman Sachs who is rarely drawn on matters as vulgar as bonuses, is predicting a 30 per cent hike in payouts. Hard- nosed bankers like Mr Paulson, who last week decided how to apportion Goldman's expected 1999 profits of $2.5m, do not give away vast bonuses unless they really have to.
But at the moment such munificence is called for like never before. Banks in London, New York and elsewhere are having unprecedented difficulty recruiting and keeping staff. The problem is the vast and instant fortunes being made by internet entrepreneurs. "There is a lot of competition out there," bemoaned one senior investment baker. "We are having a great deal of difficulty recruiting from business schools."
Even the receipt of the $15m paid to the likes of Ms Meeker does not guarantee loyalty. The director of human resources at another bank says: "People are seeing the potential for making very rapid fortunes with internet flotations. It is the appeal of an industry where you can earn $5m in stock options in less than a year."
It is not just a matter of pay, according to Chris Wightman. He left Nationsbank three years ago to set up his own private equity and investment bank, Equinox. "Banks don't mind paying big bonuses to traders", he says. "But they don't reward you if you are building a business. If you work for a large institution you have no control. Your fate is at the whim of the management."
Banks traditionally have tried to lock in star performers by deferring up to half their annual goldmines for up to five years. It is a tactic that no longer works, according to Yale Tauber, at William M Mercer, a US human resources consultancy. "You can never keep enough cash back to prevent someone from leaving." he says. "It just makes it more expensive for the next firm to hire him."
Some banks have tried to stem the exodus of talent by creating internal funds that are designed to recreate the rewards that can be generated by internet start-ups. Lehman Brothers runs such a scheme, but others fear that they create conflicts of interest and distract employees from the job in hand.
The voracity of the internet sector has reached such lengths that the brightest business school talent is being plucked long before the banks can get a look in. In the US, venture capitalists have enticed many MBA undergraduates to drop out of courses early with the promise of multi- million dollar backing for their ideas. Ambivalent students might reflect that failing to finish his Harvard degree never did Bill Gates any harm. The only ammunition with which banks can reply is the ever-increasing starting salary.
One banker says: "Junior analysts straight out of college are earning at least $200,000 in their first year with a guarantee that that will go up to $280,000 in the second year. And still they are leaving to join start-up ventures."
The UK's internet sector is years behind America's, but its appeal is growing. The university milk round, when many penurious students used to be wowed by a pounds 25,000 starting salary, no longer has the same appeal. Applications for graduate jobs in the City have fallen dramatically. It is an amazing reversal of fortune from last year, when cost-conscious banks tried to recoup their trading losses by slashing their intake.
Nevertheless, there are ways in which the cyber dollar can never match the (relatively) secure and regular income from Wall Street, according to Mr Tauber. "Wall Street has not been affected as badly as management consultancy firms. These bankers have established lifestyles with multi- million dollar homes. That's an expensive nut to crack. Long-term, Silicon Valley can ensure your estate grows, but it does not provide the cash- flow."
Avarice is fine. But those guar-anteed riches on Wall Street and the City are hard to leave behind.
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