Money: The Tiger comes in from the cold
It might be time to invest in South-east Asia again, writes Hugo Greenhalgh
Sunday 23 May 1999
The markets of South-east Asia have suffered catastrophic falls in the last two years, derailing the so-called Tiger economies and plunging most of the countries in the region into economic turmoil.
However, since the beginning of the year, many of the unit and investment trusts that invest in the area have been rocketing in value. The numbers speak for themselves. The Thai stock market is up by more than 30 per cent, the Malaysian by 36 per cent and even Japan, which has spent almost 10 years in the financial doldrums, has shot up by 18 per cent since the start of the year.
If you are new to emerging-market investments, you should avoid single- country funds and buy a general fund, which offers greater protection for your money if the bottom falls out of one particular country.
The average emerging-markets unit trust has risen in value by more than 22 per cent since 1 January, which compares favourably with the increase in the average UK income unit trust of 12 per cent.
Changes in the tax-free savings rules mean you can invest in the new ISA savings scheme anywhere in the world you choose - a significant boost for savers. Under the PEP rules, we had to keep at least 50 per cent invested in UK or European Union countries to qualify for the full PEP allowance.
So, is now the time to go for bargains in the Far East?
"Yes, definitely," says Mark Mobius, president of Templeton Emerging Markets Funds and an expert on investing in the emerging markets. "You should definitely invest in these markets and I still say that even though there has been a big recovery already."
However, Dr Mobius is renowned for being a hardy investor, often recommending markets no others will touch. One of his key investment tips for 1999, for example, is to invest in Russia. But for once Dr Mobius is not alone in his enthusiasm for the wilder investment frontiers.
Scott McGlashan, head of the Japanese desk at Perpetual, which has a range of unit trusts that invest in the region, agrees with Dr Mobius. He says: "On a long-term view it is almost certainly good timing to have a portion of your money in Japan and the other Asian countries."
Both Mr McGlashan and Dr Mobius believe the price of stocks and shares in the Far East has fallen so dramatically that for long-term investors, for example those thinking of their pension plans, the only way investments can go is up.
Helen Mackin, an investment strategist at Threadneedle Asset Management, says savers looking at investing a portion of their retirement plans, which will perhaps mature in 20 to 25 years' time, would do well to consider the emerging markets.
While the markets remain volatile in the short term, Ms Mackin believes the future offers some hope for stability.
"On the long-term view these markets look a reasonable place to put your money," she says.
Many UK investors are understandably nervous about investing in the region. In August 1997, a series of events combined to send the East Asian currencies reeling as the money speculators smelled blood and moved in for the kill. The effect on the region's stock markets was disastrous. Within a month, Thailand's stock market had fallen by nearly 30 per cent and Indonesia's had plummeted by 40 per cent.
At the time, many predicted that the so-called Asian flu would spread to the developed markets. As it happened, some other markets around the world, such as Latin America and Eastern Europe, also suffered, but the Western markets weathered the storm well.
Mr McGlashan, at Perpetual, agrees investors are right to be cautious.
"People will be a bit nervous over the next few months," he says, "but I don't think there will be another major correction."
To safeguard against any short-term volatility, Mr McGlashan advises setting up what he calls a "drip-feed savings account" which will invest your savings slowly rather than in one lump sum.
"It would be very sensible to have a savings-type investment in this area rather than rely on one-off hits," he says.
This would suit many monthly regular ISA savers. A portion each month could be siphoned off into riskier - and perhaps ultimately more profitable - funds, while the rest could remain relatively secure invested in UK assets.
Michael Thomas, head of the Japan desk at Scottish investment house Martin Currie, says he has rejigged the firm's Asian funds to be closer to the average holding in the area.
In his opinion, the price of stocks and shares in Europe and the US is so high that one of the best places for a bargain is South-east Asia.
Mr McGlashan agrees, and has started moving Perpetual's investments eastwards.
"Our managed funds have been increasing their exposure to Japan and the rest of Asia over the last couple of months," he says.
It is preparation for what they hope could be a repeat of the remarkable growth rates of the Tiger economies during the 1980s and early 1990s. Dr Mobius believes investors should remember that the sun rises in the east.
"The odds are on for a new bull market," he adds. "There is no doubt about that."
n Contacts: Martin Currie: 0808 100 2125; Perpetual: 01491 416123; Templeton: 0131 228 3932; Threadneedle: 0800 068 3000.
n Hugo Greenhalgh writes for `Investment Adviser'.
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